Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Gary in Lake County, Indiana — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

Froebel School

 
 
Froebel School Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Paul Fehrenbach, August 7, 2015
1. Froebel School Marker
Side A
Inscription.  
Froebel opened here, 1912, as many European immigrants and southern blacks moved to Gary for jobs in steel mills. An experiment in progressive education, it served students of diverse backgrounds and the local community. Despite early status as integrated school, black students were excluded from many extracurricular activities and facilities into 1940s. Closed 1977.

After WWII, Froebel made national headlines when hundreds of white students walked out protesting "integration experiment" there. "Hate strikes" lasted several weeks in 1945 and reflected growing racial tension in North. In 1946, Gary school board adopted desegregation policy, but discrimination continued. Indiana state law desegregating public schools passed 1949.
 
Erected 2014 by Indiana Historical Bureau, Froebel Alumni Park Committee, and Northern Indiana Public Service Company. (Marker Number 45.2014.1.)
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: African AmericansCivil Rights
Paid Advertisement
Click on the ad for more information.
Please report objectionable advertising to the Editor.
Click or scan to see
this page online
EducationNotable Buildings. In addition, it is included in the Indiana Historical Bureau Markers series list. A significant historical year for this entry is 1912.
 
Location. 41° 35.27′ N, 87° 20.572′ W. Marker is in Gary, Indiana, in Lake County. Marker is at the intersection of West 15th Avenue and Madison Street, on the right when traveling west on West 15th Avenue. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 500 W 15th Ave, Gary IN 46407, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within one mile of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Atty. Hall's Historic Patriotic Peace Flower and Rose Gardens and Mini-Forest Preserve (approx. 0.3 miles away); Rep. Katie Hall (1938-2012) / Origin of Dr. MLK Day Law (approx. 0.3 miles away); Stewart Settlement House (approx. 0.4 miles away); Michael Jackson Place of Birth (approx. ¾ mile away); City Church (approx. 0.9 miles away); In Memory Of All American Veterans (approx. one mile away); Gary Roosevelt High School (approx. one mile away); Lake Wind Sand Composition - Gary State Bank Building (approx. one mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Gary.
 
Also see . . .
1. A Challenge to Integration: The Froebel School Strikes of 1945
Froebel School Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Paul Fehrenbach, August 7, 2015
2. Froebel School Marker
Side B
. This website is published by Ball State University in Muncie, Indiana as part of their digital civil rights museum titled Indiana Crossroads: Hoosier Civil Rights. (Submitted on June 27, 2022, by Lou Donkle of Valparaiso, Indiana.) 

2. State of Indiana Historical Markers - Froebel School. This Indiana government website fully documents the 11 references used in the text of this historical marker.
In 1949, the Indiana General Assembly passed a law to abolish segregation in the state's public schools. House Bill No. 242 passed the Indiana House of Representatives by a 58-21 vote and the Indiana Senate by a 31-5 vote. In accordance with the law, no new segregated schools would be built in Indiana. Further, the law required that schools discontinue enrollment on the basis of race, creed, or color of students entering public kindergartens, first grades of elementary schools, and first year departments of senior high or junior high schools by the September, 1949 school year. Implementation of the law could be delayed until 1950 for first year enrollments in elementary schools, 1951 for junior high schools, and 1954 for high schools if equipment and facilities were not adequate to accommodate the influx of students. The act also prohibited discrimination in hiring and upgrading teachers on the basis
Froebel Park now sits where the school was image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Lou Donkle, June 19, 2022
3. Froebel Park now sits where the school was
of race, creed, or color.
(Submitted on June 27, 2022, by Lou Donkle of Valparaiso, Indiana.) 
 
Architectural elements from the old school image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Lou Donkle, June 19, 2022
4. Architectural elements from the old school
Froebel School Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Paul Fehrenbach, August 7, 2015
5. Froebel School Marker
Entrance to park.
Froebel School Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Paul Fehrenbach, August 7, 2015
6. Froebel School Marker
parts from school in the park
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on July 9, 2022. It was originally submitted on August 10, 2015, by Paul Fehrenbach of Germantown, Wisconsin. This page has been viewed 575 times since then and 33 times this year. Last updated on June 20, 2022, by Lou Donkle of Valparaiso, Indiana. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on August 10, 2015, by Paul Fehrenbach of Germantown, Wisconsin.   3, 4. submitted on June 20, 2022, by Lou Donkle of Valparaiso, Indiana.   5, 6. submitted on August 10, 2015, by Paul Fehrenbach of Germantown, Wisconsin. • Devry Becker Jones was the editor who published this page.

Share this page.  
Share on Tumblr
m=200372

CeraNet Cloud Computing sponsors the Historical Marker Database.
U.S. FTC REQUIRED NOTICE: This website earns income from purchases you make after using links to Amazon.com. Thank you.
Paid Advertisements
Mar. 3, 2024