Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Locust Grove in Orange County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Ellwood - Home and Workplace

The Battle of the Wilderness

 
 
Ellwood - Home and Workplace Marker image. Click for full size.
By J.T. Lambrou, August 7, 2021
1. Ellwood - Home and Workplace Marker
Inscription.  Today only the main house remains, but Ellwood once stood at the center of a plantation that sprawled across 5,000 acres—one of the largest in the region. Outbuildings stood clustered around the main house: a kitchen, smokehouse, dairy, barns, and unadorned cabins for the enslaved people who lived here. The place resembled more a working village than a simple home. Before the Civil War, it's unlikely that the white residents ever amounted to more than 15 percent of Ellwood's population.
,br> For two centuries, the demands of the fields governed life here—a predictable rhythm disrupted only by war. After the 1863 Battle of Chancellorsville, Ellwood became a hospital. In 1864 it became the most prominent landmark on the Wilderness battlefield—an immense assembly area for Union troops. War transformed life here. The enslaved went free. Ellwood's owners adapted to a new system of labor and steadily sold off land. Still, the place remained a working farm in private ownership until the 1970's.

(captions)
A view of Ellwood, taken from the north in 1866. At left was the ice house, and at right what were likely two
Ellwood - Home and Workplace Marker image. Click for full size.
By J.T. Lambrou, August 7, 2021
2. Ellwood - Home and Workplace Marker
Marker is on the left with Ellwood in the background
Click or scan to see
this page online
slave cabins. Only the main house still stands.

William Jones owned the plantation and built Ellwood's main house in the 1790s.

This wartome sketch shows the land between Wilderness Tavern (left) and Ellwood (right), with masses of Union troops in the fields around Ellwood.

 
Erected by Fredericksburg & Spotsylvania National Military Park.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Abolition & Underground RRSettlements & SettlersWar, US Civil.
 
Location. 38° 19.167′ N, 77° 43.949′ W. Marker is in Locust Grove, Virginia, in Orange County. Marker can be reached from Constitution Highway (Virginia Route 20) near Germanna Highway (Virginia Route 3). Located on the grounds of the Ellwood Plantation, at the Wilderness Battlefield. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 36380 Constitution Highway, Locust Grove VA 22508, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Toil Without Choice at Ellwood (here, next to this marker); Ellwood (within shouting distance of this marker); Archeology at Ellwood (within shouting distance of this marker); A Busy Place (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Yard: A Busy Place (about 300 feet away); Union Headquarters
Ellwood image. Click for full size.
By J.T. Lambrou, August 7, 2021
3. Ellwood
Main house-only building still standing
(about 300 feet away); a different marker also named Union Headquarters (about 300 feet away); A Military Scene (about 300 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Locust Grove.
 
Also see . . .  Fredericksburg & Spotsylvania National Military Park. National Park Serviced (Submitted on August 16, 2021.) 
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on August 16, 2021. It was originally submitted on August 16, 2021, by J.T. Lambrou of New Boston, Michigan. This page has been viewed 48 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on August 16, 2021, by J.T. Lambrou of New Boston, Michigan. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.

Share this page.  
Share on Tumblr
m=179567

Paid Advertisement
Jan. 20, 2022