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Hispanic Americans Topic

 
Tristan de Luna y Arellano Marker image, Touch for more information
By Jason Irick, July 15, 2019
Tristan de Luna y Arellano Marker
GEOGRAPHIC SORT WITH USA FIRST
1Alabama (Mobile County), Mobile — Tristan de Luna y Arellano1519–1573
Spanish conquistador who in the summer of 1559 led a large fleet to the northern Gulf Coast in the earliest grand attempt to colonize the area for Spain. He sailed into Mobile Bay in August 1559 with 11 ships, more than 500 soldiers, 1000 men, . . . — Map (db m136742) HM
2Arizona (Apache County), Springerville — 22 — Baca Home
Gregorio Baca bought this house from G. Becker in 1907 for his bride, Chona Ortega. It's walls are 16" thick adobe. The wealthy Bacas & Ortegas ran large herds of cattle & sheep on vast tracts of land in Concho, St. Johns & The R.V. area. — Map (db m36383) HM
3Arizona (Coconino County), Grand Canyon National Park — El Tovar HotelBegun 1903, Completed 1905
Named for Don Pedro de Tovar, the first European to visit the Hopi Indian villages in 1540, the hotel was constructed by Hopi Indian craftsmen at a cost of $250,000 employing logs shipped by train from Oregon and native Kaibab Limestone. The El . . . — Map (db m39477) HM
4Arizona (Coconino County), Marble Canyon — Dominguez y Escalante Expedition1776 - 1976 — Treacherous Descent —
Text from: Historical Markers with The Arizona Department of Transportation right of way. Prepared by: Roadside Development Section April 1, 1997 Fatigued by a thirty mile ride, the padres picked their way down the rocky north slope . . . — Map (db m39917) HM
5Arizona (Coconino County), Page — Crossing of the FathersDominguez y Escalante Expedition 1776-1976
Within sight of this place the Franciscan priests Dominguez and Escalante and their ten companions experienced two of the most difficult challenges among many along the 1,800 miles of their epic journey from the Spanish presidio at Santa Fe, New . . . — Map (db m40324) HM
6Arizona (Gila County), Miami — Bullion Plaza School
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places By the United States Department of the Interior Bullion Plaza School 1923 — Map (db m67493) HM
7Arizona (Mohave County), Littlefield — 121 — The Old Spanish Trail1829 - 1848
The Old Spanish Trail, the main trade route between Santa Fe and Los Angeles, passed this way beginning in 1829. At the end of the Mexican-American War this portion of the route evolved into what was variously known as the Salt Lake Road, the Mormon . . . — Map (db m78535) HM
8Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — August 20th Park
This park is a memorial to the founding of Tucson. On August 20, 1775, Lt. Col. Don Hugo Oconor, Commandant Inspector of the Frontier Provinces of New Spain, in the company of Fr. Francisco Garces and Lt. Juan Carmona officially established the . . . — Map (db m83011) HM
9Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Carlos Ygnacio Velasco House
This house dating from the 1870s was purchased by Carlos and Beatriz Velasco in 1878. In the same year, Velasco began publication of the newspaper "El Fronterizo," which continued until his death in 1914. This building was the office and print . . . — Map (db m150194) HM
10Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Chapel of San Pedro at Fort Lowell
A tiny chapel, built here in 1915, served the Barriada del Rillito, a community now called El Fuerte. The fifteen immigrant Mexican families of this village gathered outside under mesquite trees to hear Mass. In 1917, Señora Josefa de Mule donated . . . — Map (db m83018) HM
11Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — El Parque de Orlando y Diego Mendoza
English In 1981, two young brothers, Orlando and Diego Mendoza, died when a drunk driver ran a stop sign at this intersection hitting the car in which the two children were riding. Orlando was 2 years old; Diego was 17 months. The . . . — Map (db m83027) HM
12Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — El Tiradito(The Wishing Shrine)
