“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Hispanic Americans Topic

Tristan de Luna y Arellano Marker image, Touch for more information
By Jason Irick, July 15, 2019
Tristan de Luna y Arellano Marker
1 Alabama, Mobile County, Mobile — Tristan de Luna y Arellano1519–1573
Spanish conquistador who in the summer of 1559 led a large fleet to the northern Gulf Coast in the earliest grand attempt to colonize the area for Spain. He sailed into Mobile Bay in August 1559 with 11 ships, more than 500 soldiers, 1000 men, . . . Map (db m136742) HM
2 Arizona, Apache County, Springerville — 22 — Baca Home
Gregorio Baca bought this house from G. Becker in 1907 for his bride, Chona Ortega. It's walls are 16" thick adobe. The wealthy Bacas & Ortegas ran large herds of cattle & sheep on vast tracts of land in Concho, St. Johns & The R.V. area.Map (db m36383) HM
3 Arizona, Coconino County, Grand Canyon National Park — El Tovar HotelBegun 1903, Completed 1905
Named for Don Pedro de Tovar, the first European to visit the Hopi Indian villages in 1540, the hotel was constructed by Hopi Indian craftsmen at a cost of $250,000 employing logs shipped by train from Oregon and native Kaibab Limestone. The El . . . Map (db m39477) HM
4 Arizona, Coconino County, Marble Canyon — Dominguez y Escalante Expedition1776 - 1976 — Treacherous Descent — Reported missing
Text from: Historical Markers with The Arizona Department of Transportation right of way. Prepared by: Roadside Development Section April 1, 1997 Fatigued by a thirty mile ride, the padres picked their way down the rocky north slope . . . Map (db m39917) HM
5 Arizona, Coconino County, Page — Crossing of the FathersDominguez y Escalante Expedition 1776-1976
Within sight of this place the Franciscan priests Dominguez and Escalante and their ten companions experienced two of the most difficult challenges among many along the 1,800 miles of their epic journey from the Spanish presidio at Santa Fe, New . . . Map (db m40324) HM
6 Arizona, Gila County, Miami — Bullion Plaza School
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places By the United States Department of the Interior Bullion Plaza School 1923 Map (db m67493) HM
7 Arizona, Mohave County, Littlefield — 121 — The Old Spanish Trail1829 - 1848
The Old Spanish Trail, the main trade route between Santa Fe and Los Angeles, passed this way beginning in 1829. At the end of the Mexican-American War this portion of the route evolved into what was variously known as the Salt Lake Road, the . . . Map (db m78535) HM
8 Arizona, Navajo County, Winslow — 3 — The Railroads Build a Town: Early DaysJourneys to Winslow
In 1863, the United States government created the Arizona Territory from land it acquired during the Mexican-American War and the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo. Its northern region remained isolated and undeveloped until the railroad arrived. . . . Map (db m209689) HM
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9 Arizona, Navajo County, Winslow — 4 — The Railroads Build a Town: Early IndustryJourneys to Winslow
Winslow's location as a livestock, trade goods, and lumber shipping point contributed to its growth and stability in the first half of the 20th century. The Santa Fe Railway shipped goods to markets across the country, which in turn made the . . . Map (db m209733) HM
10 Arizona, Pima County, Tucson — August 20th Park
This park is a memorial to the founding of Tucson. On August 20, 1775, Lt. Col. Don Hugo Oconor, Commandant Inspector of the Frontier Provinces of New Spain, in the company of Fr. Francisco Garces and Lt. Juan Carmona officially established the . . . Map (db m83011) HM
11 Arizona, Pima County, Tucson — Carlos Ygnacio Velasco House
This house dating from the 1870s was purchased by Carlos and Beatriz Velasco in 1878. In the same year, Velasco began publication of the newspaper "El Fronterizo," which continued until his death in 1914. This building was the office and print . . . Map (db m150194) HM
12 Arizona, Pima County, Tucson — Chapel of San Pedro at Fort Lowell
A tiny chapel, built here in 1915, served the Barriada del Rillito, a community now called El Fuerte. The fifteen immigrant Mexican families of this village gathered outside under mesquite trees to hear Mass. In 1917, Señora Josefa de Mule donated . . . Map (db m83018) HM
