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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Flandreau in Moody County, South Dakota — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
 

Flandreau Christian Indian Community

 
 
Flandreau Christian Indian Community Marker image. Click for full size.
By Roger Dean Meyer, June 29, 2007
1. Flandreau Christian Indian Community Marker
Inscription.  
For a quarter of a century before 1862 and its War of the Indian Outbreak in Minnesota, Santee Sioux had been accepting Christianity. With the killing of over 500 whites by a truculent minority. The government hung 38, imprisoned over 300 at Davenport and the remaining 1,300 old men, women and children were transported by steamboat to the bleak and drought stricken Crow Creek Agency, May 1863 at Ft. Thompson. Longfellow’s Evangeline is a parallel to this saga of separation, heartbreak and tragedy. Despite relief expeditions from Minnesota over 300 Santees died of malnutrition and exposure at Ft. Thompson that winter of 1863-64 and over 100 died at Davenport.

The next two years were ones of continued tragedy. In 1866, the Ft. Thompson and Davenport groups were re-united at Santee Agency at the mouth of the Niobrara. The one third Christians had constant difficulty with the backward non-Christian brethren and in 1869 twenty-five families gave up tribal rights, annuities, everything to become citizens, and acquire homesteads along the Sioux at Flandreau.

They soon built their little Presbyterian Church in what was to
Flandreau Christian Indian Community Marker image. Click for full size.
By Roger Dean Meyer, June 29, 2007
2. Flandreau Christian Indian Community Marker
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become Flandreau and that fall were joined by 15 additional families. Among those making the break with tradition were Old Flute, All Over Red, Iron Dog, Big Eagle signers of the 1868 Treaty and Iron Old Man their acting pastor, who perished in a blizzard enroute from Santee to Flandreau. John P. Williamson of that missionary family of teachers and preachers was their early guide, counsellor and protector at Ft. Thompson and Flandreau.

This church, built in 1873, is one of the oldest continuously used Churches in South Dakota. The graveyard memorializes man of those early Christian names who shared in this hegira from Mankaton, Ft. Snelling, Ft. Thompson, Santee Agency terminating here.
 
Erected 1956 by County Commissioners and State Highway Commission. (Marker Number 162.)
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Native Americans. A significant historical month for this entry is May 1863.
 
Location. 44° 4.09′ N, 96° 35.226′ W. Marker is near Flandreau, South Dakota, in Moody County. Marker is on State Highway 13, ¼ mile north of 229th Street, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Flandreau SD 57028, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Dakota Akicita Wokisye / Dakota Soldiers Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker); Wakpaipaksan Okodakiciye (about
Presbyerian Church image. Click for full size.
By Roger Dean Meyer, June 29, 2007
3. Presbyerian Church
400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Flandreau Indian High School (approx. ¼ mile away); Waxdahl Claim Shack (approx. 1.3 miles away); Riverbend Meeting House (approx. 1.3 miles away); Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Depot (approx. 1.3 miles away); Jones School District #60 (approx. 1.4 miles away); Governor Bill Janklow (approx. 1½ miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Flandreau.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on July 17, 2021. It was originally submitted on March 17, 2020, by Roger Dean Meyer of Yankton, South Dakota. This page has been viewed 74 times since then. Last updated on July 17, 2021. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on March 17, 2020, by Roger Dean Meyer of Yankton, South Dakota. • Devry Becker Jones was the editor who published this page.

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Jan. 24, 2022