This is the only shrine in the United States dedicated to the soul of a sinner buried in unconsecrated ground. It is affectionately called "El Tiradito"- the castaway. The many legends about its origin all involve a tragic triangle love affair in . . . — Map (db m83030) HM
13Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Garcés FootbridgePuente de Garcés — Historic Site —
Memorial to Francisco Garcés, explorer and first Franciscan missionary to the Pima village at the foot of Sentinel Peak. In 1770 Garcés and the Pimas constructed at that site the first substantial building in Tucson, a mission residence with two . . . — Map (db m83034) HM
14Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Jácome’s
[ Four markers are mounted to a four sided kiosk. ] Side A: Jácome’s Department Stores, Inc. 1896 – 1980 This area was the final location of Jácome’s Department Store from 1951 to 1980. For twenty-nine years the . . . — Map (db m40049) HM
15Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Leonardo Romero House
This house is named for its first known residents, living here in 1868. Although construction dates are not known, the Washington Street wing lies along the course of the Presidio wall, completed in 1783. Leonardo Romero, a carpenter whose shop . . . — Map (db m83203) HM
16Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Ochoa Street
Named during Arizona’s Territorial period to honor Estevan Ochoa (b.1831 – d.1888), whose ancestors arrived in Mexico with the Cortez expedition. He was born in Chihuahua, Mexico to a wealthy mining and ranching family. Before settling . . . — Map (db m70211) HM
17Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — One Story from the Barrio ViejoThe History of Room 6
1914 Room 6 (originally addressed 202 W. 18th Street, and later 709 S. 8th Avenue), on the southeast corner of the excavated row house on Lot 10 (see map), housed several businesses throughout its history. In 1914, it was a blacksmith shop, . . . — Map (db m57789) HM
18Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Plaza de la Mesilla
One of the few remaining sites which recall the Mexican heritage of Tucson, it acquired its name after the Gadsden Purchase (1854) as the terminus of the wagon road joining Tucson to the territorial capital, then at Mesilla. When San Agustin, the . . . — Map (db m83208) HM
19Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Plaza de las Armas
The largest plaza within the Spanish presidio of San Agustin del Tucson, founded in 1775, this area was originally used for military formations and drill. After construction of the first Pima County courthouse (1870), the name was changed to Court . . . — Map (db m83209) HM
20Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Plaza Militar
Once an open space, this area was within the original Spanish presidio. The plaza was probably named in the Mexican years (1821-1854), when soldiers drilled here. Saddle horses for the troops were stabled along the north side, next to the presidio . . . — Map (db m83210) HM
21Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Presidio Wall
This marker locates the northwest corner of the adobe wall which surrounded the Royal Spanish Presidio San Agustín del Tucson. In 1776 the new outpost was garrisoned by seventy Spanish cavalry troopers and Indian scouts, transferred from . . . — Map (db m83212) HM
22Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Presidio Wall Camino Real
Near this site was the southwest corner of the adobe wall that surrounded the Spanish Presidio, an enclosure of 11 ¼ acres which included most of the present city – county governmental complex and the Art Museum block. Tucson was the largest . . . — Map (db m83214) HM
23Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Sosa-Carillo-Frémont House
The earliest documents for this property indicate that the pioneering Sosa family lived here in the 1850s. In 1878, Manuela Sosa and her husband, Michael McKenna, sold the property to Jesús Suárez de Carrillo, wife of businessman Leopoldo Carrillo, . . . — Map (db m83228) HM
24Arizona (Pima County), Tucson — Teatro Carmen
Named for its founder, Carmen Soto Vásquez, this was one of the first theaters in Tucson devoted exclusively to the presentation of dramatic works in Spanish. From the opening night, May 20, 1915, with a performance of "Cerebro y . . . — Map (db m83233) HM
