World War I to World War II 1918-1945
During this time, our industries were firmly established and the population was rapidly increasing, making even greater demands on infrastructure. Roads were built as the automobile became more abundant and affordable; electric trolley cars were introduced only to be replaced by buses and cabs; airplane travel became more common; a new dam was built on the Ohio River; and life in general was much better than it had ever been. That is, until the Great Depression hit and plunged many families into poverty. With the start of WWII, county men began serving in large numbers, and county women stepped forward and took their places in such factories as Spang-Chalfant, Curtiss Wright, and American Bridge in order to support the war effort. Once again, business was booming.
March 18, 1918
Daylight Savings Time
October 1, 1918
Beaver Falls native Colonel Joseph H. Thompson, wounded three times and gassed by the Germans, earned the Congressional Medal of Honor.
Travers Engineering Company of Beaver Falls made rides and roller coasters like the "Turtle" for amusement parks around the country.
June 26, 1921
Old Economy Village officially opened to the public.
American Bridge Company designed and built the first all-welded barge.
October 29, 1929
The U.S. Stock market crashed triggering the Great Depression. During its height, nearly 13 to 15 million Americans were unemployed.
January 31, 1930
St. Joseph Lead Co. erected a zinc smelter along Route 18 in Potter Township.
March 17, 1936
Ice jams up-river combined with heavy snowfall caused the worst flooding on record on the Ohio and Beaver Rivers.
June 16, 1936
On the Ohio River, near Industry, Montgomery Island locks and dam were completed and dedicated.
April 12, 1937
In the Landmark case, National Relations Board vs. Jones & Laughlin Steel Corporation, which originated in Beaver County established the legal basis for collective bargaining between labor unions and employers.
January 1, 1940
Beaver Countians who were eligible for Social Security received their first monthly payments under the law passed in 1935.
May 1, 1940
Michael Baker Jr. opened his engineering firm in the Penn Beaver Hotel, Rochester.
December 7, 1941
The Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor thus causing the United States to enter WWII.
The Spang-Chalfant Company in Ambridge began producing shell forgings, bomb casings, and airplane cylinders for the war effort.
The Kobuta plant was established in Potter Township for the manufacture of butadiene and styrene.
Land in southern Beaver County was transferred by the Federal Government to Pennsylvania to create Raccoor Creek State Park.
August 14, 1945
WWII finally ended with the Japanese surrender. Beaver County suffered 479 casualties, with 296 killed in action.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Industry & Commerce • Labor Unions • War, World I • War, World II. A significant historical date for this entry is January 31, 1930.
Location. 40° 41.887′ N, 80° 17.83′ W. Marker is in Beaver, Pennsylvania
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Big Industry Brings Progress 1901-1917 (here, next to this marker); Industry Flourishes 1861-1880 (a few steps from this marker); County Growth Continues 1881-1900 (a few steps from this marker); Growth And Decline 1946-1985 (a few steps from this marker); Properties On The National Register of Historic Places (a few steps from this marker); Transportation (a few steps from this marker); A New Era Begins 1986-Present (a few steps from this marker); Beaver County National Firsts (a few steps from this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Beaver.
Credits. This page was last revised on July 13, 2021. It was originally submitted on July 11, 2021, by Craig Doda of Napoleon, Ohio. This page has been viewed 532 times since then and 247 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on July 11, 2021, by Craig Doda of Napoleon, Ohio. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.