“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Locust Grove in Orange County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)

Union Headquarters

The Battle of the Wilderness


— Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park —

Union Headquarters Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Shane Oliver, October 7, 2017
1. Union Headquarters Marker
Inscription.  Ellwood stood in the midst of the Wilderness, a dark, forbidding forest characterized by stunted trees and densely tangled undergrowth. When the Confederates challenged General Ulysses S. Grant’s advance through the Wilderness on May 5, 1864, the Union commander made his headquarters just a few hundred yards north of here, along the Orange Turnpike (modern Route 20). For the next three days Ellwood, a quiet farm in a desolate region, suddenly found itself the center of national attention.

Union Fifth Corps commander Gouverneur K. Warren occupied the first-floor to the left of the front door throughout the battle. Here, on the evening of May 5, he received reports of staggering casualties from his chief surgeon.

“It will never do to make a showing of such heavy losses,” he observed. The bloodshed was just beginning. By the time the Army of the Potomac reached the James River, six weeks later, it had incurred more than 60,000 casualties.

Gouverneur Warren used this room as his office during the battle. Courtesy Larry Stuart

General Grant and army commander George G.
A Military Scene Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By J.T. Lambrou, August 7, 2021
2. A Military Scene Marker
Marker to the left with Ellwood in background
Click or scan to see
this page online
Meade visitied Ellwood on the afternnoon of May 5, 1864.

Erected by National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. A significant historical date for this entry is May 5, 1864.
Location. 38° 19.147′ N, 77° 43.884′ W. Marker is near Locust Grove, Virginia, in Orange County. Marker can be reached from Constitution Highway (Virginia Route 20) 0.6 miles west of Plank Road, on the left when traveling west. Located at the Ellwood Manor (Lacy House). Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 36380 Constitution Hwy, Locust Grove VA 22508, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named Union Headquarters (here, next to this marker); A Military Scene (here, next to this marker); a different marker also named A Military Scene (here, next to this marker); Ellwood (within shouting distance of this marker); Archeology at Ellwood (within shouting distance of this marker); A Busy Place (within shouting distance of this marker); The Yard: A Busy Place (within shouting distance of this marker); Toil Without Choice at Ellwood (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Locust Grove.
Also see . . .
1. Old Marker at this Location. This marker replaced an older
Ellwood image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Bradley Owen
3. Ellwood
one at this location also titled “Union Headquarters”. (Submitted on August 21, 2021.) 

2. Fredericksburg & Spotsylvania National Military Park. National Park Service (Submitted on August 21, 2021.) 
Credits. This page was last revised on August 22, 2021. It was originally submitted on August 21, 2021. This page has been viewed 93 times since then and 7 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on January 5, 2018, by Shane Oliver of Richmond, Virginia.   2. submitted on August 16, 2021, by J.T. Lambrou of New Boston, Michigan.   3. submitted on August 21, 2021, by Bradley Owen of Morgantown, West Virginia. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.

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Jan. 28, 2023