“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Richmond

Clickable Map of Chesterfield County, Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Chesterfield County, VA (212) Amelia County, VA (33) Charles City County, VA (65) Colonial Heights Ind. City, VA (19) Dinwiddie County, VA (128) Goochland County, VA (23) Henrico County, VA (307) Hopewell Ind. City, VA (64) Petersburg Ind. City, VA (156) Powhatan County, VA (26) Prince George County, VA (32) Richmond Ind. City, VA (457)  ChesterfieldCounty(212) Chesterfield County (212)  AmeliaCounty(33) Amelia County (33)  CharlesCityCounty(65) Charles City County (65)  (19) Colonial Heights (19)  DinwiddieCounty(128) Dinwiddie County (128)  GoochlandCounty(23) Goochland County (23)  HenricoCounty(307) Henrico County (307)  (64) Hopewell (64)  (156) Petersburg (156)  PowhatanCounty(26) Powhatan County (26)  PrinceGeorgeCounty(32) Prince George County (32)  Richmond(457) Richmond (457)
Richmond, Virginia and Vicinity
    Chesterfield County (212)
    Amelia County (33)
    Charles City County (65)
    Colonial Heights (19)
    Dinwiddie County (128)
    Goochland County (23)
    Henrico County (307)
    Hopewell (64)
    Petersburg (156)
    Powhatan County (26)
    Prince George County (32)
    Richmond (457)
Touch name on list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — "A Very Neat Chapel"
The little white chapel that stood here was built by soldiers of the garrison and held 150 people. Different ministers came from Richmond each week to preach. A small burial ground was located just 50 yards beyond the chapel—a reminder that . . . — Map (db m37025) HM
2Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — A Perfect Gibraltar
After the repulse of the Union Navy on May 15, 1862, Drewry’s Bluff became famous as a tangible symbol of Confederate resistance. Work crews made up of impressed slave labor continued construction of the fort, eventually completing a four-sided, . . . — Map (db m55349) HM
3Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — A Permanent Post
By 1863 the Drewry’s Bluff post expanded into a military city. Hundreds of Confederate soldiers, sailors, and Marines camped on these grounds. The Confederate States Naval Academy held classes in buildings and aboard the side-wheeled steamer CSS . . . — Map (db m46891) HM
4Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — S-3 — Ampthill Estate
Built before 1732 by Henry Cary, this was the home of Colonel Archibald Cary, a Revolutionary leader of Virginia. The house was moved, 1929-30, to its present location off Cary Street Road in Richmond's West End. — Map (db m24997) HM
5Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — S-8 — Battle of Drewry’s Bluff
From this point the Confederates, on May 16, 1864, moved to attack the Union Army of the James under Butler advancing northward on Richmond. — Map (db m14893) HM
6Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Battle of Drewry’s BluffDrewry’s Bluff - 1862
May 15, 1862 When Federal gunboats round the bend, they enter a shooting gallery. Confederate soldiers and marines along the riverbanks rake the decks with musket fire. These batteries, ninety feet above the water, are perched too high for . . . — Map (db m14897) HM
7Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Bellwood Elk HerdWapiti (Cervus canadensis)
Around the turn of the 20th century, James Bellwood, an agriculturalist and the owner of this property set aside a few acres to be used as a wooded preserve and imported a pair of elk from Yosemite National Park and Washington State. The elk became . . . — Map (db m73984) HM
8Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — O-27 — Bethlehem Baptist Church
Formerly Spring Creek Church. Organized, July 25, 1790. Benjamin Watkins, founder and first pastor, 1790-1831. Located four miles northwest, 1790-1855. Then four miles southwest, 1855-1897. Moved to this location, 1897. Home church of Nannie Bland . . . — Map (db m31545) HM
9Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Bombproof and WellDrewry’s Bluff – 1862 / 1864
The soldier is sitting in the doorway of the bombproof, a shelter during heavy bombardment. — Map (db m15496) HM
10Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Camp Beall
“Drewry’s Bluff, at least for the present, is the headquarters of the Corps, and I may consequently reasonably expect to stay here for some time at least.” Henry Lea Graves, 1862 From 1862 to 1865, the training of . . . — Map (db m55347) HM
11Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Cary’s Mill Overlookcirca 1750 — Falling Creek Ironworks Park —
Archibald Cary established an iron forge on the south bank of Falling Creek in 1750. The Chesterfield forge, as it was known, converted pig iron into bar iron. Initially unprofitable and shut down, the forge would be restarted and become . . . — Map (db m101039) HM
12Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Covered WayDrewry’s Bluff – 1862 / 1864
During battle, supplies could be brought into the fort through the Covered Way, a tunnel protected from shell-fire. — Map (db m15498) HM
13Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Cultural History — Falling Creek Ironworks Park —
The history associated with Falling Creek Park spans more than 400 years. Numerous industries existed along the creek from the 17th to the early 20th century. The earliest industry that existed at this location was the first iron furnace . . . — Map (db m101036) HM
14Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Drewry’s BluffRichmond Battlefield — Richmond Nat’l Battlefield Pk – 1862/64 —
The presence of the Confederate bastion here at Drewry’s Bluff was one reason that most of the Civil War action around Richmond occurred north of the James River. Strong earthen fortifications and river obstructions, erected in 1862, effectively . . . — Map (db m15080) HM
15Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — S-15 — Drewry’s Bluff
A mile east is Drewry's Bluff, James River fortification of Richmond, 1862-1865. Earthworks remain. — Map (db m16020) HM
16Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — S-5 — Drewry’s Bluff
This bluff on the James River, a mile east, was fortified by Captain A. H. Drewry in 1862. A Union fleet, attempting to pass it, was driven back, May 15, 1862; and thereafter it served as a bar to attacks on Richmond by water. On June 16, 1864, . . . — Map (db m16021) HM
17Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — 7 — Drewry’s BluffCaptain John Smith’s Adventures on the James — —
John Smith recalled visiting the Arrohateck Indian capital during a May 1607 expedition led by Christopher Newport. The town was located on the northern shore of the James River opposite of here and was noted on John Smith’s 1612 Map of Virginia. . . . — Map (db m37032) HM
18Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Drewry’s Bluff TrailRichmond National Battlefield Park
Along this trail the first shots were fired in the campaign to capture Richmond that would last from 1862 to 1865. This one-half mile trail will take you to the Confederate fort named Fort Drewry by southerners and Fort Darling by the Federals. On . . . — Map (db m15169) HM
19Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Drewry's Bluff
(left panel) Visiting Richmond National Battlefield Park The concentration of Civil War resources found in the Richmond area is unparalleled. The National Park Service manages 13 sites, giving visitors an opportunity to examine the . . . — Map (db m37022) HM
20Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Duty Above and Beyond
“Mr. President, these are the young heroes of Fort Darling…. The President took them all by the hand and personally thanked them for their magnificent conduct and example, ordered that each one should receive a Medal of honor and to be . . . — Map (db m37027) HM
21Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Falling Creek Iron Works1619-1622
Vanished now but for a trace, Falling Creek is the site of the first industrial ironworks in the New World. The close proximity of iron ore, wood for fuel and power provided by the falling water made the Falling Creek site perfect for this . . . — Map (db m32587) HM
22Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — S-4 — Falling Creek Ironworks
Nearby on Falling Creek is the first ironworks in English North America. It was established by the Virginia Company to supply iron for the colony and for export to England. Construction began in 1619. The works, including a blast furnace, were . . . — Map (db m16015) HM
23Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Falling Creek Stone Bridge1826-1828 — Falling Creek Ironworks Park —
The site of Virginia’s first wayside park was established in 1934. It was developed to serve as a picnic area by the Virginia State Highway Department and the Chesterfield Garden Club in 1933-1934. A State Historical Marker located in . . . — Map (db m101031) HM
24Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Falling Creek Stone Bridge1826-1828 — Falling Creek Ironworks Park —
