War Along the Chesapeake
A Divided Region
Welcome to Queen Anne's County! The Civil War intruded into quiet Eastern Shore communities, and residents of this beautiful, water-laced region faced difficult choices.
In the years before the war, enslaved African Americans from the Eastern Shore actively sought freedom via the Underground Railroad. Courageous "conductors" such as Eastern Shore-native Harriet Tubman, and other sympathetic residents, helped them along their hazardous way.
During the conflict, hundreds of formerly enslaved and free Black men from the Eastern Shore enlisted in the U.S. Colored Troops, the units authorized in January 1863 when President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation. After war's end, Black veterans returned to establish towns and emancipation celebrations that continue to influence Eastern Shore culture.
While some of the Eastern Shore's white residents held fast to the Union, others supported the Confederacy. Union authorities arrested newspaper publishers suspected of disloyalty. Daredevil watermen used twisting rivers and waterside towns to run the Federal blockade and supply Confederate forces.
Harriet Tubman was known as "Moses" for leading so many to freedom (image late 1860s)
A schooner sails by a ferry landing on the Nanticoke River. Such vessels made furtive voyages along the Eastern Shore to bring supplies to the Confederacy.
Erected by Maryland Civil War Trails.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Abolition & Underground RR • African Americans • Settlements & Settlers • War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Maryland Civil War Trails series list. A significant historical month for this entry is January 1863.
Location. 39° 4.72′ N, 75° 58.743′ W. Marker is near Centreville, Maryland, in Queen Anne's County. Marker is at the intersection of Hayden Road (Maryland Route 834) and Blue Star Memorial Highway (U.S. 301), on the left when traveling west on Hayden Road. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 404 Hayden Rd, Centreville MD 21617, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 6 miles
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker. This marker has replaced the linked marker.
Additional keywords. USCT
Credits. This page was last revised on June 2, 2021. It was originally submitted on June 2, 2021, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 56 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on June 2, 2021, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.