13 Arizona, Pima County, Tucson — El Parque de Orlando y Diego Mendoza
English In 1981, two young brothers, Orlando and Diego Mendoza, died when a drunk driver ran a stop sign at this intersection hitting the car in which the two children were riding. Orlando was 2 years old; Diego was 17 months. The . . . Map (db m83027) HM
14 Arizona, Pima County, Tucson — El Tiradito(The Wishing Shrine)
This is the only shrine in the United States dedicated to the soul of a sinner buried in unconsecrated ground. It is affectionately called "El Tiradito"- the castaway. The many legends about its origin all involve a tragic triangle love affair in . . . Map (db m83030) HM
15 Arizona, Pima County, Tucson — Garcés FootbridgePuente de Garcés — Historic Site —
Memorial to Francisco Garcés, explorer and first Franciscan missionary to the Pima village at the foot of Sentinel Peak. In 1770 Garcés and the Pimas constructed at that site the first substantial building in Tucson, a mission residence with two . . . Map (db m83034) HM
16 Arizona, Pima County, Tucson — Jácome’s
[ Four markers are mounted to a four sided kiosk. ] Side A: Jácome’s Department Stores, Inc. 1896 – 1980 This area was the final location of Jácome’s Department Store from 1951 to 1980. For twenty-nine years the . . . Map (db m40049) HM
17 Arizona, Pima County, Tucson — Leonardo Romero House
This house is named for its first known residents, living here in 1868. Although construction dates are not known, the Washington Street wing lies along the course of the Presidio wall, completed in 1783. Leonardo Romero, a carpenter whose shop . . . Map (db m83203) HM
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18 Arizona, Pima County, Tucson — Ochoa Street
Named during Arizona’s Territorial period to honor Estevan Ochoa (b.1831 – d.1888), whose ancestors arrived in Mexico with the Cortez expedition. He was born in Chihuahua, Mexico to a wealthy mining and ranching family. Before settling . . . Map (db m70211) HM
19 Arizona, Pima County, Tucson — One Story from the Barrio ViejoThe History of Room 6
1914 Room 6 (originally addressed 202 W. 18th Street, and later 709 S. 8th Avenue), on the southeast corner of the excavated row house on Lot 10 (see map), housed several businesses throughout its history. In 1914, it was a blacksmith shop, . . . Map (db m57789) HM
20 Arizona, Pima County, Tucson — Plaza de la Mesilla
One of the few remaining sites which recall the Mexican heritage of Tucson, it acquired its name after the Gadsden Purchase (1854) as the terminus of the wagon road joining Tucson to the territorial capital, then at Mesilla. When San Agustin, the . . . Map (db m83208) HM
21 Arizona, Pima County, Tucson — Plaza de las Armas
The largest plaza within the Spanish presidio of San Agustin del Tucson, founded in 1775, this area was originally used for military formations and drill. After construction of the first Pima County courthouse (1870), the name was changed to Court . . . Map (db m83209) HM
22 Arizona, Pima County, Tucson — Plaza Militar
Once an open space, this area was within the original Spanish presidio. The plaza was probably named in the Mexican years (1821-1854), when soldiers drilled here. Saddle horses for the troops were stabled along the north side, next to the presidio . . . Map (db m83210) HM
23 Arizona, Pima County, Tucson — Presidio Wall
This marker locates the northwest corner of the adobe wall which surrounded the Royal Spanish Presidio San Agustín del Tucson. In 1776 the new outpost was garrisoned by seventy Spanish cavalry troopers and Indian scouts, transferred from . . . Map (db m83212) HM
24 Arizona, Pima County, Tucson — Presidio Wall Camino Real
Near this site was the southwest corner of the adobe wall that surrounded the Spanish Presidio, an enclosure of 11 ¼ acres which included most of the present city – county governmental complex and the Art Museum block. Tucson was the largest . . . Map (db m83214) HM
25 Arizona, Pima County, Tucson — Sosa-Carillo-Frémont House
The earliest documents for this property indicate that the pioneering Sosa family lived here in the 1850s. In 1878, Manuela Sosa and her husband, Michael McKenna, sold the property to Jesús Suárez de Carrillo, wife of businessman Leopoldo Carrillo, . . . Map (db m83228) HM
26 Arizona, Pima County, Tucson — Teatro Carmen
