Lometa in Lampasas County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
Operation Long Horn
The close of World War II brought new tensions to America that led to the Cold War. Under fear of communism and nuclear assault, the U.S. Army and Air Force simulated a war in one of the largest maneuvers ever to be staged on American soil. Called Operation Long Horn, the simulation included thwarting an invasion and recovering from an atomic attack.
To carry out the mock war, which began in late March 1952, ranchers between Waco and San Angelo signed easements to their land. Several Lometa-area ranches became sites of battles and campgrounds as more than 115,000 troops came to Texas for maneuvers. The town's population grew from 900 to 22,000, and the troops and supporting civilian staff members faced life in a small town. Local residents cooperated and participated by rationing and trading with troops, offering facilities for a mock U.S.O. (United Service Organizations) facility and attending programs and presentations given by soldiers. Such programs included an airdrop of 2,500 troops, as well as weapons, equipment and rations, in a training maneuver that pitted the 31st Infantry, 47th Infantry, and 1st Armored Division
In a nationally publicized event, aggressor forces captured and occupied Lampasas (17 mi. Se), establishing mock control of media and setting curfews. The city was liberated near the end of the simulation on April 9, 1952. The $3,300,000 exercise left local residents with damaged ranch land, outbuildings, fences and gates, as well as spooked livestock, but also gave them an opportunity to experience war in their own community.
Erected 2004 by Texas Historical Commission. (Marker Number 13183.)
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, Cold. A significant historical month for this entry is March 1952.
Location. 31° 12.213′ N, 98° 23.302′ W. Marker is in Lometa, Texas, in Lampasas County. Marker is on U.S. 190, 0.2 miles north of Farm to Market Road 3415, on the right when traveling south. The marker is located in the Lometa Regional Park at the front of the park on the north side of the road. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Lometa TX 76853, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Veterans of Lampasas County (a few steps from this marker); Scholten Railroad (approx. half a mile away); C.S.A. Salts Works (approx. 0.9 miles away); Lometa (approx. one mile away); Phantom Hill Road (approx. 2.7 miles away); Site of Lometa Reservoir (approx. 2.8 miles away); Site of the Town of Senterfitt (approx. 3.1 miles away); Senterfitt Cemetery (approx. 3.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Lometa.
Credits. This page was last revised on June 17, 2021. It was originally submitted on June 17, 2021, by James Hulse of Medina, Texas. This page has been viewed 341 times since then and 92 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on June 17, 2021, by James Hulse of Medina, Texas.