Near Amargosa Valley in Nye County, Nevada — The American Mountains (Southwest)
Cultural Clues to the Past
Why are there holes in the limestone? They're not old fence posts, or dinosaur footprints, but the place where Native Americans ground mesquite beans into flour. The whole pod was ground up and pounded to powder with a blunt sturdy piece of mesquite or a suitable rock, forming the depressions that you see here.
Traditionally, native peoples have collected and used a wide variety of plants in this region for food, medicine, clothing, tools, and many other uses. Still today, tribal members have a strong interest toward the care and stewardship of these plants and retain the right to gather on their ancestral lands.
Mesquite pods were an especially important food source for native desert peoples. Scientists now know that mesquite flour is rich in calcium, magnesium, potassium, iron, zinc, and the essential amino acid, lysine, which we cannot synthesize. Lysine is key to muscle building and aids in recovery from injury or surgery.
Wild grapes commonly grow by springs throughout the Refuge. Traditionally, grapes were eaten raw or dried, and stored for year-round consumption.
Topics. Native Americans • Natural Resources.
Location. 36° 24.079′ N, 116° 16.367′ W. Marker is near Amargosa Valley, Nevada, in Nye County. Marker can be reached from Point of Rocks Road, 1˝ miles east of Spring/Ash Meadows Road. Located in Ash Meadows National Wildlife Refuge, at Point of Rocks, along a half-mile loop walk. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Amargosa Valley NV 89020, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 6 other markers are within 11 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A Changing Landscape (approx. 0.2 miles away); Jack's Stone Cabin (approx. 5˝ miles away); Jack Longstreet (approx. 8.4 miles away); Amargosa Valley's Clay Industry (approx. 8.4 miles away); Amargosa Opera House (approx. 10˝ miles away in California); Death Valley Junction (approx. 10˝ miles away in California).
Also see . . . Ash Meadows National Wildlife Refuge. (Submitted on October 28, 2021.)
Credits. This page was last revised on October 28, 2021. It was originally submitted on October 28, 2021, by Craig Baker of Sylmar, California. This page has been viewed 214 times since then and 25 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on October 28, 2021, by Craig Baker of Sylmar, California.