The site of Virginia’s first wayside park was established in 1934. It was developed to serve as a picnic area by the Virginia State Highway Department and the Chesterfield Garden Club in 1933-1934. A State Historical Marker located in . . . — Map (db m101042) HM
25Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Finishing Fort Drewry
Immediately after the battle, men of Chesterfield County’s own Southside Artillery, along with others, worked to strengthen the fort. The section before you was likely their first project. Eventually the earthworks around you formed an enclosed . . . — Map (db m37029) HM
26Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — 59 — Fort DarlingDefences of Drewry's Bluff
Eastward 150 yards was the Confederate Fort Darling which constituted, with the works at Chaffin’s Bluff across the James, the main defence of the approaches to Richmond by water. Often the target of Federal fire, Fort Darling held out till Richmond . . . — Map (db m14278) HM
27Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Fort StevensButler’s Campaign Ends — Bermuda Hundred Campaign —
“Neither army, however, manifested any disposition either to advance or retire. It was a case of stand and fire, each endeavoring to cripple the other the most, and gain, if it could, some advantage here or there. The enemy’s one battery . . . — Map (db m14895) HM
28Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Fort Stevens
Built in 1862, Fort Stevens was part of the Confederate inter-defense line of Richmond. This fort was named for Col. W.H. Stevens, who was in charge of the construction of Richmond’s defenses. Most fortifications were built quickly and made of earth . . . — Map (db m14903) HM
29Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Historic Route 11913-1926 — Falling Creek Ironworks Park —
The United Daughters of the Confederacy conceived of the Jefferson Davis Highway in 1913, along the same series of roads in Virginia that U.S. Route 1 later followed. The Virginia General Assembly officially designated the United Daughters of the . . . — Map (db m101041) HM
30Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Historic Route 11913-1926 — Falling Creek Ironworks Park —
The United Daughters of the Confederacy conceived of the Jefferson Davis Highway in 1913, along the same series of roads in Virginia that U.S. Route 1 later followed. The Virginia General Assembly officially designated the United Daughters of the . . . — Map (db m101045) HM
31Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Historic Village of Bensleycirca 1909 — Falling Creek Ironworks Park —
Located at this site was the beginning of one of the earliest residential communities in Chesterfield County. Historic Village Of Bensley Created by Albert Bensley in 1909, the Village of Bensley was marketed as a modem, convenient . . . — Map (db m101037) HM
32Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Historic Village of Bensleycirca 1909 — Falling Creek Ironworks Park —
Located at this site was the beginning of one of the earliest residential communities in Chesterfield County. Historic Village Of Bensley Created by Albert Bensley in 1909, the Village of Bensley was marketed as a modem, convenient . . . — Map (db m101044) HM
33Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Hot Shot and Wooden Ships
It was the end of an era: the advent of the ironclad made traditional wooden-hulled warships obsolete. Despite this, the Confederates used a centuries-old device here: the hot-shot furnace. Inside the furnace, solid shot were heated red-hot. Clay . . . — Map (db m55350) HM
34Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Iron Furnace Overlook1619-1622 — Falling Creek Ironworks Park —
This is the location of the first iron furnace established in the New World, started in 1619 and completed in 1622. Iron ore had been extracted from James River outcrops as early as 1608, and these samples were shipped to England. The Virginia . . . — Map (db m101038) HM
35Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — May 15, 1862—The Battle of Drewry's Bluff
When Federal gunboats rounded the distant bend in the James, they entered a shooting gallery. Confederate soldiers and Marines along the riverbanks raked the decks with musket fire. Confederate guns here in the fort opened fire. The river . . . — Map (db m37028) HM
36Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Natural History — Falling Creek Ironworks Park —
The Falling Creek Ironworks site is located seven miles south of Richmond, along Falling Creek, adjacent to Jefferson Davis Highway. The location also serves as a gateway to the area and is a draw for visitors to the Falling Creek Greenway with . . . — Map (db m101040) HM
37Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Natural History — Falling Creek Ironworks Park —
The Falling Creek Ironworks site is located seven miles south of Richmond, along Falling Creek, adjacent to Jefferson Davis Highway. The location also serves as a gateway to the area and is a draw for visitors to the Falling Creek Greenway with . . . — Map (db m101043) HM
38Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — O-37 — Providence United Methodist Church
Established by 1807, the Providence Church congregation of the Methodist Episcopal Church became one of the first Methodist congregations in Chesterfield County to build a permanent house of worship when it constructed a meeting house here before . . . — Map (db m22698) HM
39Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — S-9 — Second Battle of Drewry's Bluff
The Second Battle of Drewry's Bluff, or the Proctor's Creek engagement, began on 14 May 1864 when part of Union Maj. Gen. Benjamin F. Butler's Army of the James feigned an attack toward Richmond from Bermuda Hundred. After two days of skirmishing, . . . — Map (db m16022) HM
40Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Site of First Iron Foundry in America
Site of First Iron Foundry in America Established in 1619 — Map (db m16036) HM
41Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — The Bermuda CampaignMay 1864
As part of Ulysses S. Grant’s overall strategic plan to win the Civil War, Gen. Butler’s Federal army advanced up the James River in the spring of 1864 in an effort to operate against Richmond from the south while the Army of the Potomac approached . . . — Map (db m14904) HM
42Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — The First Marine Medal of HonorDrewry’s Bluff — Richmond National Battlefield Park, NPS —
On May 15, 1862, during the Battle of Drewry’s Bluff, Southern marksmen in rifle pits – including two companies of Confederate States Marines – swept the gun deck of USS Galena, severely limiting its ability to fight. The U.S. . . . — Map (db m14901) HM
43Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — The Gregory Burial Ground
This plot is reserved in perpetuity for the Gregory family, who owned a working plantation here between 1797 and 1866. This site was settled in 1610 by the Thomas Sheffield family under a royal patent of 2,300 acres from the Crown of England. The . . . — Map (db m143045) HM
44Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — The USS Monitor
During the Peninsula Campaign in the spring of 1862, a variety of innovative weapons saw action. But nothing captured the public’s attention more than ironclad warships, in particular the USS Monitor. After its epic duel with the CSS . . . — Map (db m55346) HM
45Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — S-2 — Warwick
Located eight miles downstream from Richmond, Warwick was an important 18th-century James River port and manufacturing center. During the Revolutionary War, Warwick's craftsmen turned out clothing and shoes, and its mills ground flour and meal for . . . — Map (db m16014) HM
46Virginia (Goochland County), Richmond — SA-24 — Tuckahoe
Perhaps the oldest frame residence on James River west of Richmond, Tuckahoe was begun about 1715 by Thomas Randolph. The little schoolhouse still stands here where Thomas Jefferson began his childhood studies. Famous guests here have included . . . — Map (db m25625) HM
47Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — A National Cemetery System
Civil War Dead An estimated 700,000 Union and Confederate soldiers died in the Civil War between April 1861 and April 1865. As the death toll rose, the U.S. government struggled with the urgent but unplanned need to bury fallen Union . . . — Map (db m89722) HM
48Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — V-48 — Action at Osborne's
On 27 April 1781, Brig. Gen. Benedict Arnold led the British army's 76th and 80th Regiments, the Queen's Rangers, and some other units in an assault at Osborne's in Chesterfield County. The Americans posted a number of Virginia Navy ships near here . . . — Map (db m9607) HM
49Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — E 104-a — Adèle Goodman Clark
Adèle Goodman Clark fought tirelessly to champion both women’s rights and the arts in Virginia. Clark gained prominence for pro-suffrage speeches and writings as a founding member in 1909 of the Equal Suffrage League of Virginia. She used her . . . — Map (db m47379) HM
50Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — Battle at Meadow BridgeForcing a Crossing
On May 12, 1864, this crossing of the Chickahominy River was the scene of a sharp engagement between Union and Confederate cavalry The previous day, Gen. Philip Sheridan and his Union troopers fought and defeated Gen. J.E.B. Stuart and his . . . — Map (db m15217) HM
51Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — Battle of Darbytown RoadLee’s Last Advance North of the James
A massive two-pronged Union attack on September 29, 1864, captured New Market Heights and a section of Richmond’s outer defenses including Fort Harrison. Not wishing to concede a vital part of his line to the enemy, Confederate commander Robert E. . . . — Map (db m3688) HM
52Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — HC-26 — Belmont
Edward J. Warren, a farmer, was the first owner of the house on 100 acres in 1858. Warren, a private in the 34th Virginia Infantry, was captured by Union troops and held prisoner at Fort Monroe. The property is first referred to as Belmont in the . . . — Map (db m24750) HM
53Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — Black Troops Attack at Chaffin’s FarmFort Gilmer – 1864
Confederate Fort Gilmer loomed as a major obstacle to any advance on Richmond. On the afternoon of September 29, 1864, several regiments of black troops stormed these works only to be driven back. A portion of the 7th United States Colored Troops, . . . — Map (db m24823) HM
54Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — Bombproof and CasemateFort Harrison – 1864
Bombproof Federal soldiers are standing at the entrance to a bombproof, built of earth-covered logs to shelter troops during bombardment. Magazines of similar construction stored powder and ammunition. Casemate This gun embrasure was . . . — Map (db m15487) HM
55Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — E-4 — Brook Road
According to tradition, the Marquis de Lafayette marched his colonial troops from the north into Richmond on portions of present-day Brook Road late in April 1781. Established in 1812, the Brook Turnpike Company constructed a turnpike along this . . . — Map (db m15847) HM
56Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — V-16 — Campaign of 1781
The roads through Henrico County were important routes for the Revolutionary War campaign of 1781. To avoid British Gen. Charles Cornwallis's troops advancing from Petersburg, the Marquis de Lafayette left Richmond by 27 May and marched northward . . . — Map (db m15853) HM
57Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — HC-27 — Cedar Hill
Cedar Hill was constructed ca. 1820 and originally stood off Creighton Road near the Hanover County line. During the Civil War, units of Kershaw's Division of the Army of the Confederate States set up camp at Cedar Hill and built fortifications on . . . — Map (db m36265) HM
58Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — W-3 — Charles City Road
This strategically important road ran from the Williamsburg Road southeast past White's Tavern, across White Oak Swamp, and into the Riddell's Shop intersection with the Long Bridge and Darbytown roads, eight miles distant. As Gen. Robert E. Lee's . . . — Map (db m15923) HM
59Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — Chickahominy BluffRichmond Battlefield — Richmond Nat’l Battlefield Pk – 1862/64 —
On this ridge overlooking the Chickahominy River, General Lee, President Davis, and many other prominent Confederate officers gathered to await the start of the operations that came to be called the Seven Days Campaign. They expected . . . — Map (db m14977) HM
60Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — Chickahominy Bluff1862 Seven Days' Battles
(left panel) Visiting Richmond National Battlefield Park The concentration of Civil War resources found in the Richmond area is unparalleled. The National Park Service manages 13 sites, giving visitors an opportunity to examine the . . . — Map (db m34663) HM
61Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — Civil War Balloonists
Dedicated to the intrepid and patriotic men: the Civil War Balloonists, Union and Confederate, known and unknown who against ridicule and skepticism laid the foundation for this nation’s future in the sky. Inscribed hereon are the names of . . . — Map (db m24824) HM
62Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — Confederate BulwarkFort Johnson - 1864
Fort Johnson was perfectly situated to protect Richmond. From this commanding ridge the Confederate garrison looked out across the treeless landscape that offered an open field of fire for their guns. A deep ditch protected by sharpened stakes added . . . — Map (db m15087) HM
63Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — Confederate Fortifications
These northernmost fortifications along Brook Road operated as an early warning system for Confederate troops defending Richmond. Earthworks designed for artillery, located on each side of the road, blocked sudden enemy advances against the capital. . . . — Map (db m15945) HM
64Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — CounterattackFort Harrison – 1864
The day after Federals captured Fort Harrison, Robert E. Lee personally directed savage Confederate counterattacks against this section of earthworks. Union forces had already closed and strengthened the rear of the fort. Armed with new repeating . . . — Map (db m15485) HM
65Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — Dabbs HouseLee’s First Headquarters — 1862 Peninsula Campaign —
In May 1862, Gen. George McClellan’s Union army was poised on the outskirts of Richmond threatening the Confederate capital. Here, in the Dabbs House, Robert E. Lee, as new commander of the Army of Northern Virginia, opened his headquarters on June . . . — Map (db m15930) HM
66Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — SA-31 — Dahlgren's Raid
Col. Ulric Dahlgren's Union cavalry passed through this area late in the evening of 1 March 1864 before defeating the Richmond Armory Battalion at the Battle of Green's Farm, just south on Three Chopt Road. Dahlgren led his command toward Richmond . . . — Map (db m16013) HM
67Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — W-1 — Darbytown Road
During the Seven Days' Campaign, Maj. Gen. James Longstreet's and Maj. Gen. A. P. Hill's Confederate divisions moved east along Darbytown Road toward its junction with the Long Bridge Road. This junction is about three miles southwest of Riddell's . . . — Map (db m15921) HM
68Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — W-101 — Darbytown Road / Pioneer Baptist Church
The Battle of Darbytown Road, 7 Oct. 1864, was the last large Confederate offensive north of the James River. Gen. Robert E. Lee personally supervised the operation. Attacking from the west astride the Darbytown Road, Lee’s infantry shattered the . . . — Map (db m16302) HM
69Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — Deep Bottom LandingA Vital Link
After the Battle of Cold Harbor in June 1864, Grant and Lee shifted their armies to Petersburg; but Grant did not wish to abandon the Richmond front entirely. He had Gen. Benjamin Butler position a small force from his Army of the James here at Deep . . . — Map (db m15697) HM
70Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — Defending Richmond
"The fortifications constructed by the Confederate army in this vicinity & about Richmond are miles in extent & I must add that they are as strong, if not the strongestin the world." - Julian Scott, Union Army Veteran May 1865 From the war's . . . — Map (db m55720) HM
71Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — Emek Sholom Holocaust Memorial — Placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1999 —
On November 6, 1955, the New American Jewish Club, a group of immigrants and survivors of the Nazi purge of European Jewry, gathered here to unveil the three center sections of this Holocaust memorial, one of the first such memorials in North . . . — Map (db m74268) HM WM
72Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — E-104 — Emmanuel Church at Brook Hill Episcopal
Built directly west by John Stewart of Brook Hill and consecrated by the Right Reverend John Johns on 6 July 1860, Emmanuel Church (Episcopal) is a classic example of late-antebellum Gothic Revival architecture. Considerable military activity took . . . — Map (db m24729) HM
73Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — PA-240 — Engagement at Malvern Cliffs
On 30 June 1862, as Gen. Robert E. Lee concentrated his troops to attack Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan's retreating Union army at Glendale, Maj. Gen. Theophilus H. Holmes brigade of Confederate troops moved down New Market Road on Lee's right. Union . . . — Map (db m9247) HM
74Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — First Lieutenant Jimmie W. Monteith, Jr.
Commemorating the beautiful life of First Lieutenant Jimmie W. Monteith, Jr. He died June 6, 1944 on the shores of Normandy and lies buried at St. Laurent, France. Age 26 years. A Virginian by birth, descending from a long line of her . . . — Map (db m61634) WM
75Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — Fort Harrison TrailFort Harrison - 1862/1864
Both Federals and Confederates occupied this fort. Originally these earthworks were part of the 1862 Richmond line of defense. When Federal troops overran the fort in 1864, they built more than half the earthworks you will see on the tour, and . . . — Map (db m15484) HM
76Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — Gabriel’s Insurrection
Just to the north where Brook Road crosses Brook Run creek was the rendezvous point for the largest U.S. slave revolt ever planned. It was to be here on August 30, 1800, that Gabriel, a slave from nearby Brookfield Plantation, called for hundreds of . . . — Map (db m15944) HM
77Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — Gabriel’s RebellionA Failed Insurrection
Adjacent to this park, in a location known as Young’s Spring (1), Gabriel, a slave of Thomas Prosser, was appointed leader of the rebellion in the summer of 1800. He lived on Brookfield Plantation (2) in Henrico County. His objectives were to . . . — Map (db m24744) HM
78Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — E-102 — Gabriel's Rebellion
Gabriel, a slave of Thomas Prosser of nearby Brookfield plantation, planned a slave insurrection against Richmond on 30 Aug. 1800. The slaves intended to kidnap Governor James Monroe and compel him to support political, social, and economic equality . . . — Map (db m15850) HM
79Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — HC-14 — George Thorpe
On April 3, 1620, The London Company hired George Thorpe to manage the land and tenants for the proposed "university and college" on 11,000 acres on the north bank of the James River above Henrico Town. The agricultural activities of the tenants . . . — Map (db m9606) HM
80Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — E 3-a — Grace Evelyn Arents
Grace Arents was a visionary social reformer and philanthropist whose quiet determination and generosity transformed Richmond. Her passions were children, nature, books, architecture, and her church. To aid the poor, “Miss Grace” . . . — Map (db m54174) HM
81Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — V-29 — Henrico Town
In 1611, Sir Thomas Dale established the second English settlement in Virginia called Henrico in honor of Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales, son of King James I. The town was located four miles southwest on a peninsula of high land on the James . . . — Map (db m9612) HM
82Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — V 55 — James River Steam Brewery
Nearby stood the James River Steam Brewery, built in 1866 during a national boom in beer production. The five-story facility contributed to Richmond’s post-Civil War industrial recovery, and its beer garden served as a community center. David G. . . . — Map (db m143044) HM
83Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — HC-22 — John Marshall's Farm
Near this location stood Chickahominy Farm, the country residence of U.S. Chief Justice John Marshall. Spending weekends at the farm with his wife, Marshall wrote that farming provided many hours of "laborious relaxation." Born in 1755, Marshall . . . — Map (db m20730) HM
84Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — SA-57 — Joseph Bryan Park
Before becoming a park, this property was part of the Young family's Westbrook estate in the 1700s and later Rosewood, home of the Mordecai family. It was a gathering place for participants in Gabriel's Rebellion in 1800. During the Civil War, . . . — Map (db m24751) HM
85Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — EA-3 — Laurel Historic District
Laurel, first named Hungary Station, was the location of a spur railroad line to the coal fields in western Henrico County. During the Civil War the station here was burned, and Colonel Ulrich Dahlgren's body was secretly buried here in March 1864 . . . — Map (db m10650) HM
86Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — HC-11 — New Market Road
Legend indicates that the road was once an Indian trail. In the early nineteenth century, a "new market" was established in Richmond to replace the old one in Williamsburg. This road was eventually referred to as New Market Road. The 1819 Wood's . . . — Map (db m9241) HM
87Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — HC-32 — Nine Mile Road
