“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Newberry in Alachua County, Florida — The American South (South Atlantic)

Lynching in America / Racial Terror Lynchings in Newberry

Community Remembrance Project

Lynching in America side of Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Tim Fillmon, November 17, 2021
1. Lynching in America side of Marker
Lynching in America
Between 1877 and 1950, thousands of African Americans were the victims of lynching and racial violence in the United States. Florida had one of the highest per capita lynching rates in the nation, with dozens of racial terror lynchings documented in Alachua County. The lynching of African Americans during this era was a form of racial terrorism used to intimidate Black people and enforce racial hierarchy and segregation. After the Civil War, white people resistant to equal rights and hoping to maintain racial hierarchy attacked and lynched Black women, men, and children for asserting their rights, leaving plantations, participating in politics, working toward economic independence, violating white social customs, being accused of crimes, or for sheer racial terror that was random and arbitrary. These acts of violence were accommodated by courts, law enforcement, and white officials in Newberry who did little to protect Black people's constitutional rights or to hold mod participants accountable. Florida has at least 317 documented victims of racial terror lynchings between 1877 and 1950, dozens
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of whom were lynched in Alachua County. The area where you now stand is often referred to as "Lynch Hammock" or "Hangman's Island" due to the many racial terror lynchings that occurred here. This marker reminds is of the racial terror that took place in Newberry and honors all of the known and unknown lynching victims in this community.

Racial Terror Lynchings in Newberry
After the Civil War, emancipated Black people in Alachua County bought their own land and established a rural farming community from Jonesville to Newberry with farms, churches, a school, and local businesses. Many white residents were violently resistant to racial equality and terrorized Black people to enforce Jim Crow segregation and racial hierarchy. On September 1, 1902, a mob of 300 white men seized two Black mine workers, Manny Price and Robert Scruggs, from law enforcement, hanged them and riddled their bodies with bullets. Fourteen years later, in August 18 and 19, 1916, white mobs including a state senator, a local sheriff, community leaders, and well-known citizens lynched six Black men and women from Jonesville after a Black farmer was accused of mortally wounding a Newberry constable. A mob abducted Jim Dennis from his home and shot him to death, and another mob hanged Bert Dennis, Mary Dennis, Stella Young, Andrew McHenry, and Reverend Josh Baskin here in "Lynch
Racial Terror Lynchings in Newberry side of marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Tim Fillmon, November 17, 2021
2. Racial Terror Lynchings in Newberry side of marker
Hammock." These events are often referred to as "The Newberry Six" lynchings, but oral history suggests that a Black man named Dick Johnson and two unidentified Black victims were also lynched during this bloody weekend. Seven years later, during the racial terror of the Rosewood Massacre, a white mob abducted Abraham Wilson from jail on January 17, 1923 and also lynched him here in "Lynch Hammock." In none of these lynchings was anyone held accountable.
Erected 2021 by Alachua County Community Remembrance Project - Equal Justice Initiative.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: African AmericansCivil RightsLaw Enforcement. In addition, it is included in the Lynching in America series list. A significant historical date for this entry is September 1, 1902.
Location. 29° 39.219′ N, 82° 36.109′ W. Marker is in Newberry, Florida, in Alachua County. Marker is at the intersection of Newberry Lane and NW 245 Street, on the left when traveling west on Newberry Lane. Located in Freddie Warmack Park. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 24505 Newberry Ln, Newberry FL 32669, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 10 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Newberry Community Veterans Memorial (approx. 0.8 miles away); City of Newberry Historic District (approx. 0.8 miles away); Newberry, Florida
Racial Terror Lynchings in Newberry/Lynching in America Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Tim Fillmon, November 17, 2021
3. Racial Terror Lynchings in Newberry/Lynching in America Marker
(approx. 0.8 miles away); Little Red Schoolhouse (approx. one mile away); William Bartram Trail (approx. 1.1 miles away); The Newberry Lynchings of 1916 (approx. 5.1 miles away); St. Peter Cemetery of Archer (approx. 7.1 miles away); David Levy Yulee and Cotton Wood Plantation (approx. 9.7 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Newberry.
Also see . . .  Marker Dedication. (Submitted on November 22, 2021, by Tim Fillmon of Webster, Florida.)
Credits. This page was last revised on November 22, 2021. It was originally submitted on November 21, 2021, by Tim Fillmon of Webster, Florida. This page has been viewed 507 times since then and 330 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on November 21, 2021, by Tim Fillmon of Webster, Florida.

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Oct. 2, 2023