Cumberland in Allegany County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
In 1860, Cumberland was a small town of 7,302 residents, most of whom lived in the valley of Will’s Creek. The town was an important stop on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad and the western terminus of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal. When the Civil War began in 1861, some residents supported the United States and others the Confederacy. Outright dissension ceased when Union forces garrisoned the town in June.
Cumberland soon became the administrative center for the defense of the western section of the railroad, the canal, and northern West Virginia. About 3,000 Union soldiers usually were stationed here, although the number increased periodically to as many as 8,000. Cumberland also served as a hospital and supply base, and when the war ended, it became a demobilization center. Military administrators occupied many buildings here during the war, while encampments sprang up on the outskirts of town and troops constructed fortifications on the surrounding hills to control approaches.
Confederate cavalry raiders frequently threatened to destroy area railroad facilities and bridges. The long-distance raids came from the
Erected by Maryland Civil War Trails.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Chesapeake and Ohio (C&O) Canal, and the Maryland Civil War Trails series lists. A significant historical month for this entry is February 1842.
Location. 39° 39.071′ N, 78° 45.991′ W. Marker is in Cumberland, Maryland, in Allegany County. Marker is at the intersection of Prospect Square and Washington Street, on the left when traveling north on Prospect Square. Marker is next to the library. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Cumberland MD 21502, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Allegany County Academy (here, next to this marker); Gov. Lloyd Lowndes 1845 - 1905 (a few steps from this marker); The Parade Ground of Fort Cumberland (a few steps from this marker); President Washington's Last Visit - 1794 (within shouting distance of this marker); Allegany County Library (within shouting distance of this marker); The Fort Proper (within shouting distance of this marker); Famous Personalities at Fort Cumberland (within shouting distance of this marker); Indians and Fort Cumberland (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Cumberland.
More about this marker. There is another identical marker in Cumberland.
Credits. This page was last revised on September 15, 2021. It was originally submitted on April 5, 2009, by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland. This page has been viewed 1,243 times since then and 72 times this year. Photo 1. submitted on April 5, 2009, by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland.