Richmond, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
Robert E. Lee Monument
Erected 1890 by the Lee Monument Commission.
Topics and series. This monument and memorial is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the National Historic Landmarks series list.
Location. Marker has been permanently removed. It was located near 37° 33.23′ N, 77° 27.608′ W. Marker was in Richmond, Virginia. Memorial was at the intersection of Monument Avenue and N Allen Avenue, in the median on Monument Avenue. Touch for map. Marker was in this post office area: Richmond VA 23220, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this location. First Regiment of Virginia Infantry (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); Site of Richmond College (approx. 0.2 miles away); Hartshorn Memorial College (approx. 0.4 miles away); The Equal Suffrage League of Virginia (approx. 0.4 miles away); Maggie Lena Walker (approx. half a mile away); Jefferson Davis (approx. half a mile away); Richmond Professional Institute (approx. half a mile away); Founders Hall (approx. half a mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Richmond.
More about this monument. Bronze by Marius Jean Antonin Mercie (1845-1916) is 21 feet high on a 40 foot granite and marble base. The sculpture cost nearly $17,000 and the base cost between $10,000 and $12,000. The base was designed by architect Paul Pujol and was executed by James Netherwood. The sculpture was exhibited in Paris before being dismantled and shipped to Richmond. —Smithsonian Art Inventories Catalog.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Take a tour of the monuments on “America’s Most Beautiful Boulevard.”
Also see . . .
1. Robert E. Lee. Biography of Lee from ‘The Men Behind the Myth: Who's Who Among Confederate Heroes’ webpage. (Submitted on June 11, 2009, by Bill Coughlin of Woodland Park, New Jersey.)
2. Robert Edward Lee (1807-1870). Civil War Biography page. (Submitted on June 11, 2009, by Bill Coughlin of Woodland Park, New Jersey.)
3. Robert E. Lee opposed Confederate monuments. 2017 story by Lisa Desjardins on the PBS News Hour. Excerpt:
“It’s often forgotten that Lee himself, after the Civil War, opposed monuments, specifically Confederate war monuments,” said Jonathan Horn, the author of the Lee biography, The Man Who Would Not Be Washington.(Submitted on June 11, 2020.)
In his writings, Lee cited multiple reasons for opposing such monuments, questioning the cost of a potential Stonewall Jackson monument, for example. But underlying it all was one rationale: That the war had ended, and the South needed to move on and avoid more upheaval. ...
“Lee believed countries that erased visible signs of civil war recovered from conflicts quicker,” Horn said. “He was worried that by keeping these symbols alive, it would keep the divisions alive.”
4. Wikipedia entry for this monument. Excerpt:
The cornerstone for the monument was placed on October 27, 1887. The statue arrived in Richmond by rail on May 4, 1890. Newspaper accounts indicate that 10,000 people helped pull four wagons with the pieces of the monument. The completed statue was unveiled on May 29, 1890. Two of Lee’s daughters, Mary Custis Lee and Mildred Childe Lee, attended the dedication.(Submitted on June 11, 2020.)
In 1992, the iron fence around the monument was removed, in part because drivers unfamiliar with traffic circles would run into the fence from time to time and force costly repairs. After the fences came down, the stone base became a popular sunbathing spot. In December 2006, the state completed an extensive cleaning and repair of the monument. It has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places since 2007, the Virginia Landmarks Register since 2006, and is located in the Monument Avenue Historic District.
Credits. This page was last revised on September 8, 2021. It was originally submitted on June 11, 2009, by Bill Coughlin of Woodland Park, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 1,250 times since then and 55 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on June 11, 2009, by Bill Coughlin of Woodland Park, New Jersey. 5. submitted on February 15, 2015, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. 6. submitted on May 10, 2012, by Bernard Fisher of Richmond, Virginia. 7. submitted on September 2, 2021, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio. 8. submitted on February 15, 2015, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.