25Arizona (Pinal County), Florence — Elena Llescas House
Built for Pablo and Elena Llescas in the early 1860s, this single-story row house has two exterior walls not parallel with respect to the other walls. This indicates construction prior to the 1866 Ruggles Street Grid. This building is constructed on . . . — Map (db m26795) HM
26Arizona (Pinal County), Florence — Jesus Martinez House
Jesus Martinez, a farmer from New Mexico, began construction on this adobe house in 1872. Completed in 1880, the U-shaped building had a traditional Sonoran flat dirt roof and central patio enclosed on three sides. By 1890 the house was divided for . . . — Map (db m26683) HM
27Arizona (Pinal County), Florence — Manuel Robles House
Manuel Robles made the adobes and built this house in 1881. The single-story residence is an excellent example of a modified Sonoran-style rowhouse. Originally it was an L-shaped structure with a flat earth-filled roof, then about 1913 a flat metal . . . — Map (db m30403) HM
28Arizona (Pinal County), Kerny — Sonora, Arizona
Immigrant Mexican miners working for the Ray Consolidated Copper Company named the town of Sonora, built near here in 1911. It boomed as a thriving, dynamic community, rich in Mexican culture, language and traditions. In the mid-1950's, the company . . . — Map (db m34133) HM
29Arizona (Pinal County), Picacho — Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail / Camp 21: El Aquituni
Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail While the American Revolution brewed on the Atlantic Coast, Spain expanded its New World empire to protect California against the British and Russians. In 1774, Juan Bautista de Anza, commander . . . — Map (db m82941) HM
30Arizona (Santa Cruz County), Nogales — Montezuma Hotel
The Montezuma Hotel, sixty feet east of here, built in 1886, rebuilt twice, and closed in 1965, was the center of Nogales business and social life for more than half a century. The Office of owner George Christ, First U.S. Customs Collector of the . . . — Map (db m27082) HM
31California (Alameda County), Livermore — Joaquin Murrieta and Murrieta's Well
The legend of Joaquin Murrieta is one of the most enduring and fascinating of chapters in California history. Facts, fiction and romantic tales entangle to create a legend of unique aura that had become part of California's folklore, especially in . . . — Map (db m130947) HM
32California (Alameda County), Pleasanton — 510 — Francisco Solano Alviso Adobe
This building, erected in 1844-46 by Francisco Solano Alviso, was the first adobe house to be built in the Pleasanton Valley. It was originally called Alisal-The Sycamores. Following the Battle of Sunol Canyon, General John C. Frémont withdrew to . . . — Map (db m3558) HM
33California (Alameda County), San Leandro — Casa Peralta
Three descendants of land grant recipient Luís Maria Peralta lived in this home. In 1926, Herminia Peralta Dargie (pictured above) remodeled the home in the style of a Spanish villa. Tiles depict the story of Don Quixote, and adobe bricks saved from . . . — Map (db m26398) HM
34California (Alameda County), San Leandro — De Anza Expedition 1775 - 1776
Lt. Colonel Juan Bautista de Anza by decree of Carlos III of Spain led an expedition to this site – The mission being to colonize the San Francisco Bay Area. In the center of the marker is a circular motif, designed by Doris Birkland . . . — Map (db m26459) HM
35California (Alameda County), San Leandro — 279 — Estudillo Home
Site of the last home of José Joaquin Estudillo, grantee of Rancho San Leandro and his wife, Juana Martínez de Estudillo. It was built about 1850. The family founded San Leandro, built a hotel, and donated several lots, including the original site . . . — Map (db m100549) HM
36California (Amador County), Ione — Quincy - Ione's Sister City
Quincy, located approximately 1 1/2 miles east of here off Mule Creek, was one of the cities within the boundaries of Rancho Arroyo, or the grant, that suddenly appeared in the early 1850's. Don Andreas Pico purchased the grant from Teodosio . . . — Map (db m94747) HM
37California (Calaveras County), Calaveritas — 255 — Calaveritas