Named for its founder, Carmen Soto Vásquez, this was one of the first theaters in Tucson devoted exclusively to the presentation of dramatic works in Spanish. From the opening night, May 20, 1915, with a performance of "Cerebro y . . . Map (db m83233) HM
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27 Arizona, Pinal County, Florence — Elena Llescas House
Built for Pablo and Elena Llescas in the early 1860s, this single-story row house has two exterior walls not parallel with respect to the other walls. This indicates construction prior to the 1866 Ruggles Street Grid. This building is constructed on . . . Map (db m26795) HM
28 Arizona, Pinal County, Florence — Jesus Martinez House
Jesus Martinez, a farmer from New Mexico, began construction on this adobe house in 1872. Completed in 1880, the U-shaped building had a traditional Sonoran flat dirt roof and central patio enclosed on three sides. By 1890 the house was divided for . . . Map (db m26683) HM
29 Arizona, Pinal County, Florence — Manuel Robles House
Manuel Robles made the adobes and built this house in 1881. The single-story residence is an excellent example of a modified Sonoran-style rowhouse. Originally it was an L-shaped structure with a flat earth-filled roof, then about 1913 a flat metal . . . Map (db m30403) HM
30 Arizona, Pinal County, Kearny — Sonora, Arizona
Immigrant Mexican miners working for the Ray Consolidated Copper Company named the town of Sonora, built near here in 1911. It boomed as a thriving, dynamic community, rich in Mexican culture, language and traditions. In the mid-1950's, the company . . . Map (db m232148) HM
31 Arizona, Pinal County, Picacho — Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail / Camp 21: El Aquituni
Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail While the American Revolution brewed on the Atlantic Coast, Spain expanded its New World empire to protect California against the British and Russians. In 1774, Juan Bautista de Anza, commander . . . Map (db m82941) HM
32 Arizona, Santa Cruz County, Nogales — Montezuma Hotel
The Montezuma Hotel, sixty feet east of here, built in 1886, rebuilt twice, and closed in 1965, was the center of Nogales business and social life for more than half a century. The Office of owner George Christ, First U.S. Customs Collector of the . . . Map (db m27082) HM
33 Arizona, Santa Cruz County, Tumacacori — 87001437 — Tumacacori MuseumNational Historic Landmark
. . . Map (db m216047) HM
34 Arizona, Yuma County, Yuma — Crossing Into History — Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail —
Eager to expand it's New World empire, Spain authorized a 1775-1776 expedition to settle the port of San Francisco. The expedition, lead by Juan Bautista de Anza, commander of the Royal Presidio of Tubac, traversed 1000 miles on foot, horseback, . . . Map (db m191836) HM
35 Arkansas, Conway County, Winrock — Cement Sculptures by Dionicio Rodriguez
When the Civilian Conservation Corps worked at Petit Jean in the 1930s, Dionicio Rodríguez, a Mexican-born artist, sculpted this small bridge above a goldfish pond in a flower garden. He also sculpted a flower basket that is in rubble on the north . . . Map (db m233676) HM
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36 Arkansas, Montgomery County, Caddo Gap — De Soto at Caddo Gap
In this area in 1541 a Spanish expedition from Florida commanded by Hernando De Soto encountered fierce resistance from the Indians, whom they described as the best fighting men they had met. De Soto then turned to the southeast and descended the . . . Map (db m201572) HM
37 California, Alameda County, Livermore — Brushy Peak Regional Preserve
This land has attracted people's interest for millennia. A network of ancient trade routes once linked indigenous people of these different regions: the Ohlone tribe of the San Francisco Bay Area, the Bay Miwoks of the Delta and Mt. Diablo, and . . . Map (db m197612) HM
38 California, Alameda County, Livermore — Joaquin Murrieta and Murrieta's Well
The legend of Joaquin Murrieta is one of the most enduring and fascinating of chapters in California history. Facts, fiction and romantic tales entangle to create a legend of unique aura that had become part of California's folklore, especially in . . . Map (db m130947) HM
39 California, Alameda County, Pleasanton — 510 — Francisco Solano Alviso Adobe Reported missing