First known as New Bridge Road, the name “Nine Mile” comes from the distance between Richmond and Seven Pines ending at Williamsburg Road. In 1888, Richmond City and Seven Pines Railway Company established a route along the road. This . . . — Map (db m53979) HM
88Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — E-114 — Old Dominion Building
William Lawrence Bottomley (1883-1951), the well-known architect who planned a number of sophisticated Colonial Revival houses for wealthy Richmond-area clients, also designed this large utilitarian structure. In 1946, Atlantic Rural Exposition, . . . — Map (db m29193) HM
89Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — V-17 — Outer Defenses
By 1864, a complex series of fortifications north of Richmond and the James River protected the capital of the Confederacy. The outer line of western defenses crossed the road (then called the Deep Run Turnpike) here. The intermediate defensive line . . . — Map (db m16012) HM
90Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — O-5 — Outer Fortifications
On the hilltops here ran the outer line of Richmond fortifications, 1862-1865. — Map (db m14971) HM
91Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — E-6 — Outer Fortifications
The Exterior Line of Richmond's Civil War defenses crossed Brook Road near here. Occasional Union cavalry raids threatened from the north, making this portion of the city's elaborate earthen defenses especially significant. Union troops briefly . . . — Map (db m47370) HM
92Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — V-43 — Pleasants V. Pleasants
John Pleasants, Sr., nearby landowner and Quaker, requested in his will that his slaves be freed when each became 30 years old. Pleasants died in 1771, but it was not until 1782 that some of his slaves gained freedom when the Virginia General . . . — Map (db m9604) HM
93Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — V-28 — Pocahontas
Matoaka, nicknamed Pocahontas ("playful one"), the daughter of Powhatan, was born about 1595. At age eleven, she befriended Captain John Smith and later visited the English colonists. In 1613 Samuel Argall kidnapped Pocahontas to use her as a . . . — Map (db m9613) HM
94Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — V-49 — Powhatan
In this vicinity is believed to be the birthplace of Wahunsunacock, better known as Powhatan. A village stood nearby that also bore the name Powhatan. By the time the English arrived in 1607, Powhatan was acknowledged as the paramount chief of about . . . — Map (db m16300) HM
95Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — V-30 — Proposed First University in English America
A "University and College" was authorized by the Virginia Company charter of 1618 at Henrico Town but never opened. Some 10,000 acres on the James River upstream from the new town were to provide agricultural income for the school. The college's . . . — Map (db m9610) HM
96Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — 1 — Richmond DefencesIntermediate Line
Here ran the intermediate line of Richmond defences. Built in 1862-64, these defences included 25 inner forts and batteries, beyond which this continuous earthwork encircled the city. The third or outer line was distant from the capitol 4 to 7 . . . — Map (db m14218) HM
97Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — 43 — Richmond DefencesCrossing of the Intermediate Line
Near this spot the Eastern face of the Intermediate Line of the Richmond Defences crossed the Williamsburg Road. About one-fourth mile Eastward was the Junction of Williamsburg and Charles City Roads, two of the main lines of the Federal advance on . . . — Map (db m14252) HM
98Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — 48 — Richmond DefencesIntermediate Line
At this point the Intermediate Line of the Confederate defences of Richmond crossed this, the Darbytown Road. This line was continuous around Richmond and lay between the outer defensive system and the inner forts. — Map (db m14257) HM
99Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — 33 — Richmond DefencesThe Outer Line
Here the outer line of the Confederate defences of Richmond crossed Brook Road. This line, here distant five miles from the capitol, was built in 1862-64 and extended in a half-circle from the James River near the present University of Richmond to . . . — Map (db m16007) HM
100Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — Richmond National Cemetery
National Cemetery During the Civil War, Union and Confederate armies fought multiple battles for control of Richmond. Thousands of Union soldiers perished. They are now buried in Richmond National Cemetery and six other national cemeteries . . . — Map (db m89723) HM

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Oct. 29, 2020