Calaveritas, settled in 1849 by Mexicans, was a flourishing mining town complete with stores, saloons, gambling houses, and fandango halls. Joaquin Murieta is reported to have frequently visited its Fandango Halls and gambling houses. Destroyed by . . . — Map (db m12992) HM
38California (Contra Costa County), Clayton — Joaquin Murrieta
Born in Mexico in 1832 the renowned "Robin Hood of the El Dorado" spent his early days in Californa working in Contra Costa County as a vaquero before turning bandit. Dedicated By Joaquin Murrieta Chapter No. 13 E Clampus Vitus November . . . — Map (db m24567) HM
39California (Contra Costa County), Concord — De Anza Expedition 1775-1776
Lt. Colonel Juan Bautista De Anza by decree of Carlos III of Spain led an expedition near this site - the mission being to colonize the San Francisco Bay Area — Map (db m155569) HM
40California (Contra Costa County), Concord — Dedicated to the Founders of Todos Santos1994
{pictured above on the marker (left to right), Don Fernando Pacheco, 1818-1884; Don Salvio Pacheco, 1793-1876; Don Francisco Galindo, 1820-1891} In 1868 Don Salvio Pacheco; his son, Don Fernando Pacheco; and his son-in-law, Don Francisco . . . — Map (db m17440) HM
41California (Contra Costa County), Concord — Francisco Galindo Home
Concord Historical Landmark Built in 1856 — Map (db m56583) HM
42California (Contra Costa County), Martinez — 511 — The Vicente Martinez Adobe - 1849
Vicente Martínez was born in Santa Barbara on August 18, 1818, the second son of Don Ygnacio and Martina de Arellano Martínez who were married in the Presidio Chapel at Santa Barbara 1802. Don Ygnacio Martínez was a Spanish officer at San Diego and . . . — Map (db m50827) HM
43California (Contra Costa County), Martinez — 511 — Vicente Martinez Adobe
In 1849, Vicente Martinez built a two-story adobe ranch house on his portion of the Rancho Pinole. This land was inherited from his father, Don Ignacio Martinez, a Spanish officer who became Comandante of the San Francisco Presidio and later Alcade . . . — Map (db m50821) HM
44California (Contra Costa County), Rodeo — The De Anza Expedition in Rodeo
Lt. Colonel Juan Bautista de Anza by Decree of Carlo III of Spain led an expedition near this site — the mission being to colonize the San Francisco Bay Area In the center of the marker is a circular motif, designed by Doris Birkland . . . — Map (db m24728) HM
45California (Fresno County), Coalinga — 344 — Arroyo de Cantua14 Miles
Headquarters of notorious bandit, Joaquin Murieta. Killed here July 25, 1853, by posse of State Rangers, led by Captain Harry Love. Terrorized mining camps and stage operations during his career. — Map (db m148471) HM
46California (Fresno County), Coalinga — 344 — Arroyo de Cantua14 Miles
Headquarters of notorious bandit Joaquin Murieta. Killed here July 25, 1853 by posse of state rangers led by Captain Harry Love. Terrorized mining camps and stage operations during his career. — Map (db m151585) HM
47California (Fresno County), Fresno — Honoring the Ex-Braceros and Their ContributionsHonoramos los Ex-Braceros y Sus Contribuciones — 1942 - 1964 —
During and after World War II, nearly 5,000,000 contracted braceros came to work in agriculture and on the railroads, the majority in California and the San Joaquin Valley, under U.S. and Mexican Treaty, demonstrating their patriotism . . . — Map (db m41067) HM
48California (Imperial County), Imperial — 944 — Site of Fort Romualdo Pacheco(1825 - 1826)
In 1774, Spain opened an overland route from Sonora to California but it was closed by Yuma Indians in 1781. In 1822, Mexico attempted to reopen this route. Lt. Romualdo Pacheco and soldiers built an adobe fort at this site in 1825-26, the only . . . — Map (db m50589) HM
49California (Imperial County), Ocotillo — De Anza Overlook
Juan Bautista De Anza led two groups of Spanish explorers and settlers across this portion of the Colorado Desert from Northern Mexico to San Francisco Bay. During each tortuous passage, the Spanish camped below here in Yuha Wash. The passage in . . . — Map (db m50683) HM
50California (Kern County), Arvin — 371 — Francisco Garces O.F.M