This building, erected in 1844-46 by Francisco Solano Alviso, was the first adobe house to be built in the Pleasanton Valley. It was originally called Alisal-The Sycamores. Following the Battle of Sunol Canyon, General John C. Frémont withdrew to . . . Map (db m3558) HM
40 California, Alameda County, San Leandro, Farrelly Pond District — De Anza Expedition 1775 - 1776
Lt. Colonel Juan Bautista de Anza by decree of Carlos III of Spain led an expedition to this site – The mission being to colonize the San Francisco Bay Area. In the center of the marker is a circular motif, designed by Doris Birkland . . . Map (db m26459) HM
41 California, Alameda County, San Leandro, Old San Leandro — Casa Peralta
Three descendants of land grant recipient Luís Maria Peralta lived in this home. In 1926, Herminia Peralta Dargie (pictured above) remodeled the home in the style of a Spanish villa. Tiles depict the story of Don Quixote, and adobe bricks saved from . . . Map (db m26398) HM
42 California, Alameda County, San Leandro, Old San Leandro — 279 — Estudillo Home
Site of the last home of José Joaquin Estudillo, grantee of Rancho San Leandro and his wife, Juana Martínez de Estudillo. It was built about 1850. The family founded San Leandro, built a hotel, and donated several lots, including the original site . . . Map (db m100549) HM
43 California, Amador County, Ione — Quincy - Ione's Sister City
Quincy, located approximately 1 1/2 miles east of here off Mule Creek, was one of the cities within the boundaries of Rancho Arroyo, or the grant, that suddenly appeared in the early 1850's. Don Andreas Pico purchased the grant from Teodosio . . . Map (db m94747) HM
44 California, Calaveras County, Calaveritas — 255 — Calaveritas
Calaveritas, settled in 1849 by Mexicans, was a flourishing mining town complete with stores, saloons, gambling houses, and fandango halls. Joaquin Murieta is reported to have frequently visited its Fandango Halls and gambling houses. Destroyed by . . . Map (db m12992) HM
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45 California, Contra Costa County, Clayton — Joaquin Murrieta
Born in Mexico in 1832 the renowned "Robin Hood of the El Dorado" spent his early days in Californa working in Contra Costa County as a vaquero before turning bandit. Dedicated By Joaquin Murrieta Chapter No. 13 E Clampus Vitus November . . . Map (db m24567) HM
46 California, Contra Costa County, Concord — About Don Salvio Pacheco
Don Salvio Pacheco was born on July 15, 1793 in Monterey, Alta California. After serving in the Monterey Militia for many years, he petitioned the Territorial Deputation Council of the Mexican government for a Land Grant in 1834. With the possession . . . Map (db m206217) HM
47 California, Contra Costa County, Concord — De Anza Expedition 1775-1776
Lt. Colonel Juan Bautista De Anza by decree of Carlos III of Spain led an expedition near this site - the mission being to colonize the San Francisco Bay AreaMap (db m155569) HM
48 California, Contra Costa County, Concord — Dedicated to the Founders of Todos Santos1994
{pictured above on the marker (left to right), Don Fernando Pacheco, 1818-1884; Don Salvio Pacheco, 1793-1876; Don Francisco Galindo, 1820-1891} In 1868 Don Salvio Pacheco; his son, Don Fernando Pacheco; and his son-in-law, Don Francisco . . . Map (db m17440) HM
49 California, Contra Costa County, Concord — Francisco Galindo Home
Concord Historical Landmark Built in 1856Map (db m56583) HM
50 California, Contra Costa County, Martinez — Dedicated to the Family of Don Ignacio Martinez
Dedicated to the family of Don Ignacio Martinez, who settled El Rancho Pinole in 1830. Many of his descendants rest here, members of one of Contra Costa's first families.Map (db m53061) HM
51 California, Contra Costa County, Martinez — 511 — The Vicente Martinez Adobe - 1849
Vicente Martínez was born in Santa Barbara on August 18, 1818, the second son of Don Ygnacio and Martina de Arellano Martínez who were married in the Presidio Chapel at Santa Barbara 1802. Don Ygnacio Martínez was a Spanish officer at San Diego and . . . Map (db m50827) HM
52 California, Contra Costa County, Martinez — 511 — Vicente Martinez Adobe
In 1849, Vicente Martinez built a two-story adobe ranch house on his portion of the Rancho Pinole. This land was inherited from his father, Don Ignacio Martinez, a Spanish officer who became Comandante of the San Francisco Presidio and later Alcade . . . Map (db m50821) HM
