“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Fannin in Goliad County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)

Remember Goliad!

Remember the Alamo!

Remember Goliad! Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By James Hulse, February 17, 2022
1. Remember Goliad! Marker
A tragic defeat ignited support for Texas independence

In 1836, a ferocious battle that shaped Texas history was waged on the open prairie where you stand today. On March 19, about 350 volunteer soldiers for Texas independence fought fiercely against a larger force of Mexican soldiers that surrounded them. Faced with inevitable defeat, the Texian commander, Colonel James Walker Fannin, agreed to lay down arms, believing his men would be treated as prisoners of war. But the Mexican commander was under strict orders from Mexican President General Santa Anna to execute enemy combatants as "pirates." After being taken to Goliad, Col. Fannin and his men were shot on Palm Sunday, March 27. Only a handful of men managed to escape.

The executions, and the earlier fall of the Alamo on March 6, galvanized support for independence. With the battle cry of "Remember the Alamo, Remember Goliad," Texians fought with renewed determination, winning a final victory over Santa Anna at the Battle of San Jacinto on April 21, 1836.

Upper Left: James Walker Fannin
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in 1804 in Georgia, Fannin attended the West Point Military Academy but never graduated. He led missions alongside Jim Bowie and was put in command of several battalions of Texas volunteers. Some historians may question the wisdom of his military decisions, but never his personal bravery.

Upper Middle: Santa Anna and the Tornel Decree
Mexican President General Antonio López de Santa Anna was infuriated by settlers in Texas from the United States and Europe who resisted his authority. In December 1835, he issued a decree declaring that all foreigners attacking Mexican forces would be deemed pirates and subject to execution.

Upper Right: Mexican General José Urréa
Mexican General José Urréa lost many men fighting Fannin's forces before the surrender. He later wrote, "Fannin was a gentleman, a man of courage... and if it had been in my hand to save him together with his companions, I would have gladly done so."

Center: Bloody Arm Flag
Designed by Goliad garrison commander, Captain Phillip Dimmitt.

Lower Left: Fannin Memorial Monument
Nearly two months after Texians won their independence in the Battle of San Jacinto, a grisly discovery was made. On June 3, 1836, Brigadier General Thomas Rusk found the remains of the more than 300 unarmed men executed by the Mexican
Remember Goliad! Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By James Hulse, February 17, 2022
2. Remember Goliad! Marker
army on March 27. A memorial to the slain was erected in 1936, it is located 9 miles west of where you are standing.

Images: William Speight; Texas Historical Commission; Illustrations: Howell Golson
Erected by Fannin Battleground State Historic Site.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Hispanic AmericansParks & Recreational AreasWar, Texas Independence. A significant historical date for this entry is March 19, 1836.
Location. 28° 41.142′ N, 97° 14.002′ W. Marker is in Fannin, Texas, in Goliad County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of State Park Road 27 and Farm to Market Road 2506. The marker is located on the western section of the Fannin Battleground State Historic Site. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 734 FM 2506, Fannin TX 77960, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Lest We Forget (within shouting distance of this marker); Fannin Battleground Memorial (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); A Site for the People (about 400 feet away); Battle of Coleto and Goliad Massacre (about 600 feet away); The Centennial (about 600 feet away); People Make a Park (about 600 feet away); From Battlefield to Picnic Grounds
The view of the Remember Goliad! Marker from the park image. Click for full size.
Photographed By James Hulse, February 17, 2022
3. The view of the Remember Goliad! Marker from the park
(about 600 feet away); Union Missionary Baptist Church (approx. half a mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Fannin.
More about this marker. The marker is located on the grounds of the Fannin Battleground State Historic Site and there is no entrance fee to access the park. It is free.
Also see . . .  Goliad Massacre.
The Goliad Massacre, the tragic termination of the Goliad Campaign of 1836, is of all the episodes of the Texas Revolution the most infamous. Though not as salient as the battle of the Alamo, the massacre immeasurably garnered support for the cause against Mexico both within Texas and in the United States, thus contributing greatly to the Texan victory at the battle of San Jacinto and sustaining the independence of the Republic of Texas. Source: The Handbook of Texas
(Submitted on February 20, 2022, by James Hulse of Medina, Texas.) 
James Walker Fannin image. Click for full size.
Photo from the marker - Howell Golson, February 17, 2022
4. James Walker Fannin
Credits. This page was last revised on February 20, 2022. It was originally submitted on February 20, 2022, by James Hulse of Medina, Texas. This page has been viewed 259 times since then and 17 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on February 20, 2022, by James Hulse of Medina, Texas.

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Feb. 23, 2024