Geographic Sort Historical Markers and War Memorials in Richmond, Virginia
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Richmond, Virginia

 
Clickable Map of Chesterfield County, Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Chesterfield County, VA (219) Amelia County, VA (44) Charles City County, VA (74) Colonial Heights Ind. City, VA (24) Dinwiddie County, VA (147) Goochland County, VA (33) Henrico County, VA (317) Hopewell Ind. City, VA (64) Petersburg Ind. City, VA (144) Powhatan County, VA (29) Prince George County, VA (49) Richmond Ind. City, VA (486)  ChesterfieldCounty(219) Chesterfield County (219)  AmeliaCounty(44) Amelia County (44)  CharlesCityCounty(74) Charles City County (74)  (24) Colonial Heights (24)  DinwiddieCounty(147) Dinwiddie County (147)  GoochlandCounty(33) Goochland County (33)  HenricoCounty(317) Henrico County (317)  (64) Hopewell (64)  (144) Petersburg (144)  PowhatanCounty(29) Powhatan County (29)  PrinceGeorgeCounty(49) Prince George County (49)  Richmond(486) Richmond (486)
Richmond is in Chesterfield County
    Chesterfield County (219)
    Amelia County (44)
    Charles City County (74)
    Colonial Heights (24)
    Dinwiddie County (147)
    Goochland County (33)
    Henrico County (317)
    Hopewell (64)
    Petersburg (144)
    Powhatan County (29)
    Prince George County (49)
    Richmond (486)
 
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1Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — "A Very Neat Chapel"
The little white chapel that stood here was built by soldiers of the garrison and held 150 people. Different ministers came from Richmond each week to preach. A small burial ground was located just 50 yards beyond the chapel—a reminder that . . . Map (db m37025) HM
2Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — A Perfect Gibraltar
After the repulse of the Union Navy on May 15, 1862, Drewry’s Bluff became famous as a tangible symbol of Confederate resistance. Work crews made up of impressed slave labor continued construction of the fort, eventually completing a four-sided, . . . Map (db m55349) HM
3Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — A Permanent Post
By 1863 the Drewry’s Bluff post expanded into a military city. Hundreds of Confederate soldiers, sailors, and Marines camped on these grounds. The Confederate States Naval Academy held classes in buildings and aboard the side-wheeled steamer CSS . . . Map (db m46891) HM
4Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — S-3 — Ampthill Estate
Built before 1732 by Henry Cary, this was the home of Colonel Archibald Cary, a Revolutionary leader of Virginia. The house was moved, 1929-30, to its present location off Cary Street Road in Richmond's West End.Map (db m24997) HM
5Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — S-8 — Battle of Drewry’s Bluff
From this point the Confederates, on May 16, 1864, moved to attack the Union Army of the James under Butler advancing northward on Richmond.Map (db m14893) HM
6Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Battle of Drewry’s BluffDrewry’s Bluff - 1862
May 15, 1862 When Federal gunboats round the bend, they enter a shooting gallery. Confederate soldiers and marines along the riverbanks rake the decks with musket fire. These batteries, ninety feet above the water, are perched too high for . . . Map (db m14897) HM
7Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Bellwood Elk HerdWapiti (Cervus canadensis)
Around the turn of the 20th century, James Bellwood, an agriculturalist and the owner of this property set aside a few acres to be used as a wooded preserve and imported a pair of elk from Yosemite National Park and Washington State. The elk became . . . Map (db m73984) HM
8Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Bombproof and WellDrewry’s Bluff – 1862 / 1864
The soldier is sitting in the doorway of the bombproof, a shelter during heavy bombardment.Map (db m15496) HM
9Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Camp Beall
“Drewry’s Bluff, at least for the present, is the headquarters of the Corps, and I may consequently reasonably expect to stay here for some time at least.” Henry Lea Graves, 1862 From 1862 to 1865, the training of . . . Map (db m55347) HM
10Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Cary’s Mill Overlookcirca 1750 — Falling Creek Ironworks Park —
Archibald Cary established an iron forge on the south bank of Falling Creek in 1750. The Chesterfield forge, as it was known, converted pig iron into bar iron. Initially unprofitable and shut down, the forge would be restarted and become . . . Map (db m101039) HM
11Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Covered WayDrewry’s Bluff – 1862 / 1864