Padre Garcés, first recorded non-Indian to visit this locality, came in April of 1776, seeking a new route from Mexico to California. His epic journey covered more than two thousand miles of uncharted wilderness, opening trails that later became . . . — Map (db m11932) HM
51California (Kern County), Delano — The Forty Acres
Has been designated a National Historic Landmark. This property possesses national significance in commemorating the history of the United States of America. Forty Acres embodies and conveys multiple layers of national significance . . . — Map (db m54836) HM
52California (Kern County), Keene — 1056 — Cesar E. Chavez National MonumentLa Paz — Refuge —
Cesar Chavez, the farmworker who became this nation's most important Latino leader in the 20th century, chose this as his home, office, and final resting place. Here he found spiritual and physical refuge from the conflict and threats faced by . . . — Map (db m140336) HM
53California (Kern County), Mettler — 291 — Fages-Zalvidea TrailsCalifornia Historical Landmark
In 1772, Don Pedro Fages, first recorded non-Indian to visit the southern San Joaquin Valley, crossed this spot on his way from San Diego to San Luis Obispo. Near this point crossed Father José María de Zalvidea in 1806, while accompanying the Ruiz . . . — Map (db m54266) HM
54California (Kern County), Tehachapi — Avelino MartinezDied at Age 112 on August 7, 1936 — Last Known Member of the Joaquin Murrieta Horse Gangs —
To quote the authors, Frank F. Latta, Arnold R. Rojas, and Bonnie Ketterl Kane, per Rancho El Tejon’s Mayordomo (Supervisor) of almost sixty years, Don Jose Jesus Lopez (J.J.), about Avelino Martinez; “He was a little dried up gnome of a man, . . . — Map (db m98873) HM
55California (Kern County), Tehachapi — The Legend of Avelino Martinez
Avelino Martinez was of Mexican, Indian and Chinese descent, four feet-four inches tall and thirteen years of age when he came with a group of drovers to the United States from Sonora, Mexico, searching for his father. He worked as a groom for . . . — Map (db m52918) HM
56California (Los Angeles County), Agoura Hills — Reyes Adobe Historical Site
Daughters of the American Revolution commemorate the significant role the Reyes Adobe historical site played in the development of California and its history. The property was a stop along the state's famous El Camino Real. — Map (db m154344) HM
57California (Los Angeles County), Bell Gardens — 984 — Casa de Rancho San AntonioHenry Gage Mansion
Contained within this building are the remaining portions of an adobe house built by Francisco Salvador Lugo and his son Antonio María Lugo. Francisco Lugo was a prominent early landholder and Antonio served as the Alcalde of Los Angeles. They . . . — Map (db m125567) HM
58California (Los Angeles County), Beverly Hills — 665 — Portolá Trail 1769
The expedition of Don Gaspar de Portolá from Mexico passed this way en route to Monterey to begin the Spanish colonization of California. With Captain Don Fernando Rivera y Moncada, Lieutenant Don Pedro Fages, Sergeant José Francisco Ortega, and . . . — Map (db m125155) HM
59California (Los Angeles County), Calabasas — 1 — Leonis AdobeCalabasas Adobe
This adobe was built by Miguel Leonis in the early 1870's. The chain of title extends from the King of Spain to the present owners. — Map (db m145585) HM
60California (Los Angeles County), Compton — 152 — Domínguez Ranch House
[The arch way leading to the grounds is flanked by two markers:] Right Marker: Domínguez Ranch House Central portion built in 1826 by Manuel Domínguez. Rancho San Pedro Ten square leagues granted, provisionally . . . — Map (db m64857) HM
61California (Los Angeles County), Culver City — 8 — The Lugo Ranch
The Lugos, a Spanish landgrant family, arrived in the pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de Los Angeles in the 1700's and settled prior to 1900 on this site. This was originally a portion of Rancho La Ballona which was established by the Machados. . . . — Map (db m51869) HM
62California (Los Angeles County), Glendale — Glendale Station ClockOak of Peace
The General Andres Pico Oak Tree once stood in Rancho San Rafael in an area that later became part of the City of Glendale. This tree played a significant role in the history of California. On January 11, 1847, representatives of Los Estados Unidos . . . — Map (db m128302) HM
