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Anaconda in Deer Lodge County, Montana — The American West (Mountains)
 

(Anaconda) Commercial Historic District

 
 
(Anaconda) Commercial Historic District Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Barry Swackhamer, July 11, 2021
1. (Anaconda) Commercial Historic District Marker
Inscription.  Backed by the powerful San Francisco syndicate of Hearst, Haggin and Tevis, Marcus Daly built the world’s largest smelter (combined upper and lower works) on Warm Springs Creek between 1883 and 1889. Along with the smelters, Daly envisioned a substantial city and filed the original townsite plat June 25, 1883. While smelter construction got underway that summer, people arrived faster than building supplies. The first boarding houses and saloons opened in tents. A railroad spur soon linked the town to the Anaconda Mine in Butte. By the time the furnaces of the Upper Works fired up in the fall of 1884, Anaconda’s 80 buildings included seven hotels and boarding houses and twelve saloons. At the end of 1885, Anaconda’s reduction works had a payroll of 1,700. The Anaconda Copper Mining Company dominated the local economy. Company subsidiaries built and maintained the city water supply, electric power system, and street railway. Daly and his associates established key commercial enterprises including the major bank, retailer D. J. Hennessy’s local company store, a race track, the highly acclaimed Montana Standard, and the Montana Hotel. Modeled after
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New York City’s Hoffman House, this premier hotel represented Daly’s political ambition as he promoted Anaconda in the race for state capital. Daly was bitterly disappointed when the city lost the capital race in 1894, but Anaconda survived as a vibrant piece of the Montana mosaic. Significant for its labor history and ethnic diversity, this unique company town was a place where private enterprise also flourished. Elaborate Victorian-era business blocks and the more utilitarian façades of the early twentieth century are testimony to a vigorous business community.
 
Erected by Montana Historical Society.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Industry & CommerceNotable Buildings. In addition, it is included in the Montana National Register Sign Program series list.
 
Location. 46° 7.736′ N, 112° 56.981′ W. Marker is in Anaconda, Montana, in Deer Lodge County. Marker is on East Park Avenue (State Highway 1) near Cherry Street, on the left when traveling east. The marker is located at the Anaconda Chamber of Commerce. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 306 East Park Avenue, Anaconda MT 59711, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Davidson Building (within shouting distance of this marker); National Bank of Anaconda
(Anaconda) Commercial Historic District Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Barry Swackhamer, July 11, 2021
2. (Anaconda) Commercial Historic District Marker
(within shouting distance of this marker); Cohen Block/Park Motors (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); St. Jean Block/Smiths Building (about 300 feet away); Parrot Block (about 300 feet away); 219 East Commercial Avenue (about 400 feet away); Schmidt Plumbing (about 400 feet away); 408 East Park Avenue (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Anaconda.
 
Anaconda Chamber of Commerce image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Barry Swackhamer, July 11, 2021
3. Anaconda Chamber of Commerce
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on October 11, 2021. It was originally submitted on October 11, 2021, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California. This page has been viewed 169 times since then and 15 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on October 11, 2021, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California.

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Apr. 22, 2024