“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Huntingdon in Carroll County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)

A Divided Land

The Civil War in Carroll County

A Divided Land Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Duane and Tracy Marsteller, August 14, 2021
1. A Divided Land Marker
Inscription.  When the Civil War began, Carroll County residents were divided about equally between Union and Confederate sympathies and furnished a similar number of soldiers for each army. The well-to-do cotton growers residing in the prime land in the western section generally supported the Confederacy. Three companies of county men were mustered into the Confederate 22nd Tennessee Infantry at Trenton in June 1861, and two more companies joined the 55th Tennessee Infantry there in October. Numerous men served in other Confederate units.

Early in the conflict, while Carroll County was part of the Confederacy, many citizens remained loyal to the United States. Poorer farmers in the eastern agricultural districts tended to be Unionists. After the fall of Fort Donelson left West Tennessee in Federal hands, five companies of county men were mustered into the 7th Tennessee Cavalry in November 1862. Other Unionists joined the 6th Tennessee Cavalry, and because of their familiarity with the countryside, they were often assigned to scouting and occupation duties.

The most serious military actions in the county took place during the last two weeks
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of December 1862 and again in March 1864, when Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest led his forces on destructive raids of Federal communication lines. On both occasions, the Confederates captured and imprisoned Carroll County's Col. Isaac R. Hawkins and his 7th Tennessee Cavalry.

In February 1861, Carroll County citizens held a mass meeting at the brick courthouse in Huntingdon to discuss the question of secession. The residents appointed a committee to draft a resolution that expressed their sentiments, declaring that “we are in favor of the seceding States being restored to their allegiance to the Government of the United States, peaceably if possible, but forcibly if necessary.” The majority at the meeting approved the resolution.

(Left) Carroll County Courthouse (built 1845, burnt 1931), photo ca. 1860s Courtesy Tennessee Civil War National Heritage Area
(Center) Western Tennessee, 1865.
(Right) Col. Isaac R. Hawkins; Gen. Nathan B. Forrest Courtesy Library of Congress
Erected by Tennessee Civil War Trails.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Tennessee Civil War Trails series list.
A Divided Land Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Duane and Tracy Marsteller, August 14, 2021
2. A Divided Land Marker
36° 0.035′ N, 88° 25.667′ W. Marker is in Huntingdon, Tennessee, in Carroll County. Marker is at the intersection of Court Square and Lexington Street (Tennessee Route 22), on the left when traveling east on Court Square. Marker is on Carroll County Courthouse grounds. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 99 Court Square, Huntingdon TN 38344, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Carroll County Veterans Monument (within shouting distance of this marker); Mudslingers Studio (within shouting distance of this marker); Oak Hill Cemetery (approx. 0.4 miles away); Carroll County War Memorial (approx. half a mile away); Historic Thomas Park (approx. half a mile away); The Hawkins Cousins (approx. 0.7 miles away); Nathan Nesbitt (approx. 1.3 miles away); Isaac R. Hawkins (approx. 1.9 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Huntingdon.
Credits. This page was last revised on August 17, 2021. It was originally submitted on August 17, 2021, by Duane and Tracy Marsteller of Murfreesboro, Tennessee. This page has been viewed 194 times since then and 17 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on August 17, 2021, by Duane and Tracy Marsteller of Murfreesboro, Tennessee.

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Apr. 12, 2024