53 California, Contra Costa County, Oakley — "...What we see and have before us is not a river, but much water in a pond" — Anza Expedition of 1776 —
"...what we see and have before us is not a river, but much water in a pond." In the spring of 1776, Lt. Colonel Jaan Bautista de Anza, Father Pedro Font, and a small group spent four days exploring the East Bay. They wished to . . . Map (db m190712) HM
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54 California, Contra Costa County, Oakley — Anza Expedition Campsite 101
The 1775-76 expedition of Juan Bautista de Anza made this site their one hundred first camp from Horcasitas, Sonora, Mexico. Anza brought 198 colonists, located for Spain the Presidio of San Francisco and Mission Dolores, and explored . . . Map (db m190721) HM
55 California, Contra Costa County, Oakley — Stopped by Impenetrable Marshes — Anza Expedition of 1776 —
The Juan Bautista de Anza Expedition of 1775-1776 traveled with 240 settlers, soldiers, and others 1,800 miles from Sonora, Mexico to Monterey, California. Anza then traveled with a much smaller group to San Francisco and the East Bay to discover . . . Map (db m190230) HM
56 California, Contra Costa County, Rodeo — The De Anza Expedition in Rodeo
Lt. Colonel Juan Bautista de Anza by Decree of Carlo III of Spain led an expedition near this site — the mission being to colonize the San Francisco Bay Area In the center of the marker is a circular motif, designed by Doris Birkland . . . Map (db m24728) HM
57 California, Fresno County, Coalinga — 344 — Arroyo de Cantua14 Miles
Headquarters of notorious bandit Joaquin Murieta. Killed here July 25, 1853 by posse of state rangers led by Captain Harry Love. Terrorized mining camps and stage operations during his career.Map (db m151585) HM
58 California, Fresno County, Coalinga — 344 — Arroyo de Cantua14 Miles
Headquarters of notorious bandit, Joaquin Murieta. Killed here July 25, 1853, by posse of State Rangers, led by Captain Harry Love. Terrorized mining camps and stage operations during his career.Map (db m229467) HM
59 California, Fresno County, Fresno — Honoring the Ex-Braceros and Their ContributionsHonoramos los Ex-Braceros y Sus Contribuciones — 1942 - 1964 —
During and after World War II, nearly 5,000,000 contracted braceros came to work in agriculture and on the railroads, the majority in California and the San Joaquin Valley, under U.S. and Mexican Treaty, demonstrating their patriotism . . . Map (db m41067) HM
60 California, Imperial County, Imperial — 944 — Site of Fort Romualdo Pacheco(1825 - 1826) Reported missing
In 1774, Spain opened an overland route from Sonora to California but it was closed by Yuma Indians in 1781. In 1822, Mexico attempted to reopen this route. Lt. Romualdo Pacheco and soldiers built an adobe fort at this site in 1825-26, the only . . . Map (db m50589) HM
61 California, Imperial County, Ocotillo — De Anza Overlook
Juan Bautista De Anza led two groups of Spanish explorers and settlers across this portion of the Colorado Desert from Northern Mexico to San Francisco Bay. During each tortuous passage, the Spanish camped below here in Yuha Wash. The passage in . . . Map (db m50683) HM
62 California, Kern County, Arvin — 371 — Francisco Garces O.F.M
Padre Garcés, first recorded non-Indian to visit this locality, came in April of 1776, seeking a new route from Mexico to California. His epic journey covered more than two thousand miles of uncharted wilderness, opening trails that later became . . . Map (db m11932) HM
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63 California, Kern County, Delano — The Forty Acres
The Forty Acres has been designated a National Historic Landmark. This property possesses national significance in commemorating the history of the United States of America. Forty Acres embodies and conveys multiple layers of national . . . Map (db m54836) HM
64 California, Kern County, Keene — A Humble Home — Cesar E. Chavez National Monument —
This unpretentious building was the home of Cesar Chavez and his wife Helen. When the Chavez family moved here in 1971, the oldest of their eight children had already moved out of the family home but their younger children were raised here. Cesar . . . Map (db m234147) HM
