Near Talihina in Le Flore County, Oklahoma — The American South (West South Central)
Climate, Landscape, and Lifestyle
Small discoveries reveal the past. Three spear points found near the ribs of an imperial mammoth in Oklahoma suggest that people lived here at the end of the last Ice Age.
Archaeologists believe that these nomadic people traveled from one grassy plain to another hunting mammoth and giant bison. The Kiamichi Valley below provided a travel corridor to and from these hunting grounds. Gradually the climate warmed and dried. Long periods of drought and flash floods began to change the landscape. The spruce and pine forests of the Kiamichi Valley were replaced by hardwood trees and the mammoths and giant bison disappeared from the plains. As the climate and landscape changed, so did the people. Moving to the forested areas to find food, they began hunting smaller game such as deer and elk. Acorns, nuts, berries and other plant products of the forest became important food sources.
Erected by US Forest Service.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Animals • Native Americans • Paleontology.
Location. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Muse OK 74949, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 5 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A Settling Experience (here, next to this marker); Lenox Mission (here, next to this marker); Deadman Vista (approx. 4.4 miles away); Horsethief Spring (approx. 4.4 miles away); Where There is Water There Will Be People (approx. 4.4 miles away); Outside the Law In Indian Territory (approx. 4.4 miles away); Life at Stapp (approx. 4.4 miles away); Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) (approx. 4.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Talihina.
Credits. This page was last revised on March 28, 2022. It was originally submitted on March 28, 2022, by Jason Armstrong of Talihina, Oklahoma. This page has been viewed 96 times since then and 7 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on March 28, 2022, by Jason Armstrong of Talihina, Oklahoma. • J. Makali Bruton was the editor who published this page.