Lake Forest in Orange County, California — The American West (Pacific Coastal)
The Acjachemen and Tongva weave local resources into their culture.
Heritage Hill Historical Park
Orange County's early inhabitants, the Acjachemen and Tongva, have a history that dates thousands of years, long before the arrival of Europeans. Here in what is now called Saddleback Valley, grasslands and woodlands spread across the valley floor, not yet replaced by concrete and asphalt. Chaparral-cloaked foothills and forests still rise to the east. The coastal strand and ocean still beckon to the west.
Historically, these people found ample resources to sustain their lives and culture on this land. From mountains to coast, small game, birds, plants, and fish and shellfish supplied everything from food and fiber to medicine and musical instruments.
Each fall people harvested acorns from oaks and stored them in granaries like this one. They gathered the shoots of willow for basketry, the bark for skirts and other clothing, and the wood for making canoes, furniture, and houses like this kiicha. Constructed of willow branches and tules, a kiicha is a remarkably well insulated structure.
Many of the plants used by the Acjachemen and Tongva continue to enrich their culture. Today, tribal members still come
Circa 14,000 Years Ago
First people to inhabit North America, the Paleo-Indians, shared the land with ice age animals like mammoths, giant ground sloths, and saber-toothed cats.
Circa 8,000 Years Ago
People of southern California manufactured stone tools, mortars, and pestles to grind seeds.
Circa 1,500 Years Ago
Uto-Aztecan speaking people migrated to this land and developed communities that would crate the Acjachemen and Tongva culture.
Erected by OC Parks.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Anthropology & Archaeology • Native Americans • Settlements & Settlers.
Location. 33° 38.811′ N, 117° 41.405′ W. Marker is in Lake Forest, California, in Orange County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Serrano Road and Winding Way, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 25151 Serrano Rd, Lake Forest CA 92630, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Heritage Hill Historic Park (a few steps from this marker); El Toro, the Early Years (within shouting distance of this marker); Coast Live Oak - Historical Legend (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Heritage Hill Historic Park (within shouting distance of this marker); The Serrano Adobe (within shouting distance of this marker); Angel of Hope (approx. half a mile away); El Toro Memorial Park (approx. 0.6 miles away); In Honor of All Veterans (approx. 0.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Lake Forest.
Credits. This page was last revised on March 25, 2022. It was originally submitted on March 24, 2022, by Adam Margolis of Mission Viejo, California. This page has been viewed 70 times since then and 14 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on March 24, 2022, by Adam Margolis of Mission Viejo, California. • Devry Becker Jones was the editor who published this page.