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Aztalan in Jefferson County, Wisconsin — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

House Structures

Aztalan National Historic Landmark

 
 
House Structures Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Devon Polzar, 2021
1. House Structures Marker
Inscription.  Houses at Aztalan include examples of building styles typical of both Late Woodland and Mississippian construction techniques. Late Woodland structures tend to have circular floor plans with wall posts set into individual post holes, and were commonly sided with bark and animal skins. Mississippian houses are typically rectangular with wall posts set in trenches and house walls plastered with a mixture of mud and grasses like the much larger stockades.

Although they were not built in rows, the homes were densely grouped, indicative of community planning. These homes were year-round residences and many had entrances facing south, away from harsh winter winds. Interiors were furnished with pole frame beds, likely covered with tamarack boughs, deer skins, and furs. Fire pits were located either in the center of the living area or near the entrance, with a central vent hole in the roof to help disperse smoke.

Photo captions (left): The residential area of the site is highlighted (shaded area) above.
(top right): House types identified at Aztalan.
(bottom right): Aztalan's "round" house type.

 
Topics. This historical
House Structures Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Devon Polzar, 2021
2. House Structures Marker
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marker is listed in this topic list: Native Americans.
 
Location. 43° 3.922′ N, 88° 51.59′ W. Marker is in Aztalan, Wisconsin, in Jefferson County. Marker can be reached from County Road Q. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: N6200 County Road Q, Jefferson WI 53549, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Conical Mounds (within shouting distance of this marker); Agriculture and Gathering (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Appearance and Manner of Dress (about 600 feet away); Leisure Activities (about 600 feet away); Platform Mounds (about 600 feet away); Social Organization (about 600 feet away); Prehistoric Pottery (about 600 feet away); Other Artifacts (about 700 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Aztalan.
 
More about this marker. The marker is along the trail that runs throughout Aztalan State Park. The marker is along the eastern portion of the trail.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on July 10, 2021. It was originally submitted on July 8, 2021, by Devon Polzar of Port Washington, Wisconsin. This page has been viewed 53 times since then and 17 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on July 8, 2021, by Devon Polzar of Port Washington, Wisconsin. • Mark Hilton was the editor who published this page.

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Dec. 8, 2022