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Franklin in Williamson County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
 

The Carter Farm

1st Kentucky Light Artillery Battery

 
 
The Carter Farm Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Larry Gertner, June 16, 2019
1. The Carter Farm Marker
Inscription.  You are standing where the 1st Kentucky Light Artillery Battery (US) was posted during the battle, staring down the Confederate advance. The battery was organized in September 1861 under Capt. David Stone and consisted of four three-inch rifled guns. By late 1864, Capt. Theodore S. Thomasson commanded the battery, and infantrymen took the places of the artillerists who had mustered out when their three-year service terms expired.

During the Battle of Franklin on November 30, 1864, Thomasson moved two guns into position here in the main Federal line about noon. The other two guns joined them two hours later. The battery faced southwest to sweep the Confederate approaches, and three 100th Ohio Infantry companies supported it. When the Confederates advanced soon after 4 P.M., Thomasson’s guns roared into action, shelling the Southerners “about 1,700 yards” distant. The gunners ceased fire, however, when two Union brigades on the advanced line retreated toward them in the face of the Confederate attack. Suddenly, two Confederate divisions breached the main Federal line and briefly overran the battery, whose men were “driven from their
The Carter Farm Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Larry Gertner, June 16, 2019
2. The Carter Farm Marker
Carter Gin Site and Park - The marker is at the start of the curve on the path.
Click or scan to see
this page online
posts.”

A Federal counterassault quickly pushed the Confederates back in hand-to-hand fighting. The 1st Kentucky gunners regrouped and unleashed a steady stream of “canister and shell” into the enemy troops for two hours, then over another two hours reduced their rate of fire. During the battle the battery fired 107 rounds and suffered fifteen casualties. It was engaged at the Battle of Nashville two weeks later. It concluded its service in Texas in the summer of 1865 and the men were discharged.
 
Erected by Tennessee Historical Commission, Historic Franklin Parks.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. A significant historical date for this entry is November 30, 1864.
 
Location. 35° 54.977′ N, 86° 52.374′ W. Marker is in Franklin, Tennessee, in Williamson County. Marker is at the intersection of Columbia Avenue (Business U.S. 31) and Strahl Street, on the right when traveling north on Columbia Avenue. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: Carter Gin Site and Park, Franklin TN 37064, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named The Carter Farm (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named The Carter Farm (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named The Carter Farm (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker
Inset image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Larry Gertner, June 16, 2019
3. Inset
Canister shot
also named The Carter Farm (within shouting distance of this marker); Main Entrenchment Federal Battle Line (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named The Carter Farm (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named The Carter Farm (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named The Carter Farm (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Franklin.
 
Inset image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Larry Gertner, June 16, 2019
4. Inset
Canister and grape shot
Richmond, Virginia. A light Brooke rifle. (3-inch gun) image. Click for full size.
Library of Congress [LC-B811-3193A], April 1865
5. Richmond, Virginia. A light Brooke rifle. (3-inch gun)
4-gun battery had about 70 men and 45 horses. (This illustration shows a 10-pound Parrot gun, not the 3-inch Ordinance rifles used by the battery.)
1st Kentucky Light Artillery Battery image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Larry Gertner, June 16, 2019
6. 1st Kentucky Light Artillery Battery
Only 3 of the battery's 4 3" Ordinance rifles are present here, along with one limber. A fourth gun has been displayed separately on the Carter House grounds for years.
Artillery limber image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Larry Gertner, June 16, 2019
7. Artillery limber
The limber held a limited amount of ordinance for a fieldpiece. For transport, a gun was secured to a limber, which was then attached to a horse-drawn caisson.
3" Ordinance Rifle image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Larry Gertner, May 22, 2017
8. 3" Ordinance Rifle
Across the street at the Carter Farm State Historic Site
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on December 17, 2021. It was originally submitted on September 8, 2019, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York. This page has been viewed 117 times since then and 18 times this year. Last updated on December 16, 2021, by Bradley Owen of Morgantown, West Virginia. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on September 8, 2019, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York.   5. submitted on September 8, 2019.   6, 7, 8. submitted on September 8, 2019, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York. • J. Makali Bruton was the editor who published this page.

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Oct. 7, 2022