Irvine in Orange County, California — The American West (Pacific Coastal)
Late 1700s and 1800s The Endurance of a Culture
Prior to European contact, California's inhabitants established one of the most densely populated regions in North America. When Spanish explorers arrive, bringing with them a variety of diseases, a catastrophic wave of illness and death spreads through the native population.
The population of First Californians drops from an estimated 300,000 in 1769 to less than 150,000 at the end of Mexican control, and ultimately less than 20,000 by the end of the 19th century. The process of Christianization and "forced assimilation" into a new culture also devastates traditional life and culture.
While once considered all but lost, records of the native languages, ancient beliefs, customs, stories and songs survive, an in recent years new generations lead a resurgence of both the Juaneño and Gabrielinó cultures.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Colonial Era • Exploration • Hispanic Americans • Native Americans • Settlements & Settlers. A significant historical year for this entry is 1769.
Location. 33° 42.654′ N, 117° 44.79′ Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 50 Parkdale, Irvine CA 92620, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Northwood Gratitude and Honor Memorial (approx. 1.2 miles away); Frances Packing House (approx. 1.3 miles away); The Old Irvine Blacksmith Shop (approx. 2½ miles away); The Bath House (approx. 2½ miles away); The Bunkhouse (approx. 2½ miles away); Old Town Irvine (approx. 2½ miles away); Hotel, Store, Hamilton Bungalow (approx. 2½ miles away); Living and Working on the Irvine Ranch (approx. 2½ miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Irvine.
Credits. This page was last revised on April 10, 2022. It was originally submitted on April 7, 2022, by Adam Margolis of Mission Viejo, California. This page has been viewed 181 times since then and 58 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on April 7, 2022, by Adam Margolis of Mission Viejo, California. • Devry Becker Jones was the editor who published this page.