63California (Los Angeles County), Long Beach — Rancho Los AlamitosHonoring the Indians
Honoring the Indians of Puvungna who fished these shores long before the reign of the Dons. U.S.A. Bicentennial year 1975 Susan B. Anthony Chapter NSDAR — Map (db m132708) HM
64California (Los Angeles County), Long Beach — 978 — Rancho Los Cerritos
The 27,000-acre Rancho was once part of an 18th-century Spanish land grant to soldier Manuel Nieto. The Monterey-style adobe was constructed in 1844 and served the Temple and Bixby families as headquarters for large-scale cattle and sheep ranching . . . — Map (db m50988) HM
65California (Los Angeles County), Long Beach — Ranchos
Los Alamitos • Los Cerritos This plaque marks the dividing line between the two ranchos on which Long Beach was subsequently built. Originally a part of a Spanish land grant to Manuel Nieto in 1784. They were partitioned between the heirs by . . . — Map (db m72706) HM
66California (Los Angeles County), Long Beach — Ranchos Los Alamitos - Los Cerritos - Los Coyotes
[Upper Marker - as seen in 2001] This monument marks the intersection of three original California Ranchos: Rancho Los Alamitos Rancho Los Cerritos Rancho Los Coyotes [Lower Marker - as seen in 2002] Ranchos Los Alamitos . . . — Map (db m50231) HM
67California (Los Angeles County), Los Angeles — 401 — Adobe of the Rancho Los Feliz
Granted on March 22, 1843 to Maria Ygnacia Verdugo in confirmation of an earlier Spanish concession made to Vicente Feliz in 1795. Later owned by famous California pioneers Antonio Coronel and James Lick. Colonel Griffith Jenkins Griffith, in . . . — Map (db m120976) HM
68California (Los Angeles County), Los Angeles — 145 — Avila Adobe
This is the oldest existing house in Los Angeles. Built about 1818 by Don Francisco Avila, it was occupied briefly as American headquarters in 1847. Severely damaged in the earthquake of 1971, the house is now restored as an example of California . . . — Map (db m133592) HM
69California (Los Angeles County), Los Angeles — Berlin Wall Segments
The Wall Along Wilshire features ten sections of the original Berlin Wall. Measuring nearly forty feet wide, it is the world’s longest stretch of the Wall outside of Germany. The Wall Along Wilshire was assembled in 2009 as a component of The Wall . . . — Map (db m125316) HM
70California (Los Angeles County), Los Angeles — Cahuenga Pass TreasureAt The Hollywood Bowl
Treasure hunters believe there is 20th-century loot hidden at the Bowl. Many have searched, but the treasure is still a mystery. The legend of the Cahuenga Pass treasure begins in 1864 when, under Napoleon's rule, France invaded Mexico and . . . — Map (db m129805) HM
71California (Los Angeles County), Los Angeles — Ceasar Estrada ChavezMarch 31, 1927 – April 23, 1993 — USC — University of Southern California —
Visited the USC campus in 1982, 1985 and 1989. “The end of all education should surely be service to others” • “El próposito de toda educacíon verdaderamente deberia servir a otros” — Map (db m130214) HM
72California (Los Angeles County), Los Angeles — Charles Lummis
The Adventures Begin Charles Fletcher Lummis was a journalist, adventurer, preservationist, librarian, poet, and life-long activist on behalf of Native Americans. He was born in Lynn, Massachusetts, in 1859. His mother died of . . . — Map (db m135777) HM
73California (Los Angeles County), Los Angeles — Father Junipero Serra1713–1784
Born on the island of Majorca, off the coast of Spain, Father Serra was ordained in Palma where he taught for fifteen years before being sent to Mexico as a missionary in 1749. In 1769 he became Padre Presidente of the Franciscan . . . — Map (db m54556) HM
74California (Los Angeles County), Los Angeles — Forced Removal of Mexican AmericansDuring The Great Depression
Beginning in 1929, government authorities and certain private sector entities in California and throughout the United States undertook an aggressive program to forcibly remove persons of Mexican ancestry from the United States. In . . . — Map (db m141610) HM