During battle, supplies could be brought into the fort through the Covered Way, a tunnel protected from shell-fire.Map (db m15498) HM
12Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Cultural History — Falling Creek Ironworks Park —
The history associated with Falling Creek Park spans more than 400 years. Numerous industries existed along the creek from the 17th to the early 20th century. The earliest industry that existed at this location was the first iron furnace . . . Map (db m101036) HM
13Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Drewry’s BluffRichmond Battlefield — Richmond Nat’l Battlefield Pk – 1862/64 —
The presence of the Confederate bastion here at Drewry’s Bluff was one reason that most of the Civil War action around Richmond occurred north of the James River. Strong earthen fortifications and river obstructions, erected in 1862, effectively . . . Map (db m15080) HM
14Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — S-15 — Drewry’s Bluff
A mile east is Drewry's Bluff, James River fortification of Richmond, 1862-1865. Earthworks remain.Map (db m16020) HM
15Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — S-5 — Drewry’s Bluff
This bluff on the James River, a mile east, was fortified by Captain A. H. Drewry in 1862. A Union fleet, attempting to pass it, was driven back, May 15, 1862; and thereafter it served as a bar to attacks on Richmond by water. On June 16, 1864, . . . Map (db m16021) HM
16Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — 7 — Drewry’s BluffCaptain John Smith’s Adventures on the James — www.johnsmithtrail.org —
John Smith recalled visiting the Arrohateck Indian capital during a May 1607 expedition led by Christopher Newport. The town was located on the northern shore of the James River opposite of here and was noted on John Smith’s 1612 Map of Virginia. . . . Map (db m37032) HM
17Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Drewry’s Bluff TrailRichmond National Battlefield Park
Along this trail the first shots were fired in the campaign to capture Richmond that would last from 1862 to 1865. This one-half mile trail will take you to the Confederate fort named Fort Drewry by southerners and Fort Darling by the Federals. On . . . Map (db m15169) HM
18Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Drewry's Bluff
(left panel) Visiting Richmond National Battlefield Park The concentration of Civil War resources found in the Richmond area is unparalleled. The National Park Service manages 13 sites, giving visitors an opportunity to examine the . . . Map (db m37022) HM
19Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Duty Above and Beyond
“Mr. President, these are the young heroes of Fort Darling…. The President took them all by the hand and personally thanked them for their magnificent conduct and example, ordered that each one should receive a Medal of honor and to be . . . Map (db m37027) HM
20Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Falling Creek Iron Works1619-1622
Vanished now but for a trace, Falling Creek is the site of the first industrial ironworks in the New World. The close proximity of iron ore, wood for fuel and power provided by the falling water made the Falling Creek site perfect for this . . . Map (db m32587) HM
21Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — S-4 — Falling Creek Ironworks
Nearby on Falling Creek is the first ironworks in English North America. It was established by the Virginia Company to supply iron for the colony and for export to England. Construction began in 1619. The works, including a blast furnace, were . . . Map (db m16015) HM
22Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Falling Creek Stone Bridge1826-1828 — Falling Creek Ironworks Park —
The site of Virginia’s first wayside park was established in 1934. It was developed to serve as a picnic area by the Virginia State Highway Department and the Chesterfield Garden Club in 1933-1934. A State Historical Marker located in . . . Map (db m101031) HM
23Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Falling Creek Stone Bridge1826-1828 — Falling Creek Ironworks Park —
The site of Virginia’s first wayside park was established in 1934. It was developed to serve as a picnic area by the Virginia State Highway Department and the Chesterfield Garden Club in 1933-1934. A State Historical Marker located in . . . Map (db m101042) HM
24Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Finishing Fort Drewry
Immediately after the battle, men of Chesterfield County’s own Southside Artillery, along with others, worked to strengthen the fort. The section before you was likely their first project. Eventually the earthworks around you formed an enclosed . . . Map (db m37029) HM
25Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — 59 — Fort DarlingDefences of Drewry's Bluff
Eastward 150 yards was the Confederate Fort Darling which constituted, with the works at Chaffin’s Bluff across the James, the main defence of the approaches to Richmond by water. Often the target of Federal fire, Fort Darling held out till Richmond . . . Map (db m14278) HM
26Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Fort StevensButler’s Campaign Ends — Bermuda Hundred Campaign —
“Neither army, however, manifested any disposition either to advance or retire. It was a case of stand and fire, each endeavoring to cripple the other the most, and gain, if it could, some advantage here or there. The enemy’s one battery was . . . Map (db m14895) HM
27Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Fort Stevens
Built in 1862, Fort Stevens was part of the Confederate inter-defense line of Richmond. This fort was named for Col. W.H. Stevens, who was in charge of the construction of Richmond’s defenses. Most fortifications were built quickly and made of earth . . . Map (db m14903) HM
28Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Historic Route 11913-1926 — Falling Creek Ironworks Park —
The United Daughters of the Confederacy conceived of the Jefferson Davis Highway in 1913, along the same series of roads in Virginia that U.S. Route 1 later followed. The Virginia General Assembly officially designated the United Daughters of the . . . Map (db m101041) HM
29Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Historic Route 11913-1926 — Falling Creek Ironworks Park —
The United Daughters of the Confederacy conceived of the Jefferson Davis Highway in 1913, along the same series of roads in Virginia that U.S. Route 1 later followed. The Virginia General Assembly officially designated the United Daughters of the . . . Map (db m101045) HM
30Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Historic Village of Bensleycirca 1909 — Falling Creek Ironworks Park —
Located at this site was the beginning of one of the earliest residential communities in Chesterfield County. Historic Village Of Bensley Created by Albert Bensley in 1909, the Village of Bensley was marketed as a modem, convenient . . . Map (db m101037) HM
31Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Historic Village of Bensleycirca 1909 — Falling Creek Ironworks Park —
Located at this site was the beginning of one of the earliest residential communities in Chesterfield County. Historic Village Of Bensley Created by Albert Bensley in 1909, the Village of Bensley was marketed as a modem, convenient . . . Map (db m101044) HM
32Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Hot Shot and Wooden Ships
It was the end of an era: the advent of the ironclad made traditional wooden-hulled warships obsolete. Despite this, the Confederates used a centuries-old device here: the hot-shot furnace. Inside the furnace, solid shot were heated red-hot. Clay . . . Map (db m55350) HM
33Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Iron Furnace Overlook1619-1622 — Falling Creek Ironworks Park —
This is the location of the first iron furnace established in the New World, started in 1619 and completed in 1622. Iron ore had been extracted from James River outcrops as early as 1608, and these samples were shipped to England. The Virginia . . . Map (db m101038) HM
34Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — May 15, 1862—The Battle of Drewry's Bluff
When Federal gunboats rounded the distant bend in the James, they entered a shooting gallery. Confederate soldiers and Marines along the riverbanks raked the decks with musket fire. Confederate guns here in the fort opened fire. The river . . . Map (db m37028) HM
35Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Natural History — Falling Creek Ironworks Park —
The Falling Creek Ironworks site is located seven miles south of Richmond, along Falling Creek, adjacent to Jefferson Davis Highway. The location also serves as a gateway to the area and is a draw for visitors to the Falling Creek Greenway with . . . Map (db m101040) HM
36Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Natural History — Falling Creek Ironworks Park —
The Falling Creek Ironworks site is located seven miles south of Richmond, along Falling Creek, adjacent to Jefferson Davis Highway. The location also serves as a gateway to the area and is a draw for visitors to the Falling Creek Greenway with . . . Map (db m101043) HM
37Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — O-37 — Providence United Methodist Church
Established by 1807, the Providence Church congregation of the Methodist Episcopal Church became one of the first Methodist congregations in Chesterfield County to build a permanent house of worship when it constructed a meeting house here before . . . Map (db m22698) HM
38Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — S-9 — Second Battle of Drewry's Bluff
The Second Battle of Drewry's Bluff, or the Proctor's Creek engagement, began on 14 May 1864 when part of Union Maj. Gen. Benjamin F. Butler's Army of the James feigned an attack toward Richmond from Bermuda Hundred. After two days of skirmishing, . . . Map (db m16022) HM
39Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — Site of First Iron Foundry in America
Site of First Iron Foundry in America Established in 1619Map (db m16036) HM
40Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — The Bermuda CampaignMay 1864
As part of Ulysses S. Grant’s overall strategic plan to win the Civil War, Gen. Butler’s Federal army advanced up the James River in the spring of 1864 in an effort to operate against Richmond from the south while the Army of the Potomac approached . . . Map (db m14904) HM
41Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — The First Marine Medal of HonorDrewry’s Bluff — Richmond National Battlefield Park, NPS —
On May 15, 1862, during the Battle of Drewry’s Bluff, Southern marksmen in rifle pits – including two companies of Confederate States Marines – swept the gun deck of USS Galena, severely limiting its ability to fight. The U.S. . . . Map (db m14901) HM
42Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — The Gregory Burial Ground
This plot is reserved in perpetuity for the Gregory family, who owned a working plantation here between 1797 and 1866. This site was settled in 1610 by the Thomas Sheffield family under a royal patent of 2,300 acres from the Crown of England. The . . . Map (db m143045) HM
43Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — The USS Monitor
During the Peninsula Campaign in the spring of 1862, a variety of innovative weapons saw action. But nothing captured the public’s attention more than ironclad warships, in particular the USS Monitor. After its epic duel with the CSS . . . Map (db m55346) HM
44Virginia (Chesterfield County), Richmond — S-2 — Warwick
Located eight miles downstream from Richmond, Warwick was an important 18th-century James River port and manufacturing center. During the Revolutionary War, Warwick's craftsmen turned out clothing and shoes, and its mills ground flour and meal for . . . Map (db m16014) HM
45Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — V-43 — Pleasants v. Pleasants
John Pleasants, Sr., nearby landowner and Quaker, requested in his will that his slaves be freed when each became 30 years old. Pleasants died in 1771, but it was not until 1782 that some of his slaves gained freedom when the Virginia General . . . Map (db m9604) HM
46Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — 1862 Peninsula CampaignThe Civil War in Tidewater
In April 1862, Union Gen. George B. McClellan began marching his huge Army of the Potomac west up the Peninsula between the James and York Rivers from Fort Monroe to Richmond, the Confederate capital. Gen. John B. Magruder’s forces delayed the . . . Map (db m171304) HM
47Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — W-72 — 39th Illinois Veteran Volunteers
On 16 Aug. 1864, Federal infantry stormed Confederate earthworks nearby, in the Second Battle of Deep Bottom. The 39th Illinois helped lead the assault. Pvt. Henry M. Hardenbergh, of Bremen Township, the color bearer, served in Co. G, called the . . . Map (db m161184) HM
48Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — A National Cemetery System
Civil War Dead An estimated 700,000 Union and Confederate soldiers died in the Civil War between April 1861 and April 1865. As the death toll rose, the U.S. government struggled with the urgent but unplanned need to bury fallen Union . . . Map (db m89722) HM
49Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — A Place of Refuge
The Crew house and its outbuildings soon became one of the battlefield's most recognizable features. Little is known of the family that lived here during the war other than that they did not remain inside the home during the battle. However, Union . . . Map (db m71462) HM
50Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — A Splendid Field of Battle
Union commanders chose an ideal location to fight their last battle of the Seven Days. As many as 40 cannon covered the one-half-mile front, stretching from the slopes of Crew’s Run on your left to a similar drop to Western Run on your right. Nearly . . . Map (db m34705) HM
51Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — V-48 — Action at Osborne's