65 California, Kern County, Keene — 1056 — Cesar E. Chavez National MonumentLa Paz — Refuge —
Cesar Chavez, the farmworker who became this nation's most important Latino leader in the 20th century, chose this as his home, office, and final resting place. Here he found spiritual and physical refuge from the conflict and threats faced by . . . Map (db m140336) HM
66 California, Kern County, Keene — Helen's Park — Cesar E. Chavez National Monument —
After Cesar began organizing farmworkers in 1962, Helen looked after their eight children. Over the years, Helen also became a surrogate mother to countless volunteers who journeyed to Delano, and eventually to La Paz, to work for social justice. . . . Map (db m234148) HM
67 California, Kern County, Mettler — 291 — Fages-Zalvidea TrailsCalifornia Historical Landmark
In 1772, Don Pedro Fages, first recorded non-Indian to visit the southern San Joaquin Valley, crossed this spot on his way from San Diego to San Luis Obispo. Near this point crossed Father José María de Zalvidea in 1806, while accompanying the Ruiz . . . Map (db m54266) HM
68 California, Kern County, Tehachapi — Avelino MartinezDied at Age 112 on August 7, 1936 — Last Known Member of the Joaquin Murrieta Horse Gangs —
To quote the authors, Frank F. Latta, Arnold R. Rojas, and Bonnie Ketterl Kane, per Rancho El Tejon’s Mayordomo (Supervisor) of almost sixty years, Don Jose Jesus Lopez (J.J.), about Avelino Martinez; “He was a little dried up gnome of a man, . . . Map (db m98873) HM
69 California, Kern County, Tehachapi — The Legend of Avelino Martinez
Avelino Martinez was of Mexican, Indian and Chinese descent, four feet-four inches tall and thirteen years of age when he came with a group of drovers to the United States from Sonora, Mexico, searching for his father. He worked as a groom for . . . Map (db m52918) HM
70 California, Los Angeles County, Agoura Hills — Morrison Ranch HouseWitness to a Changing World
Rancher John Morrison and his family occupied this historic house in 1904. They lived and worked here for almost 60 years. Morrison‘s family cleared land to grow hay and raised horses and cattle to sell at nearby markets. They also built barns, . . . Map (db m167302) HM
71 California, Los Angeles County, Agoura Hills — Reyes Adobe Historical Site
Daughters of the American Revolution commemorate the significant role the Reyes Adobe historical site played in the development of California and its history. The property was a stop along the state's famous El Camino Real.Map (db m154344) HM
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72 California, Los Angeles County, Bell Gardens, South Montebello — 984 — Casa de Rancho San AntonioHenry Gage Mansion
Contained within this building are the remaining portions of an adobe house built by Francisco Salvador Lugo and his son Antonio María Lugo. Francisco Lugo was a prominent early landholder and Antonio served as the Alcalde of Los Angeles. They . . . Map (db m125567) HM
73 California, Los Angeles County, Compton — 152 — Domínguez Ranch House
[The arch way leading to the grounds is flanked by two markers:] Right Marker: Domínguez Ranch House Central portion built in 1826 by Manuel Domínguez. Rancho San Pedro Ten square leagues granted, . . . Map (db m64857) HM
74 California, Los Angeles County, Culver City, Studio Village — 8 — The Lugo Ranch
The Lugos, a Spanish landgrant family, arrived in the pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de Los Angeles in the 1700's and settled prior to 1900 on this site. This was originally a portion of Rancho La Ballona which was established by the Machados. . . . Map (db m51869) HM
75 California, Los Angeles County, Duarte — Andres Avelino Duarte1805-1863
Born at Mission San Juan Capistrano, Andres Avelino Duarte joined the Mexican Army in 1821. Transferred to Mission San Gabriel, he was assigned to protect Mission property. Upon retirement, he was granted nearly 7,000 acres, which included . . . Map (db m218626) HM
76 California, Los Angeles County, Glendale, Montrose — The Crescenta-Cañada Valley
When the Colonials of the American eastern seaboard were struggling to create and defend man’s most noble achievement in self government, the vast Pacific Southwest was a slumbering frontier. Barely six years before Paul Revere made his famous ride . . . Map (db m135165) HM
77 California, Los Angeles County, Glendale, Tropico — Glendale Station ClockOak of Peace
