“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Alice in Jim Wells County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)

Jose de Escandon

Father of South Texas

Jose de Escandon Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Larry D. Moore, August 27, 2021
1. Jose de Escandon Marker

A native of Northern Spain, Jose de Escandon (1700 - 1770) came to New Spain (Mexico) at the age of fifteen where he joined a cavalry force in the Yucatan as a cadet. He pursued a military career, pacifying an uprising of 10,000 Indians at Queretaro in 1734. His military achievements prompted the highest court in New Spain to name him governor of a large unexplored province in the Gulf Coast that extended from Tampico Mexico to the San Antonio River in present day Texas. Spain's objectives in settling the Gulf Coast were to christianize the natives and to prevent English and French entry. After completing exploration in 1747, Escandon began colonization in December 1748. He named the new province Nuevo Santander in honor of his birthplace, and promptly founded twenty-one settlements. Escandon's colonizers of Camargo, Reynosa, Revilla, Mier, Rancho Dolores and Laredo received large land grants in what is now South Texas. These hard settlers, with the help of their vaqueros, introduced the ranching industry to the United States. The American cowboy adopted the vaquero's skills, attire, equipment and many of the trade's words. Today, the
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ranching and vaquero legacies are symbols of the American West. Proud descendants of Escandon's pioneers are now ranchers, entrepreneurs, professionals and political leaders across Texas and beyond.
Erected 1999.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Settlements & Settlers. A significant historical month for this entry is December 1748.
Location. 27° 44.95′ N, 98° 4.42′ W. Marker is in Alice, Texas, in Jim Wells County. Marker is on San Diego Street west of South Reynolds Street, on the right when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Alice TX 78333, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. McGill Brothers Building (within shouting distance of this marker); First Presbyterian Church of Alice (about 700 feet away, measured in a direct line); First United Methodist Church (approx. 0.2 miles away); Alice (approx. ¼ mile away); First Baptist Church of Alice (approx. ¼ mile away); Jim Wells County Courthouse (approx. 0.3 miles away); Jim Wells County (approx. ¾ mile away); Alice Cemetery (approx. 0.8 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Alice.
Jose de Escandon Marker Area image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Larry D. Moore, August 27, 2021
2. Jose de Escandon Marker Area
Statue of Jose de Escandon image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Larry D. Moore, August 27, 2021
3. Statue of Jose de Escandon
Credits. This page was last revised on September 3, 2021. It was originally submitted on September 3, 2021, by Larry D. Moore of Del Valle, Texas. This page has been viewed 338 times since then and 62 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on September 3, 2021, by Larry D. Moore of Del Valle, Texas.

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Apr. 23, 2024