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Montpelier in Williams County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

Williams County Civil War Memorial

Civil War

— 1861 to 1865 —

 
 
Williams County Civil War Memorial image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Craig Doda, June 3, 2018
1. Williams County Civil War Memorial
Inscription.  The American Civil War

The American Civil War (1861-1865), often referred to as The Civil War in the United States was a civil war fought over the secession of the Confederacy. In response to tho election of an anti-slavery Republican as President, 11 southern slave states declared their secession from the United States and formed the Confederate States of America ("the Confederacy"): the other 25 states supported the federal government (the Union").

After four years of warfare, mostly within the Southern states, the Confederacy surrendered and slavery was outlawed everywhere In the nation. Issues that led to war were partially resolved in the Reconstruction Era that followed, though others remained unresolved, In the presidential election of 1860, the Republican Party. led by Abraham Lincoln, had campaigned against expanding slavery beyond the states in which It already existed.

The Republicans strongly advocated nationalism, and in their 1860 platform they denounced threats of disunion as avowals of treason. After a Republican victory, but before the new administration took office on March 4, 1861,
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seven cotton states declared their secession and joined to form the Confederate States of America Both the outgoing administration of President James Buchanan and the incoming administration rejected the legality of secession, considering It rebellion. The other eight favor states rejected called for secession at this point. No country In the world recognized the Confederacy, Hostilities began on April 12, 1861, when Confederate forces attacked a U.S. military installation at Fort Sumter in South Carolina, Lincoln responded by calling for a volunteer army from each state to recapture federal property, which led to declarations secession by four more slave states. Both sides raised armies as the Union seldom control of the border states early in the war and established a naval blockade. Land warfare in the East was Inconclusive in 1861-62, as the Confederacy beat back Union efforts to capture Its capital, Richmond, Virginia, notably during the Peninsular Campaign. In September 1862, the Confederate campaign in Maryland ended in defeat at the Battle of Antietam. which dissuaded the British from intervening, Days after that battle, Lincoln Issued the Emancipation Proclamation, which made ending slavery a war goal. In 1863, Confederate general Robert E. Lee's northward advance ended in defeat at the Battle of Gettysburg. To the west, the Union gained control of tho Mississippi River
Williams County Civil War Memorial image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Craig Doda, June 3, 2018
2. Williams County Civil War Memorial
after the Battle of Shiloh and Siege of Vicksburg, splitting the Confederacy in two and destroying much of their western army. Due to his western successes, Ulysses S. Grant was given command of the eastern army in 1864. and organized the armies of William Tecumseh Sherman, Philip Sheridan and others to attack the Confederacy from all directions, increasing the North's advantage in manpower Grant restructured the union army, and put other generals in command of divisions of the army that were to support his push into Virginia. He fought several battles of attrition against Lee through the Overland Campaign to seize Richmond, though In the face of fierce resistance he altered his plans and led the Siege of Petersburg which nearly finished off the rest of Lee's army. Meanwhile, Sherman captured Atlanta and marched to the sea, destroying Confederate Infrastructure along the way. When the Confederate attempt to defend Petersburg failed the Confederate army retreated but was pursued and defeated, which resulted in Lee's surrender to Grant at Appomattox Court House on April9, 1865 The American Civil War was one of the earliest true industrial wars. Railroads, the telegraph, steamships, and mass-produced weapons were employed extensively. The practices of total war, developed by Sherman In Georgia, and of trench warfare around Petersburg foreshadowed World War I in Europe. It remains
Williams County Civil War Memorial image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Craig Doda, June 3, 2018
3. Williams County Civil War Memorial
the deadliest war in American history, resulting in the deaths of an estimated 750.000 soldiers and an undetermined number of civilian casualties. Historian John Huddleston estimates the death toll at ten percent of all Northern males 20-45 years old, and 30 percent of all Southern white males aged 18-40. Victory for the North meant the end of the Confederacy and of slavery in the United States, and strengthened the role of the federal government. The social, political, economic and racial issues of the war decisively shaped the reconstruction era that lasted to 1877.
 
Topics. This memorial is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil.
 
Location. 41° 35.252′ N, 84° 35.849′ W. Marker is in Montpelier, Ohio, in Williams County. Memorial can be reached from East Main Street (Ohio Route 107) west of Lincoln Avenue, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 875 E Main St, Montpelier OH 43543, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Williams County World War II Memorial (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named Williams County World War II Memorial (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named Williams County World War II Memorial (a few steps from this marker); Veterans Memorial (a few steps
Williams County Civil War Memorial image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Craig Doda, June 3, 2018
4. Williams County Civil War Memorial
from this marker); Peace Keeping & Cold War Service Memorial (a few steps from this marker); Williams County Korean War Memorial (a few steps from this marker); The Great War (a few steps from this marker); Williams County Vietnam War Memorial (a few steps from this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Montpelier.
 
Williams County Civil War Memorial image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Craig Doda, June 3, 2018
5. Williams County Civil War Memorial
Williams County Civil War Memorial image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Craig Doda, June 3, 2018
6. Williams County Civil War Memorial
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on November 11, 2021. It was originally submitted on November 10, 2021, by Craig Doda of Napoleon, Ohio. This page has been viewed 128 times since then and 5 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on November 10, 2021, by Craig Doda of Napoleon, Ohio. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.

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Mar. 3, 2024