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Beechgrove in Coffee County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
 

Tullahoma Campaign

June 24 - July 4, 1863

— Anatomy of a Campaign —

 
 
Tullahoma Campaign Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Darren Jefferson Clay, August 29, 2021
1. Tullahoma Campaign Marker
Inscription.  In late June of 1863, Union Major General William S. Rosecrans launched a massive offensive from his base in Murfreesboro in an attempt to drive Confederate General Braxton Bragg's 43,000-man Army of Tennessee from its entrenchments at Shelbyville and Wartrace and possibly out of the state. The Union commander planned to capture Chattanooga and, in his words, rescue loyal East Tennessee from the hands of the rebels. The campaign was bold and swift, with relatively few engagements. By July 4th, the Union's Army of the Cumberland, 70,000 strong, had forced a Confederate retreat to Chattanooga, leaving nearly all of Tennessee in Union hands.

Advance to Manchester
To maneuver Bragg out of his Shelbyville trenches, Rosecrans divided his army into four independent columns.

The first column, under Major General Gordon Granger, advanced south from Murfreesboro, down what is today US 231, to threaten the main Confederate infantry at Shelbyville. The second, led by Major General Alexander McCook, moved south, through Liberty Gap. The third column, lead by Major General George Thomas, marched southeast, down the Manchester
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Pike (US 41), the main road to Chattanooga. A fourth column, commanded by Major General Thomas L. Crittenden, advanced due east along the McMinnville Turnpike (US 70) before turning south to cross the Highland Rim below Bradyville, at Gillie’s Gap.

Rosecran's goal was to get the bulk of his army to Manchester, then push on to here, Tullahoma. Bragg would then be forced to retreat or fight a battle on ground of Rosecran's choosing. Only rain and the poor conditions of the roads slowed the Union advance. By the evening of June 27, the Union held Shelbyville and Manchester. Bragg's army narrowly escaped to take up positions around Tullahoma.

(captions)
(upper right) Confederate General Braxton Bragg; Union Major General William S. Rosecrans
(left) Granger; McCook; Thomas; Crittenden
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. A significant historical year for this entry is 1863.
 
Location. 35° 37.557′ N, 86° 14.495′ W. Marker is unreadable. Marker is in Beechgrove, Tennessee, in Coffee County. Marker is on Confederate Cemetery Road, 0.3 miles west of Old U.S. 41, on the right when traveling north. Located in the Beech Grove Confederate Cemetery. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 138 Confederate Cemetery Rd, Beechgrove TN 37018, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this location. A different marker also named Tullahoma Campaign
Tullahoma Campaign Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Darren Jefferson Clay, August 29, 2021
2. Tullahoma Campaign Marker
(here, next to this marker); a different marker also named Tullahoma Campaign (here, next to this marker); Confederate 1st/3rd Kentucky Calvalry (here, next to this marker); 20th Tennessee Volunteer Infantry (a few steps from this marker); Confederate Cemetery (within shouting distance of this marker); Pledge to the South (within shouting distance of this marker); 18th Indiana Battery (within shouting distance of this marker); General A. P. Stewart's Division (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Beechgrove.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on September 2, 2021. It was originally submitted on September 2, 2021, by Darren Jefferson Clay of Duluth, Georgia. This page has been viewed 172 times since then and 9 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on September 2, 2021, by Darren Jefferson Clay of Duluth, Georgia. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.

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Feb. 29, 2024