Near Sharpsburg in Washington County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
1862 Antietam Campaign
Lee Invades Maryland
Fresh from victory at the Second Battle of Manassas, Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia crossed the Potomac River on September 4-6, 1862, to bring the Civil War to Northern soil and to recruit sympathetic Marylanders. Union Gen. George B. McClellan’s Army of the Potomac pursued Lee, who had detached Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson’s force to capture the Union garrison at Harpers Ferry. After the Federals pushed the remaining Confederates out of the South Mountain gaps, Lee awaited Jackson's return near Sharpsburg and Antietam Creek.
On September 17, at the Battle of Antietam, the two armies clashed in the bloodiest single day in American history and suffered some 23,000 casualties. Lee soon retreated across the Potomac, ending his first invasion of the north.
Follow in the footsteps of Gens. Lee and McClellan along Maryland Civil War Trail’s Antietam Campaign: Lee Invades Maryland, a 90 mile tour route that allows you to explore the stories of triumph and tragedy at more than 60 Civil War sites. Please travel carefully as you enjoy the beauty and history along the trail.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Maryland Civil War Trails series list.
Location. 39° 26.949′ N, 77° 46.254′ W. Marker is near Sharpsburg, Maryland, in Washington County. Marker is on Shepherdstown Pike (Maryland Route 34). Located in a parking area to the east of the road. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Sharpsburg MD 21782, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 10 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Grove Farm (here, next to this marker); Antietam Station (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Civil War Veterans Walkway To Glory At Antietam (approx. 0.3 miles away); Headquarters Site Gen. R.E. Lee (approx. 0.7 miles away); Jacob Highbarger House (approx. 1.2 miles away); First Methodist Cemetery (approx. 1.2 miles away); Jackson's Command (approx. 1.3 miles away); Longstreet's Command (approx. 1.3 miles away); Kemper's (Va) Brigade (approx. 1.3 miles away); 1st Maryland Artillery (CSA) (approx. 1.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Sharpsburg.
More about this marker. This is an example of the standard marker used for Civil War Trails - Antietam Campaign sites, and is duplicated in several locations in Maryland, Virginia, and West Virginia. The marker features portraits of Gens. Robert E. Lee and George B. McClellan. Newspaper drawing depict Union troops storming Crampton’s Gap and Confederate forces crossing the Potomac. A map indicates important sites related to the Antietam Campaign.
Regarding 1862 Antietam Campaign. Marker was taken down for maintenance in 2009.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Markers related to the 1862
Credits. This page was last revised on October 12, 2020. It was originally submitted on August 3, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,561 times since then. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on October 12, 2020, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. 3. submitted on August 3, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page.