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Montgomery in Montgomery County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)
 

Great Depression / New Deal

 
 
Great Depression Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Mark Hilton, September 26, 2021
1. Great Depression Marker
Inscription.  
Great Depression
The U.S. economy collapsed in late 1929, triggering a national crisis. Alabama's rural residents had weathered hardship for decades. Now urban workers and professionals also faced economic ruin. Businesses closed, factories shut down, and banks failed. Unemployment soared. Cotton prices and farm income fell to record lows. Half of the state's mines and mills closed. Many Alabamians struggled just to survive.

The Depression affected people regardless of race, class, or occupation. As local aid efforts failed and suffering deepened, people turned to the state and federal governments for help.

“Issue a proclamation to all individuals, partnerships, corporations, and municipalities of Alabama requesting that no employee be dismissed from employment but instead... that wages be cut...or days be reduced.”
Elba Lions Club to Governor Benjamin Miller,
September 5, 1931


“Hundreds of people are starving, slowly starving in my district and in many other parts of the country. The situation is desperate."
Congressman George Huddleston of Birmingham,
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January 1932
New Deal
In 1933, President Franklin D. Roosevelt proposed the New Deal, a series of federal relief, recovery, and reform measures. The programs provided jobs and assistance for hundreds of thousands of Alabamians and gave the state new roads, buildings, and recreational areas. The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) transformed north Alabama through the damming of rivers and the generation of electricity made available to homes, farms, schools, and new industries throughout the region.

Many idolized Roosevelt as a result. Detractors believed that New Deal programs were too costly and an intrusion of the federal government into daily life.

Alabama's congressional delegation was one of the most influential of any state. Chairs of key committees, they championed New Deal programs to bring federal funds to Alabama and improve conditions at home.

In the fall of 1939, linemen brought electricity to residents of rural Marshall County after construction of the Guntersville Dam and its hydroelectric plant.
 
Erected 2019 by the Alabama Bicentennial Commission.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Government & Politics. A significant historical month for this entry is January 1932.
 
Location. 32° 22.64′ N, 86° 
New Deal Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Mark Hilton, September 26, 2021
2. New Deal Marker
18.113′ W. Marker is in Montgomery, Alabama, in Montgomery County. Marker can be reached from Dexter Avenue east of Decatur Street, on the right when traveling east. Located in Alabama Bicentennial Park in front of the Alabama Attorney General's Building. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 500 Dexter Ave, Montgomery AL 36130, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Rural Life / Agricultural Economy (a few steps from this marker); World War II / Defense Economy (a few steps from this marker); Professor John Metcalfe Starke / Starke University School (a few steps from this marker); Segregation / Civil Rights (a few steps from this marker); Populism / 1901 Constitution (a few steps from this marker); Made in Alabama / Space Race (within shouting distance of this marker); Globalization / 21st Century Economy (within shouting distance of this marker); Thousands Protest at the Seat of Government (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Montgomery.
 
Marker with Alabama State Capitol in background. image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Mark Hilton, September 26, 2021
3. Marker with Alabama State Capitol in background.
Closeup of bronze relief sculpture on marker. image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Mark Hilton, September 26, 2021
4. Closeup of bronze relief sculpture on marker.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on September 27, 2021. It was originally submitted on September 27, 2021, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 545 times since then and 56 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on September 27, 2021, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.

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Mar. 4, 2024