On 27 April 1781, Brig. Gen. Benedict Arnold led the British army's 76th and 80th Regiments, the Queen's Rangers, and some other units in an assault at Osborne's in Chesterfield County. The Americans posted a number of Virginia Navy ships near here . . . Map (db m9607) HM
52Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — E 104-a — Adèle Goodman Clark
Adèle Goodman Clark fought tirelessly to champion both women’s rights and the arts in Virginia. Clark gained prominence for pro-suffrage speeches and writings as a founding member in 1909 of the Equal Suffrage League of Virginia. She used her . . . Map (db m47379) HM
53Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — Advancing On RichmondEngagement at Laurel Hill Church — Siege of Petersburg & Richmond 1864-1865 —
For almost ten months beginning in mid-June 1864, the Army of the Potomac besieged the cities of Petersburg and Richmond from the east and south. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant ordered the Union fortifications extended west of Petersburg . . . Map (db m164454) HM
54Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — Advantages of Terrain
Today, heavy woods have replaced the vast rolling wheat fields upon which the armies fought. Timber also hides the steep slopes and jagged ravines that shielded the flanks of the Union position. The rough terrain forced most of the Confederates to . . . Map (db m29441) HM
55Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — Battle at Meadow BridgeForcing a Crossing
On May 12, 1864, this crossing of the Chickahominy River was the scene of a sharp engagement between Union and Confederate cavalry The previous day, Gen. Philip Sheridan and his Union troopers fought and defeated Gen. J.E.B. Stuart and his . . . Map (db m15217) HM
56Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — Battle of Darbytown RoadLee’s Last Advance North of the James
A massive two-pronged Union attack on September 29, 1864, captured New Market Heights and a section of Richmond’s outer defenses including Fort Harrison. Not wishing to concede a vital part of his line to the enemy, Confederate commander Robert E. . . . Map (db m3688) HM
57Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — V-26 — Battle of New Market Heights
On 28 September 1864, elements of Maj. Gen. Benjamin F. Butler’s Army of the James crossed the James River to assault the Confederate defenses of Richmond. At dawn on 29 September, 6 regiments of U.S. Colored Troops fought with exceptional valor . . . Map (db m181439) HM
58Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — Battlefield Landscape
Photographs taken during and shortly after the war help us to understand, preserve and rehabilitate the battlefield landscape. In the 1880’s a photographer recorded a series of views of Malvern Hill to accompany Civil War articles published in . . . Map (db m15201) HM
59Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — 21 — Battlefield of Malvern Hill
Against the Federals holding this eminence, the Confederates delivered repeated assaults from the North on July 1, 1862 and lost about 5,000 men in the final, indecisive Battle of the Seven Days’ Campaign. That night McClellan withdrew to Harrison's . . . Map (db m181652) HM
60Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — HC-26 — Belmont
Edward J. Warren, a farmer, was the first owner of the house on 100 acres in 1858. Warren, a private in the 34th Virginia Infantry, was captured by Union troops and held prisoner at Fort Monroe. The property is first referred to as Belmont in the . . . Map (db m24750) HM
61Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — Black Troops Attack at Chaffin’s FarmFort Gilmer – 1864
Confederate Fort Gilmer loomed as a major obstacle to any advance on Richmond. On the afternoon of September 29, 1864, several regiments of black troops stormed these works only to be driven back. A portion of the 7th United States Colored Troops, . . . Map (db m24823) HM
62Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — Bombproof and CasemateFort Harrison – 1864
Bombproof Federal soldiers are standing at the entrance to a bombproof, built of earth-covered logs to shelter troops during bombardment. Magazines of similar construction stored powder and ammunition. Casemate This gun embrasure was . . . Map (db m15487) HM
63Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — E-4 — Brook Road
According to tradition, the Marquis de Lafayette marched his colonial troops from the north into Richmond on portions of present-day Brook Road late in April 1781. Established in 1812, the Brook Turnpike Company constructed a turnpike along this . . . Map (db m15847) HM
64Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — V-16 — Campaign of 1781
The roads through Henrico County were important routes for the Revolutionary War campaign of 1781. To avoid British Gen. Charles Cornwallis's troops advancing from Petersburg, the Marquis de Lafayette left Richmond by 27 May and marched northward . . . Map (db m15853) HM
65Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — HC-27 — Cedar Hill
Cedar Hill was constructed ca. 1820 and originally stood off Creighton Road near the Hanover County line. During the Civil War, units of Kershaw's Division of the Army of the Confederate States set up camp at Cedar Hill and built fortifications on . . . Map (db m36265) HM
66Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — W-3 — Charles City Road
This strategically important road ran from the Williamsburg Road southeast past White's Tavern, across White Oak Swamp, and into the Riddell's Shop intersection with the Long Bridge and Darbytown roads, eight miles distant. As Gen. Robert E. Lee's . . . Map (db m15923) HM
67Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — Chickahominy BluffRichmond Battlefield — Richmond Nat’l Battlefield Pk – 1862/64 —
On this ridge overlooking the Chickahominy River, General Lee, President Davis, and many other prominent Confederate officers gathered to await the start of the operations that came to be called the Seven Days Campaign. They expected . . . Map (db m14977) HM
68Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — Chickahominy Bluff1862 Seven Days' Battles
(left panel) Visiting Richmond National Battlefield Park The concentration of Civil War resources found in the Richmond area is unparalleled. The National Park Service manages 13 sites, giving visitors an opportunity to examine the . . . Map (db m34663) HM
69Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — Civil War Balloonists
Dedicated to the intrepid and patriotic men: the Civil War Balloonists, Union and Confederate, known and unknown who against ridicule and skepticism laid the foundation for this nation’s future in the sky. Inscribed hereon are the names of . . . Map (db m24824) HM
70Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — Confederate Attacks Stall
General Couch found the uneven terrain in this section of the Union position less favorable for artillery. He chose to push his infantry well forward of the guns, placing brigades under Abercrombie, Howe, and Palmer on this ground to prevent the . . . Map (db m29232) HM
71Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — Confederate BulwarkFort Johnson - 1864
Fort Johnson was perfectly situated to protect Richmond. From this commanding ridge the Confederate garrison looked out across the treeless landscape that offered an open field of fire for their guns. A deep ditch protected by sharpened stakes added . . . Map (db m15087) HM
72Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — Confederate Fortifications
These northernmost fortifications along Brook Road operated as an early warning system for Confederate troops defending Richmond. Earthworks designed for artillery, located on each side of the road, blocked sudden enemy advances against the capital. . . . Map (db m15945) HM
73Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — CounterattackFort Harrison – 1864
The day after Federals captured Fort Harrison, Robert E. Lee personally directed savage Confederate counterattacks against this section of earthworks. Union forces had already closed and strengthened the rear of the fort. Armed with new repeating . . . Map (db m15485) HM
74Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — Curvy CourseCaptain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Trail
(panel 1) Curvy Course Navigating the curving meanders of the river above Jamestown was tedious for boaters in John Smith’s day. Too difficult to sail, men had to row through long stretches known as the oxbows. Yet the colonists . . . Map (db m97344) HM
75Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — Dabbs HouseLee’s First Headquarters — 1862 Peninsula Campaign —
In May 1862, Gen. George McClellan’s Union army was poised on the outskirts of Richmond threatening the Confederate capital. Here, in the Dabbs House, Robert E. Lee, as new commander of the Army of Northern Virginia, opened his headquarters on . . . Map (db m15930) HM
76Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — Dabbs HouseLee's First Headquarters — 1862 Peninsula Campaign —
Here at the Dabbs House on June 1, 1862, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee established his first field headquarters as the new commander of the Army of Northern Virginia. He replaced Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, who had been wounded, as Union Gen. . . . Map (db m167845) HM
77Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — Dabbs HouseLee's First Headquarters — 1862 Peninsula Campaign —
In May 1862, Gen. George McClellan's Union army was poised on the outskirts of Richmond threatening the Confederate capital. Here, in the Dabbs House, Robert E. Lee, as new commander of the Army of Northern Virginia, opened his headquarters on . . . Map (db m167846) HM
78Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — SA-31 — Dahlgren's Raid
Col. Ulric Dahlgren's Union cavalry passed through this area late in the evening of 1 March 1864 before defeating the Richmond Armory Battalion at the Battle of Green's Farm, just south on Three Chopt Road. Dahlgren led his command toward Richmond . . . Map (db m16013) HM
79Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — SA-97 — Daniel Webster Davis (1862-1913)
D. Webster Davis, author, clergyman, and educator, was born into slavery in Caroline or Hanover County. He attended public school in Richmond after the Civil War and, beginning in 1879, taught in the city school system for 33 years. In 1887 Davis . . . Map (db m180198) HM
80Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — W-1 — Darbytown Road
During the Seven Days' Campaign, Maj. Gen. James Longstreet's and Maj. Gen. A. P. Hill's Confederate divisions moved east along Darbytown Road toward its junction with the Long Bridge Road. This junction is about three miles southwest of Riddell's . . . Map (db m15921) HM
81Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — W-101 — Darbytown Road / Pioneer Baptist Church
The Battle of Darbytown Road, 7 Oct. 1864, was the last large Confederate offensive north of the James River. Gen. Robert E. Lee personally supervised the operation. Attacking from the west astride the Darbytown Road, Lee’s infantry shattered the . . . Map (db m16302) HM
82Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — Deep Bottom LandingA Vital Link
After the Battle of Cold Harbor in June 1864, Grant and Lee shifted their armies to Petersburg; but Grant did not wish to abandon the Richmond front entirely. He had Gen. Benjamin Butler position a small force from his Army of the James here at Deep . . . Map (db m15697) HM
83Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — 11 — Deep Bottom ParkCaptain John Smith’s Adventures on the James — www.johnsmithtrail.org —
Fourmile Creek flows into the slender oxbow of the James River here. Oxbows, successive curvatures in the river’s course, forced Smith and his men to row long distances on their exploratory trip upstream. Navigating the sharp turns was very . . . Map (db m24815) HM
84Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — Defending Richmond
"The fortifications constructed by the Confederate army in this vicinity & about Richmond are miles in extent & I must add that they are as strong, if not the strongestin the world." - Julian Scott, Union Army Veteran May 1865 From the war's . . . Map (db m55720) HM
85Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — PA-139 — Defenses of Richmond
Nearby stood one of the outer Confederate defensive lines that guarded Richmond during the Civil War (1861-1865). A series of earthworks and fortifications was built to protect the city and to allow the outnumbered Confederates to make maximum use . . . Map (db m54251) HM
86Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — Emek Sholom Holocaust Memorial — Placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1999 —
On November 6, 1955, the New American Jewish Club, a group of immigrants and survivors of the Nazi purge of European Jewry, gathered here to unveil the three center sections of this Holocaust memorial, one of the first such memorials in North . . . Map (db m74268) HM WM
87Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — E-104 — Emmanuel Church at Brook Hill Episcopal
Built directly west by John Stewart of Brook Hill and consecrated by the Right Reverend John Johns on 6 July 1860, Emmanuel Church (Episcopal) is a classic example of late-antebellum Gothic Revival architecture. Considerable military activity took . . . Map (db m24729) HM
88Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — PA-240 — Engagement at Malvern Cliffs
On 30 June 1862, as Gen. Robert E. Lee concentrated his troops to attack Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan's retreating Union army at Glendale, Maj. Gen. Theophilus H. Holmes brigade of Confederate troops moved down New Market Road on Lee's right. Union . . . Map (db m9247) HM
89Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — First Lieutenant Jimmie W. Monteith, Jr.