The General Andres Pico Oak Tree once stood in Rancho San Rafael in an area that later became part of the City of Glendale. This tree played a significant role in the history of California. On January 11, 1847, representatives of Los Estados Unidos . . . Map (db m128302) HM
78 California, Los Angeles County, Glendale, Verdugo Woodlands — 2 — Oak of Peace
The Oak of Peace played an important role in the history of California. It was at this site on January 11, 1847, that the surrender of the Californios to the United States Army was arranged. Jésus Pico, emissary of U.S. Lt. Colonel John C. . . . Map (db m234878) HM
79 California, Los Angeles County, La Verne — 7 — Lomeli AdobeLast Adobe Built in La Verne - 1957
Leo Lomeli, the local Santa Fe railway station agent 1942-1960, began building this home in 1951 for his wife, Esperanza, and three sons. It was a labor of love, completed in 1957 with help from friends and family. Lomeli was the first . . . Map (db m190945) HM
80 California, Los Angeles County, Long Beach, Bixby Hill — Rancho Los AlamitosHonoring the Indians
Honoring the Indians of Puvungna who fished these shores long before the reign of the Dons. U.S.A. Bicentennial year 1975 Susan B. Anthony Chapter NSDARMap (db m132708) HM
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81 California, Los Angeles County, Long Beach, Carson Park — Ranchos Los Alamitos - Los Cerritos - Los Coyotes
[Upper Marker - as seen in 2001] This monument marks the intersection of three original California Ranchos: Rancho Los Alamitos Rancho Los Cerritos Rancho Los Coyotes [Lower Marker - as seen in 2002] Ranchos Los Alamitos . . . Map (db m50231) HM
82 California, Los Angeles County, Long Beach, Los Cerritos — 978 — Rancho Los Cerritos
The 27,000-acre Rancho was once part of an 18th-century Spanish land grant to soldier Manuel Nieto. The Monterey-style adobe was constructed in 1844 and served the Temple and Bixby families as headquarters for large-scale cattle and sheep ranching . . . Map (db m50988) HM
83 California, Los Angeles County, Long Beach, Waterfront — RanchosLos Alamitos • Los Cerritos
This plaque marks the dividing line between the two ranchos on which Long Beach was subsequently built. Originally a part of a Spanish land grant to Manuel Nieto in 1784. They were partitioned between the heirs by government in 1834.Map (db m72706) HM
84 California, Los Angeles County, Los Angeles, Boyle Heights — Chicano Arts Movement
Walkouts Inspire a Movement In 1968, thousands of students walked out of classes at Roosevelt and six other Eastside high schools to protest educational disparities favoring Westside schools. The walkouts, known as the "Chicano . . . Map (db m228390) HM
85 California, Los Angeles County, Los Angeles, Boyle Heights — Mariachi Plaza
The Cummings Block The distinctive building at the corner of First Street and Boyle Avenue is the Cummings Block. The Queen Anne - Italianate structure was developed by George Cummings in 1889. His wife, María del Scaramento . . . Map (db m207567) HM
86 California, Los Angeles County, Los Angeles, Boyle Heights — Mexican American All Wars MonumentIn Memoriam
The Mexican colony in Los Angeles dedicates with deep gratitude and respect this sacred monument to the memory of heroes of Mexican descent who gave their lives in World War II in the interest of democratic principles. Dec. 7, . . . Map (db m190289) WM
87 California, Los Angeles County, Los Angeles, Boyle Heights — Ruben SalazarMarch 3, 1928 - August 29, 1970
Ruben Salazar was a prominent and award-winning journalist. He was born in Juarez, Mexico and later moved across the river to El Paso, Texas. After attending high school in Texas, he went on to attend the University of Texas at El Paso (UTEP), . . . Map (db m174943) HM
88 California, Los Angeles County, Los Angeles, Chinatown — 425 North Los Angeles Street
The actual date of construction is unknown, but this building was definitely in place by 1898. The owner was Sostenes Sepúlveda, eldest child of the large family of Juan Maria de Jesus Sepúlveda. Sostenes bought the land from a cousin for $300. . . . Map (db m229245) HM
89 California, Los Angeles County, Los Angeles, Chinatown — Castelar School
Old School Castelar School is the second oldest school in the Los Angeles Unified School District, the first to hire a Chinese-American principal, and has taught the largest number of refugee children in the city. Castelar was . . . Map (db m219344) HM
