Gettysburg in Adams County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Thaddeus Stevens, the Great Commoner, 1792 -- 1868
Gettysburg College -- As a state representative, Stevens got $18,000 from the state for the college’s first building, Pennsylvania Hall
Savior of Public Education – Speech in 1835 turned back repeal effort of public education. Also left $50,000 in will to establish school that is now Thaddeus Stevens College of Technology.
Protected Civil War Gains -- Stevens saved Civil War gains by banning ex-Confederates from entering Congress in 1865. Stevens also tried to remove President Johnson, but lost by one vote.
Father of the Fourteenth Amendment -- Introduced the amendment, which requires equal treatment under the law and extends civil liberties to the state level.
Participated in the Underground Railroad -- Steven’s Caledonia Iron Works was a stop on the Underground Railroad.
Advocated use of Black Soldiers -- sponsored bills to use Black soldiers, which helped to win the Civil War. Also pushed through bill equalizing all soldiers’ pay.
Thaddeus Stevens’s Pennsylvania journey on statue’s base
York -- Was teacher and studied law from 1814 t0 1816.
Caledonia Iron Works-- Owned from 1837 to 1868. Underground Railroad station. Destroyed by Confederate forces in 1863.
Lancaster-- Lived there from 1842 to 1868. Elected to Congress from 1849 to 1853 as Whig and from 1859 to 1868 as Republican. Most powerful congressman during and after Civil War and a framer of 14th Amendment.
Philadelphia -- Represented defendants at independence Hall in Christian Resistance trial in 1851. Case ended in acquittal, but Stevens lost his congressional seat for six years as a result.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Education • Industry & Commerce • War, US Civil. A significant historical year for this entry is 1835.
Location. 39° 49.781′ N, 77° 13.869′ W. Marker is in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, in Adams County. Marker is at the intersection of Baltimore Street and W Middle Street, on the right when traveling south on Baltimore Street. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 111 Baltimore Street, Gettysburg PA 17325, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Adams County (a few steps from this marker); "…sights and sounds…too horrible to describe…" (a few steps from this marker); Adams County World War Memorial (a few steps from this marker); "…the busiest scene I ever witnessed…"Politics and "Penelope" (within shouting distance of this marker); The Camp Colt Officers Club (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); "uncertainty and dread" (about 300 feet away); The Stoever - Schick Building (about 300 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Gettysburg.
Also see . . .
1. Remarkable Radical: Thaddeus Stevens. National Institute of the Humanities website entry (Submitted on June 1, 2022, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York.)
2. Stevens College. Thaddeus Stevens College of Technology website homepage (Submitted on June 1, 2022, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York.)
Credits. This page was last revised on June 1, 2022. It was originally submitted on June 1, 2022, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York. This page has been viewed 215 times since then and 59 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on June 1, 2022, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York.