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Shiloh in Hardin County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
 

Thousands of Wounded

— Shiloh National Military Park —

 
 
Thousands of Wounded Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Bernard Fisher, October 13, 2021
1. Thousands of Wounded Marker
Inscription.  After the fighting ended, medical officers from both armies faced caring for 16,420 wounded men. Army surgeons, assisted by civilian doctors and nurses, and hundreds of soldiers, struggled to provide effective medical care with limited resources. As was typical at the time, armies transported wounded soldiers off battlefields to nearby towns for care. Most of the 8,408 Union wounded went by steamboat to nearby Savannah, Tennessee, or even farther away to northern cities. Most of the 8,012 Confederate wounded went first to Mississippi. From Corinth, many were transported by rail to communities throughout the western Confederacy.

Limited transportation options forced Union medical officers to establish makeshift field hospitals on Shiloh battlefield. Here on the high ground surrounding the Cantrell farmhouse, Dr. Bernard Irwin set up a 300-patient tent hospital. Using the four-room house as the surgery station, Irwin had tents, bedding, and supplies confiscated from Union camps to equip this hastily crafted battlefield medical facility.

I desireto call the especial attention...to the admirable hospital arrangements adopted
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by Dr. Irwin, during the battle...They will be found as nearly perfect as the circumstances would allow.

Brigadier General William Nelson
4th Division, Army of the Ohio

(captions)
Irwin's tent hospital at Shiloh was a forerunner of modern mobile army surgical hospitals.

Dr. Bernard J.D Irwin learned from his experience at Shiloh. Triage on the field, rather than transporting the wounded, resulted in better patient response to treatment and more lives saved.

This Union fleld hospital in Virginia shows a scene similar to Shiloh and Corinth in the aftermath of the battle.

 
Erected by National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior. (Marker Number Stop 16.)
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Science & MedicineWar, US Civil. A significant historical month for this entry is April 1862.
 
Location. 35° 7.691′ N, 88° 19.555′ W. Marker is in Shiloh, Tennessee, in Hardin County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Hamburg Purdy Road and Hamburg Savannah Road, on the left when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Shiloh TN 38376, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Confederate Offense Stalls (here, next to this marker); Field Hospital (a few steps from this marker); 71st Ohio Infantry
Thousands of Wounded Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Bernard Fisher, October 13, 2021
2. Thousands of Wounded Marker
(a few steps from this marker); Stuart (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named 71st Ohio Infantry (within shouting distance of this marker); Jackson's Brigade (within shouting distance of this marker); Gage's Alabama Battery (about 700 feet away, measured in a direct line); Mann's Battery (about 700 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Shiloh.
 
Also see . . .  Shiloh National Military Park. National Park Service (Submitted on October 17, 2021.) 
 
Site of Union Field Hospital image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Bernard Fisher, October 13, 2021
3. Site of Union Field Hospital
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on October 17, 2021. It was originally submitted on October 17, 2021, by Bernard Fisher of Richmond, Virginia. This page has been viewed 91 times since then and 3 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on October 17, 2021, by Bernard Fisher of Richmond, Virginia.

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