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Havre de Grace in Harford County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Carter-Archer House

Gen. James J. Archer Birthplace

 
 
Carter-Archer House Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Adam Margolis, August 14, 2021
1. Carter-Archer House Marker
Inscription.  James J. Archer was born here at the Carter-Archer house on December 18, 1817, the eighth of John and Ann Stump Archer's eleven children. James Archer graduated Princeton in 1835, attended Bacon College in Kentucky, and studied law at the University of Maryland. He practiced law in 1847, when he was commissioned a captain in the U.S. Army during the Mexican War (1846-1848). He was cited for "meritorious conduct" at the Battle of Chapultepec (Sept. 12-13, 1847) and brevetted to major.

Archer returned to civilian life after the war, but rejoined the army in 1855, serving in Washington and Oregon until the outbreak of the Civil War. He resigned his commission and joined the Confederacy, rising from the rank of captain through colonel and then brigadier general. He commanded at various times soldiers from Texas, Alabama, Georgia, and Tennessee. Archer and his troops served with distinction in the Peninsula Campaign, the battles of Cedar Mountain and Second Manassas, Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's siege of Harpers Ferry, and the battles of Antietam, Fredericksburg, and Chancellorsville.

Archer led some of the first Confederates
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engaged at the Battle of Gettysburg. One of his men fired the shot that killed Union Gen. John Reynolds. While Archer's men were being pressed back, he was captured. Archer was chronically ill for most of the war, and a year's imprisonment at Johnson's Island, Ohio, ruined what was left of his health.

After being exchanged, he rejoined the army briefly but died on October 24, 1864, in Richmond and was buried there in Hollywood Cemetery.

(sidebar)
John Carter, a partner of John Stump in the nearby Rock Run Mill, completed the Carter-Archer House in 1804. When Carter died the next year, the house passed to Stump's daughter Ann, wife of Dr. John Archer. It was here that James Jay Archer was born. Other buildings here include a privy, barn, springhouse, mill, miller's house, and bridge tollhouse.

(caption) Carter-Archer House, ca. 1870 and Gen. James J. Archer (inset) - Courtesy Susquehanna State Park
 
Erected by Maryland Civil War Trails.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Maryland Civil War Trails series list.
 
Location. 39° 36.451′ N, 76° 8.602′ W. Marker is in Havre de Grace, Maryland
Carter-Archer House Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Adam Margolis, August 14, 2021
2. Carter-Archer House Marker
, in Harford County. Marker can be reached from Rock Run Road, 0.1 miles east of Wilkinson Road, on the right when traveling east. Located in Susquehanna State Park. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 4188 Wilkinson Rd, Havre de Grace MD 21078, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Spring House (a few steps from this marker); Miller's House (within shouting distance of this marker); Rock Run (within shouting distance of this marker); Rock Run Landing (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Toll House & Tidewater Canal (about 300 feet away); Rock Run Mill (about 400 feet away); Tollhouse and Covered Bridge at Rock Run (about 400 feet away); Explore Your Chesapeake (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Havre de Grace.
 
Also see . . .  Susquehanna State Park - History. Maryland Department of Natural Resources (Submitted on August 16, 2021.) 
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on October 21, 2021. It was originally submitted on August 14, 2021, by Adam Margolis of Mission Viejo, California. This page has been viewed 542 times since then and 22 times this year. Last updated on October 21, 2021, by Carl Gordon Moore Jr. of North East, Maryland. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on August 14, 2021, by Adam Margolis of Mission Viejo, California. • Mark Hilton was the editor who published this page.

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Feb. 24, 2024