St. Simons Island in Glynn County, Georgia — The American South (South Atlantic)
Frederica - Indian Interpreter
Mary Musgrove Matthews " has always been in great esteen with the General,... for being half Indian by extract, she had a very great influence upon many of them, particulary the Creek Nation...."
William Stephens February 22, 1740
In 1743, Mary Musgrove Matthews, General Oglethorpe's Indian interpreter, lived on this lot. She had a good house made of tabby- a type of concrete made with water, sand, lime, and oyster shells.
The daughter of a white trader and a Creek Indian mother, Mary left the Indians at the age of 10 to receive a Christian education in South Carolina. A skillful interpreter, negotiator, and trader, she helped Oglethorpe win the friendship and support of the Indians.
Erected by National Park Service.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Colonial Era • Native Americans • Settlements & Settlers. A significant historical date for this entry is February 22, 1839.
Location. 31° 13.408′ N, 81° 23.478′ W. Marker is in St. Simons Island, Georgia, in Glynn County. Marker can be reached Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Saint Simons Island GA 31522, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Frederica — Destroyed by Fire (a few steps from this marker); Frederica — Carpenter and Oarmaker (within shouting distance of this marker); Frederica - Candlemaker (within shouting distance of this marker); Patrick and Priscilla Houstoun (within shouting distance of this marker); A New House? (within shouting distance of this marker); Frederica - Huts and Houses (within shouting distance of this marker); Shoemaker and Soldier (within shouting distance of this marker); Tavernkeepers (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in St. Simons Island.
Regarding Frederica - Indian Interpreter. Mary Musgrove's work as Oglethorpe's interpreter, her trading posts, and her status among the Creeks, ensured that she was the largest landowner in colonial Georgia. (Fort Frederica National Monument, Georgia)
Also see . . . Mary Musgrove: Beloved Woman of the Creeks. Fort Frederica National Monument (Submitted on May 13, 2009, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.)
Credits. This page was last revised on November 23, 2020. It was originally submitted on May 12, 2009, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 817 times since then and 11 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on May 12, 2009, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.