75California (Los Angeles County), Los Angeles — Latino Blood, American Hearts
This site is dedicated to the Latino-American Heroes who received the Congressional Medal of Honor, our nation's highest award for bravery. For love of country, they performed above and beyond the call of duty. Heroes y . . . — Map (db m74096) WM
76California (Los Angeles County), Los Angeles — 156 — Los Angeles Plaza
This site was part of the lands originally granted to El Pueblo de la Reina de Los Angeles in 1781 by the King of Spain, Carlos III, under the Spanish Law of the Indies. The first plaza of the pueblo had been located to the southeast, closer to the . . . — Map (db m120903) HM
77California (Los Angeles County), Los Angeles — Main StreetEl Pueblo de Los Angeles
Main Street is one of the oldest streets in Los Angeles. Originally called by its Spanish name, Calle Principal, it was included in the first survey map of Los Angeles, drawn by Lt. E. O. C. Ord in 1849. The street ran from south of First . . . — Map (db m64219) HM
78California (Los Angeles County), Los Angeles — 171 — Merced TheatreEl Pueblo de Los Angeles
The Merced Theatre was built in 1870 and is one of the oldest structures erected in Los Angeles for the presentation of dramatic performances. It served as the center of theatrical activity in the city from 1871 to 1876. The theatre was built by . . . — Map (db m120901) HM
79California (Los Angeles County), Los Angeles — 5 — Mother Ditch and The History Slugs
All California State Parks must have either unique physical or historical assets. In 2000, the fate of this State Park hung partially on the question of whether physical traces of history could really be found here. The game-changing evidence was . . . — Map (db m120910) HM
80California (Los Angeles County), Los Angeles — 159 — Pico HouseEl Pueblo de Los Angeles
The Pico House was built by Pio Pico, last Governor of California under Mexican rule, who lived almost the entire length of the nineteenth century from 1801 to 1894. This was the first three story building and the first grand hotel in Los Angeles. . . . — Map (db m120902) HM
81California (Los Angeles County), Los Angeles — Rancho Rosa CastillaSite of California State University Los Angeles — Historical Marker —
On this site in 1776 Franciscan missionaries built one of 36 original California adobes. — Map (db m146916) HM
82California (Los Angeles County), Los Angeles — Rio de Los Angeles State ParkTaylor Yard
Tongva, 10,000 BC. The first people of Los Angeles used this river as a source for food, materials for daily life, and spiritual renewal. Spanish, 1769. The Portola Expedition. Rancho San Rafael, 1784. The . . . — Map (db m145349) HM
83California (Los Angeles County), Los Angeles — Route of the Settlers of Los AngelesEl Paseo de Los Pobladores de Los Angeles
On February 2, 1781, a company of settlers recruited in the states of Sonora and Sinaloa, Mexico, began a historic journey from Los Alamos, Sonora. These were Los Pobladores, whose mission was the founding of El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la . . . — Map (db m155431) HM
84California (Los Angeles County), Los Angeles — The Feliz FamilyJuan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail
Enlisted soldier Jose Vicente Feliz, his wife Maria, and their children were among the thirty Anza Expedition families. Maria was one of eight women who were pregnant. On October 23, 1775, the first night after leaving Tubac, tragedy . . . — Map (db m142836) HM
85California (Los Angeles County), Los Angeles — The Old Spanish TrailEl Antiguo Camino Español — 1829 - 1848 —
This plaque marks the end of the Old Spanish Trail, an historic pack trail from Santa Fe to the Pueblo of Los Angeles. This trail was used by Mexican traders who brought woolen goods from New Mexico to trade for highly prized California mules and . . . — Map (db m113806) HM
86California (Los Angeles County), Los Angeles — Zanja Madre
Through this spot flowed the Zanja Madre (Mother Ditch) which channeled the waters of the Los Angeles River to the citizens of Los Angeles for 123 years, 1781-1904. — Map (db m133400) HM
87California (Los Angeles County), Mission Hills — Andres Pico Adobe