Commemorating the beautiful life of First Lieutenant Jimmie W. Monteith, Jr. He died June 6, 1944 on the shores of Normandy and lies buried at St. Laurent, France. Age 26 years. A Virginian by birth, descending from a long line of her . . . Map (db m61634) WM
90Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — V-25 — First Successful Colonial Tobacco Crop
In 1611 John Rolfe became the first Englishman to cultivate tobacco nearby at Varina Farm, on the James River. Rolfe planted seeds bred in Varinas, Spain, and experimented with curing methods to produce a tobacco milder than the native variety. The . . . Map (db m16182) HM
91Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — 49 — Fort GilmerOuter Line of Richmond Defences
To the right of this road was Fort Gilmer, successfully defended against Federal assaults and held until the eve of the evacuation of Richmond. Kershaw's Division, the last Confederate infantry to leave the Richmond line, abandoned Fort Gilmer at 3 . . . Map (db m164416) HM
92Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — 23 — Fort Harrison
Six hundred yards West of this road stood the Confederate Fort Harrison. It was stormed Sept. 29, 1864 after a surprise-attack by Federal troops and was held against counter attacks the next day. New Confederate defensive lines were drawn in rear of . . . Map (db m14230) HM
93Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — V-2 — Fort Harrison
Fort Harrison served as one of the principal works in Richmond's defenses during the Civil War. On 29 Sept. 1864, Maj. Gen. Benjamin F. Butler's Army of the James launched a two-pronged attack against Richmond's defenses as Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant . . . Map (db m16181) HM
94Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — Fort Harrison TrailFort Harrison - 1862/1864
Both Federals and Confederates occupied this fort. Originally these earthworks were part of the 1862 Richmond line of defense. When Federal troops overran the fort in 1864, they built more than half the earthworks you will see on the tour, and . . . Map (db m15484) HM
95Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — Fort Hoke: Empty Victory
After capturing Fort Harrison on September 29, 1864, Union General Edward O.C. Ord directed an attack southward down the Confederate line toward forts Hoke and Maury. If these Confederate defenses fell, the direct road to Richmond along the Osborne . . . Map (db m46915) HM
96Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — 16 — Frazier's Farmor Glendale Battlefield
Here, on the Charles City Road, the Confederate forces of Major General Benjamin Huger in their attempt to intercept the Federal withdrawal to the James opened with artillery the Battle of Frazier's Farm, June 30, 1862.Map (db m14215) HM
97Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — 17 — Frazier's Farmor Glendale Battlefield
North and South of this point lay the line of battle in which the Confederate commands of James Longstreet and A.P. Hill engaged indecisively the Federal forces in the Fourth Battle of the Seven Days’ Campaign. This spot marks the furthest Federal . . . Map (db m14216) HM
98Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — 18 — Frazier's Farmor Glendale Battlefield
Here, the Confederate line of Longstreet's Division crossed this, the Long Bridge Road. Southeasterly one-quarter mile occurred the fiercest encounter, in which the Federal forces under McCall were forced to retire at nightfall June 30, 1862.Map (db m14222) HM
99Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — Freeman Marker
This is one in a series of 61 markers erected beginning in 1925 to identify the battlefields around Richmond. The tablets were the work of the Battlefield Markers Association, a group of historians committed to commemorating the Richmond . . . Map (db m14283) HM
100Virginia (Henrico County), Richmond — Gabriel’s Insurrection
Just to the north where Brook Road crosses Brook Run creek was the rendezvous point for the largest U.S. slave revolt ever planned. It was to be here on August 30, 1800, that Gabriel, a slave from nearby Brookfield Plantation, called for hundreds of . . . Map (db m15944) HM

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Oct. 18, 2021