Anderson in Anderson County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
Anderson County Courthouse Annex Park
The location of the Anderson County Courthouse Annex on the corner of Fant and River Street has unique significance to Anderson's history. The site is the location of the 1865 federal encampment of the First Maine, 33rd Regiment, United States Colored Troops (USCT), a military unit composed of African American soldiers. The encampment included the terrain where historic McCant's Middle School now stands, continuing to the corner of Fant and River Streets. The First Marine troops, 33rd Regiment consisted of freed men under the command of white officers. The officers were housed at the Benson Hotel in town and eventually, the soldiers were garrisoned at Johnson Female University.
During a period of time directly after the ending of the Civil War, Anderson had African American troops garrisoned to maintain law and order. This era was referred to as "Presidential Reconstruction." It began with the surrender of the Confederate government and ended with the Congressional Reconstruction.
The era reflected the lawlessness of the time period when the story of Anderson County native Manse Jolly, a returning veteran of Company
Very few references regarding the occupation exist; however, the diaries of Andersonian Emmala Reed give a view of occupied Anderson in this period. Emmala wrote "my alma mater (Johnson University), now sold by our vile Maine garrison - as a Yankee hospital - desecrated."
Another source are the papers of Lt. Col. Charles Taylor Trowbridge, who was the commander of the First Maine, 33rd Regiment, USCT, who were stationed in Anderson on August 14, 1865. Colonel Trowbridge faced many challenges to restore order in the three counties of Pickens, Oconee, and Anderson, and survived several close encounters with Manse Jolly, who threatened to kill him. The First Maine left Anderson in September 1865.
Erected 2008 by Anderson County and the Sons of Confederate Veterans, Manse Jolly Camp #6.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Sons of Confederate Veterans/United Confederate Veterans marker series.
Location. 34° 30.067′ N, 82° 38.667′ W. Marker is in Anderson, South Carolina, in Anderson County. Marker Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 401 East River Street, Greenville SC 29601, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 10 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. William Law Watkins (about 700 feet away, measured in a direct line); William Bullein Johnson (approx. 0.2 miles away); A Living Tribute (approx. 0.2 miles away); St. John's Methodist Church (approx. 0.2 miles away); The First Baptist Church Bell (approx. 0.2 miles away); G. Ross Anderson Jr. Federal Building and United States Courthouse (approx. 0.2 miles away); Historic Wilhite House (approx. 0.2 miles away); Grace Episcopal Church (approx. 0.2 miles away); Masonic Temple -- 1889 (approx. ¼ mile away); In Commemoration of Black Pioneers (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Anderson.
Also see . . .
1. United States Colored Troops. The United States Colored Troops (USCT) were regiments of the United States Army during the American Civil War that were composed of African-American soldiers. (Submitted on June 10, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
2. United States Colored Troops: A Short History. Before Fort Sumter, South Carolina was fired upon on April 12, 1861, seven (Submitted on June 10, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
3. Manson Sherrill Jolly. Articles about Manson Sherrill Jolly. (Submitted on June 10, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
4. First South Carolina Cavalry: A Unit History. The First South Carolina Regiment of Cavalry as formed in 1861 and ordered up to Northern Virginia in the fall of 1862. (Submitted on June 10, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
5. First South Carolina Cavalry: Company F Roster. Complete roster of Company F. (Submitted on June 10, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.)
1. Manse Jolly
The exploits of Manse Jolly, the Confederate who never surrendered, have become legendary in the Anderson area. Jolly was the most wanted man in western South Carolina, the United States Army not only having a price on his head, but often sending out detachments from the Federal garrison in Anderson to being him back dead or alive.
Of the seven sons of Mr. and Mrs.
When Jolly, having 23 notches on his gun handle,
On the way to Texas, it is said that Jolly killed a dozen more Yankees. But his career ended shortly thereafter; his grave is in the Little River cemetery near Cameron, Texas, the headstone bearing the Masonic emblem. The headstone states that Manse Jolly drowned in Walker's Creek, in Milam County, at the age of 29. His faithful horse, Dixie, drowned with him. (Source: Anderson County Sketches editied by Elizabeth Belser Fuller (1969).)
— Submitted January 30, 2012, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.
Categories. • African Americans • War, US Civil •
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Credits. This page was last revised on December 11, 2019. This page originally submitted on June 10, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 2,883 times since then and 9 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on June 10, 2009, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina. 6, 7, 8, 9. submitted on January 30, 2012, by Brian Scott of Anderson, South Carolina.