Spanish-Mexican Period Declared Historic Cultural Monument No. 7 by the Cultural Heritage Board Municipal Art Department City Of Los AngelesMap (db m126820) HM
88California (Los Angeles County), Mission Hills — Mission Dam
Rubble masonry water storage dam built by San Fernando Mission Indians in 1808. Water flowed to the mission via a tiled pipe. — Map (db m156523) HM
89California (Los Angeles County), Mission Hills — 362 — Ranchito RomuloAndres Pico Adobe
Oldest portion built about 1834 by ex-Mission Indians. Enlarged by Eulogio de Celis in 1846. Upper story added by Romulo Pico in 1874. Restored by Mr. & Mrs. M.R. Harrington in 1930. — Map (db m126815) HM
90California (Los Angeles County), Montebello — 385 — Battle of the Rio San Gabriel
Near this site, on January 3, 1847, was fought the Battle of the Rio San Gabriel between American forces commanded by Capt. Robert F. Stockton, U.S. Navy, Commander-in- chief, Brig. Gen. Stephen W. Kearney, U.S. Army, and . . . — Map (db m51042) HM
91California (Los Angeles County), Montrose — The Crescenta-Cañada Valley
When the Colonials of the American eastern seaboard were struggling to create and defend man’s most noble achievement in self government, the vast Pacific Southwest was a slumbering frontier. Barely six years before Paul Revere made his famous ride . . . — Map (db m135165) HM
92California (Los Angeles County), San Fernando — Casa de Lopez
Erected by Valentine Lopez - 1882 Occupied by Geronimo Lopez - 1884 Purchased by City of San Fernando - 1971 Survived Major Earthquake - 1971 Restored by San Fernando - 1974-75 — Map (db m127687) HM
93California (Los Angeles County), San Fernando — César Chávez Memorial — March 31, 1927 - April 23, 1993 —
Panel 1: “Show me the suffering of the most miserable So I will know my people’s plight.” “Free me to pray for others For you are present in every person.” “Help me take responsibility for my . . . — Map (db m149987) HM
94California (Los Angeles County), San Gabriel — 451 — Ortega-Vigare Adobe
Erected during mission days, 1792-1805. Second oldest adobe in this region. Originally 'L'-shaped, it is now only half its original size. In 1859, it became the property of Don Jean Vigare. In early 1860’s became San Gabriel's first bakery, and was . . . — Map (db m127641) HM
95California (Los Angeles County), San Marino — Michael White Adobe“Casa Miguel Blanco”
Built about 1845 by Michael White or Miguel Blanco as he was called by the native Californians. One of the early foreigners to settle in California; sailor and soldier of fortune; a friendly, carefree man of roving disposition; a colorful and . . . — Map (db m144994) HM
96California (Los Angeles County), San Pedro — Catalina Channel
The Catalina Channel, about 25 miles wide and close to 500 fathoms deep (about 3,000 feet), separates Santa Catalina Island from the mainland. This part of the Pacific Ocean was first visited by Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo in 1542, sailing under the . . . — Map (db m147299) HM
97California (Los Angeles County), Santa Monica — The Discovery of Santa Monicaby Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo — on October 8, 1542 —
In commemoration of the 400th anniversary of the discovery of Santa Monica by Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo on October 8, 1542, this tablet is erected and dedicated by the Historic Landmarks Committee, Native Sons of the Golden West, with the cooperation . . . — Map (db m130424) HM
98California (Los Angeles County), South Pasadena — 19 — Cathedral Oak Monument
Panel 1: Under this oak — the legend runs — the first Easter Services in California were held by Father Crespi in 1770. Panel 2: Near this spot the Cathedral Oak stood. Time destroyed its roots. This . . . — Map (db m134912) HM
99California (Los Angeles County), Tujunga — Sister Elsie’s Well
Dug by neophytes on the "Rancho Las Hermanas" (now owned by Philip Begue). Was used by the padres traveling over “Old Mission Trail” during the Spanish regime. — Map (db m121428) HM
100California (Los Angeles County), Tujunga — 1039 — Tuna Canyon Detention Station
World War II confinement site. — Map (db m116189) WM

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Oct. 22, 2020