Mount Pleasant in Jefferson County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
Quakers and Wars During the 1900s / Quakers and the Civil War
Quakers and Wars During the 1900s
The 1900s saw warfare and humanitarian atrocities around the globe. Quakers were caught in the middle. During World War I, thousands of American men, including Quakers, were drafted. Quakers do not believe in participating in war; so drafted members served in non-combat positions. In 1917, the Quakers founded the American Friends Service Committee (AFSC) as another way for conscientious objectors to aid their country.
In the 1930s, AFSC provided essential positions for civilians caught in the Spanish Civil War. During World War II, AFSC helped Jewish refugees escape from Nazi Germany. They also supported civilians on both sides of the Korean War and the Vietnam War. The organization continues to promote Quaker beliefs in peace and civil justice around the world.
The AFSC protested the Vietnam War outside of the White House.
Banner image: The AFSC fed children caught in the Spanish Civil War.
In the Depression, AFSC helped unemployed Appalachian miners find alternative occupations.
In 1949, Quakers provided assistance to Palestinian refugees in the Gaza Strip.
Quakers and the Civil War
Prior to the Civil War, the nation was deeply divided by slavery. The War would determine if the nation continued as two separate countries or one nation without slavery. Quakers, a pacifist religious sect, were heavily represented in the Abolitionist movement. They helped slaves escape on the Underground Railroad and sometimes opened their homes to those in need.
For Quakers, the Civil War was difficult slavery violated moral laws, they also do not believe in fighting wars. Young Quaker men had the choice of serving in the army or finding replacements. Those who refused to find a replacement were charged a $300 fee. If they refused to pay the exemption fee, they were threatened with the loss of their land.
Levi and Catherine White Coffin were Quaker abolitionists. They set up safe houses for fugitive slaves in Indiana and Ohio.
Banner image: This sketch illustrates the dangers of fugitive slaves and abolitionists faced on the Underground Railroad.
Erected by Ohio Historical Society.
Topics and series. This historical marker Abolition & Underground RR • Charity & Public Work • Churches & Religion • Peace • War, Korean • War, US Civil • War, Vietnam • War, World I • War, World II • Wars, Non-US. In addition, it is included in the Ohio Historical Society / The Ohio History Connection, and the Quakerism series lists. A significant historical year for this entry is 1917.
Location. 40° 10.418′ N, 80° 48.178′ W. Marker is in Mount Pleasant, Ohio, in Jefferson County. Marker is at the intersection of Market Street and South Street, on the right when traveling north on Market Street. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 298 Market St, Dillonvale OH 43917, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Anti-Slavery Pioneer / Schisms (here, next Mount Pleasant Today / What Is A Quaker? (here, next to this marker); Building the Meetinghouse / Abolition (here, next to this marker); Mount Pleasant's Beginnings / The Testimony of Equality (here, next to this marker); Samuel Gill House (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Benjamin Lundy Home / Free Labor Store (about 500 feet away); Free Labor Store / Benjamin Lundy House (about 500 feet away); Elizabeth House Mansion (about 500 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Mount Pleasant.
Additional keywords. religious pacifism
Credits. This page was last revised on April 24, 2022. It was originally submitted on April 23, 2022, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 90 times since then and 22 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on April 23, 2022, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.