“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Haymarket in Prince William County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)

The Battle of Buckland Mills

Leopold's Preserve

The Battle of Buckland Mills Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Devry Becker Jones (CC0), January 2, 2021
1. The Battle of Buckland Mills Marker
Quote by General Davies
"I sent forward my wagons, artillery, and the rest of my column to the left, with the instructions to cross Broad Run and make toward Hay Market, and then, with the First West Virginia Cavalry and Second New York, attacked and drove back the rebel cavalry that were charging my rear. I ordered the whole command across Broad Run, and moved through the fields and woods toward Hay Market."

The Battle of Buckland Mills, also known as The Buckland Races, was fought on October 19, 1863, between Union and Confederate forces in the American Civil War. Union cavalry led by Brig. Gen. Judson Kilpatrick were caught in Confederate ambush and defeated.

The Battle of Buckland Mills involved more than 10,000 troops and centered along Route 29 between the New Baltimore and the Cerro Gordo plantation, which overlooks the town of Buckland from the bluffs of Broad Run. The Confederates succeeded in routing the entire federal cavalry across a wide swath of territory and as a result, referred to the affair as "the Buckland Races". An estimated 230 casualties were recorded.


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General J.E.B. Stuart, supported by Maj. Gen. Wade Hampton's cavalry division, was shielding Gen. Robert E. Lee's retirement from his defeat at Bristoe to the Rappahannock River. The Union cavalry under the command of Brig. Gen. Judson Kilpatrick pursued Stuart, who lured them through Buckland and into Warrenton, where Lee's troops were waiting in ambush.

The Union cavalry was divided in two; Custer was pursued back to Gainesville and Davies was routed and pursued across the county by Confederate cavalry to Haymarket and Gainesville, passing through the eastern portion of this property in close proximity to where you are now standing, following the current Route 15 alignment.

It is clear from every account of the battle on either side that the Confederate victory at Buckland depended on possession of the Buckland bridge and the Warrenton turnpike; access to "unpicketed" avenues of approach, such as the Greenwich Road from Auburn and the Thoroughfare Gap Road where it met the turnpike just east of new Baltimore; and, perhaps most significantly, the unintentional but complete separation of Davies' and Custer's brigades on the battlefield.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. A significant historical date for this entry is October 19, 1863.
Location. 38° 48.633′ N, 77° 39.181′ W. Marker is near Haymarket, Virginia

The Battle of Buckland Mills Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Devry Becker Jones (CC0), January 2, 2021
2. The Battle of Buckland Mills Marker
, in Prince William County. Marker is on Leopolds Trail, 0.3 miles north of Market Ridge Boulevard, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 6721 Leopolds Trail, Haymarket VA 20169, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. On Hallowed Ground (approx. ¼ mile away); Aldo Leopold (approx. 0.3 miles away); St. Paul's, Episcopal (approx. ¾ mile away); In This Area Are Buried (approx. ¾ mile away); In Memory of the Union Soldiers (approx. ¾ mile away); Colonial Roads (approx. 0.9 miles away); Haymarket During the War (approx. 0.9 miles away); a different marker also named Haymarket During the War (approx. 0.9 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Haymarket.
Credits. This page was last revised on June 6, 2021. It was originally submitted on January 2, 2021, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 612 times since then and 49 times this year. Last updated on June 6, 2021, by Bradley Owen of Morgantown, West Virginia. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on January 2, 2021, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.

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Apr. 12, 2024