90 California, Los Angeles County, Los Angeles, Chinatown — 5 — Zanja Madre“Mother Ditch and the History Slugs” — Los Angeles State Historic Park —
All California State Parks must have either unique physical or historical assets. In 2000, the fate of this State Park hung partially on the question of whether physical traces of history could really be found here. The game-changing evidence was . . . Map (db m164332) HM
91 California, Los Angeles County, Los Angeles, Downtown Los Angeles — Antonio AguilarMay 17, 1919 – June 19, 2007
Pascual Antonio Aguilar Barraza, also known as “El Charro de Mexico” (The Mexican Cowboy), was born on May 17, 1919 in the City of Villanueva, Zacatecas, Mexico. He is a legendary icon of Mexican music and film, and a popular . . . Map (db m162037) HM
92 California, Los Angeles County, Los Angeles, Downtown Los Angeles — Avila Adobecirca 1818 — El Pueblo de Los Angeles —
The oldest building in the city, the adobe was the home of Don Francisco Avila, mayor (alcalde) of Los Angeles in 1810. After his first wife died, Avila married Encarnacion Sepulveda in 1822. He died ten years later. In 1847, during the . . . Map (db m163114) HM
93 California, Los Angeles County, Los Angeles, Downtown Los Angeles — 145 — Avila Adobe
This is the oldest existing house in Los Angeles. Built about 1818 by Don Francisco Avila, it was occupied briefly as American headquarters in 1847. Severely damaged in the earthquake of 1971, the house is now restored as an example of California . . . Map (db m133592) HM
94 California, Los Angeles County, Los Angeles, Downtown Los Angeles — CameroLos Pobladores — The Founders of the City of Los Angeles —
The Founders of the City of Los Angeles Lara · Mesa · Moreno · Rosas · Camero · Rosas · Navarro · Villavicencio · Rodriguez · Quintero · Vanegas Manuel Camero came from Acaponeta, Nayarit, and María Tomasa García came from . . . Map (db m162793) HM
95 California, Los Angeles County, Los Angeles, Downtown Los Angeles — Carlos III1759–88
King Carlos III of Spain ordered the founding of El Pueblo de la Reina de Los Angeles in 1781. This statue was presented in 1976, in honor of the 200th anniversary of American Independence. It was dedicated in the Plaza by the King and . . . Map (db m162531) HM
96 California, Los Angeles County, Los Angeles, Downtown Los Angeles — El Camino Real
The Franciscans arrived from México in 1769 led by Fr. Junipero Serra who founded California Missions from San Diego to Sonoma. This trail was known as “El Camino Real” (the King’s Highway). The “El Camino Real Bells” were originally placed . . . Map (db m162931) HM
97 California, Los Angeles County, Los Angeles, Downtown Los Angeles — Father Junipero Serra1713–1784
Born on the island of Majorca, off the coast of Spain, Father Serra was ordained in Palma where he taught for fifteen years before being sent to Mexico as a missionary in 1749. In 1769 he became Padre Presidente of the Franciscan . . . Map (db m54556) HM
98 California, Los Angeles County, Los Angeles, Downtown Los Angeles — Felipe de Neve, 1728–84Spanish Governor of the Californias, 1775–82
In 1781, on the orders of King Carlos III of Spain, Felipe de Neve selected a site near the River Porciuncula and laid out the town of El Pueblo de la Reina de Los Angeles, one of two Spanish pueblos he founded in Alta California. . . . Map (db m162735) HM
99 California, Los Angeles County, Los Angeles, Downtown Los Angeles — Forced Removal of Mexican AmericansDuring The Great Depression
Beginning in 1929, government authorities and certain private sector entities in California and throughout the United States undertook an aggressive program to forcibly remove persons of Mexican ancestry from the United States. In . . . Map (db m141610) HM
100 California, Los Angeles County, Los Angeles, Downtown Los Angeles — 26 — Historic Los Angeles CemeteryLa Iglesia de Nuestra Señora de Los Angeles Cemetery
According to Catholic Church records, approximately 693 early residents of Los Angeles were buried in this cemetery. This memorial garden honors these early residents. Words surround this sacred place from the Spanish, English, . . . Map (db m164890) HM

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Dec. 1, 2023