Gilroy in Santa Clara County, California — The American West (Pacific Coastal)
Pioneering Murphy Family
Charting a course of their own to become founders of Santa Clara Valley
In 1844, Martin Murphy Sr. brought his large, Irish family across the continent in the Stephens-Murphy-Townsend overland part. Their determination, optimism and close family bonds helped them cross rugged terrain and become founders of early Santa Clara Valley.
In 1846, Martin Murphy, Sr. made his way to Santa Clara Valley and established his homestead. For $1500 he purchased the 9000-acre Rancho Ojo del Agua de la Coche, named for its many springs. Murphy’s ranch and hospitality created a welcome resting place for many travelers. Later the town of San Martin would grow up around the ranch and be named in honor of Murphy’s patron saint.
Murphy’s sons, John and Daniel, struck gold in the Sierras in 1849, but made their fortunes selling dry goods to the miners. The town they established bears the family name – Murphys. John became a prominent San Jose citizen, as treasurer, coroner, and sheriff for the newly formed County of Santa Clara. In 1854, Daniel took over the operation of Murphy Sr.’s ranch. He began purchasing cattle and land.
After Dan Murphy died his property was subdivided and changed hands several times. The Harvey Bear family bought property to graze cattle. In 1997, the Bear family sold 4,445-acres to the Santa Clara Parks and Recreation Department. The former Ojo del Agua Rancho lands have been added to Coyote Lake-Harvey Bear Ranch County Park.
The historic Murphy homestead, pictured at left, once stood on the Bear Ranch property. Today, cattle still graze the parklands to fight weeds and reduce fire danger.
Erected by Santa Clara County Parks Department.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Agriculture • Industry & Commerce • Settlements & Settlers.
Location. 37° 5.968′ N, 121° 34.524′ W. Marker is in Gilroy, California, in Santa Clara County. Marker can be reached from San Martin Avenue 2 miles east of U.S. 101. Marker is located at the Trailhead at the Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: San Jose CA 95120, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 5 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Coyote Lake – Harvey Bear Ranch County Park (here, next to this marker); Community of San Martin (approx. 2.2 miles away); Rucker School Historical Site 1894 (approx. 3.2 miles away); Franklin Family Ranch (approx. 3.4 miles away); Site of 21-Mile House (approx. 3.9 miles away); John Page House (approx. 4.6 miles away); Waiting For The Train (approx. 4.6 miles away); Morgan Hill United Methodist Church (approx. 4.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Gilroy.
Regarding Pioneering Murphy Family. Also see: “Community of San Martin” and “Coyote Lake-Harvey Bear Ranch County Park” markers for additional information regarding the Murphy family.
Also see . . .
1. The Stevens-Murphy-Townsend Party. The Martin Murphy party crossed the plains in 1844 to California. They were the first party to cross the Sierras in a covered wagon, the first to bring oxen across the plains and the first to use the route now used by Union and Pacific Railroads. The Donner party used the route two years later and Martin Murphy, Jr. was a member of the party who rescued them. (Submitted on May 2, 2009, by Syd Whittle of El Dorado Hills, California.)
2. Opening of the California Trail. The party arrived successfully in California, and in bringing wagons over the Sierra, they had opened the California Trail. (Submitted on May 2, 2009, by Syd Whittle of El Dorado Hills, California.)
Credits. This page was last revised on November 8, 2019. It was originally submitted on May 2, 2009, by Syd Whittle of El Dorado Hills, California. This page has been viewed 1,852 times since then and 30 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on May 2, 2009, by Syd Whittle of El Dorado Hills, California.