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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Centro Histórico in Ciudad de México, Mexico — The Valley of Mexico (The Central Highlands)
 

Offering 17

Etapa IV

 
 
Offering 17 Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By J. Makali Bruton, May 24, 2022
1. Offering 17 Marker
Inscription.  

Ofrenda 17
Las ofrendas, dedicadas a los dioses, como agradecimiento o como petición, fueron enterradas bajo los pisos de las plazas, las plataformas y los adoratorios o en el relleno entre las etapas constructivas. Se colocaban directamente en el lodo o bien dentro de cajas hechas de roca volcánica o construidas con bloques de piedra.

La ofrenda 17 fue colocada dentro de una caja en la unión de los dos edificios en la fachada posterior del Templo Mayor. Corresponde a la Etapa IVb. Entre los objetos que la componen hay representaciones de los dioses del fuego y de la lluvia, cráneos humanos de individuos decapitados, conchas y caracoles. Es posible conocerla en la Sala 2 del museo.

English:
Offering 17
The offerings, dedicated to the gods as petitions or as tokens of gratitude, were buried below the floors of the plazas, platforms, and shrines, or in the filler between construction phases. They were placed directly into the mud or in boxes of volcanic rock or stone blocks.

Offering 17 was placed inside a box built into the intersection of
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the two buildings on the rear façade of the Great Temple. It corresponds to Phase IVb and consists of images of the rain and fire gods, human skulls from decapitated individuals, conches, and other shells. These offering can be viewed in Hall 2 of the Museum.
 
Erected by Secretaría de Cultura.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Anthropology & ArchaeologyNative Americans.
 
Location. 19° 26.094′ N, 99° 7.868′ W. Marker is in Ciudad de México. It is in Centro Histórico. Marker can be reached from Licenciado Verdad just north of Moneda, on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Ciudad de México 06000, Mexico. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Commemorative Dates in the Great Temple (a few steps from this marker); The Tláloc Braziers (a few steps from this marker); Eastern Border of the Sacred Center (a few steps from this marker); Colonial Arch and Platform from Phase V (within shouting distance of this marker); The Huitzilopochtli Braziers (within shouting distance of this marker); South Red Temple (within shouting distance of this marker); Templo Mayor Museum (within shouting distance of this marker); Ocelotl-Cuauhxicalli (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Ciudad de México.
Offering 17 Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By J. Makali Bruton, May 24, 2022
2. Offering 17 Marker

 
Additional commentary.
1. Additional Offering 17 Marker text from Sala 2
Ofrenda 17
En las ofrendas depositadas en el Templo. Mayor se representaban con frecuencia los tres niveles que conformaban el universo, según el pensamiento mexica. El nivel inferior, o Mictlan, se concebía como un lugar subterráneo, oscuro, frío y acuático, por lo cual se recreaba con ciertas especies marinas; por su parte, los restos de pez sierra, cocodrilo y tiburón emulan al cipactli, animal monstruoso que flotaba sobre las aguas oceánicas y equivalía al superficie terrestre. Finalmente, el nivel celeste era la morada de varias deidades y lo encontramos figurado mediante imágenes de Tláloc o Xiuhtecuhtli, así como de objetos relacionados con su culto. Los cráneos humanos pertenecen a prisioneros de guerra que fueron sacrificados y decapitados, como parte de las ceremonias de consagración de la Etapa IVb del Templo Mayor, hacia 1469 d.C.

English:
Offering 17
The offerings deposited in the Templo Mayor frequently represented the three
levels of the universe, according to Aztec thought. The lower level, or Mictlan,
conceived as an underground place, dark, cold and aquatic, was therefore recreated
with certain marine species; in turn, the remains of the sawfish, crocodile
Offering 17 in Sala 2 of the Museo del Templo Mayor image. Click for full size.
Photographed By J. Makali Bruton, May 24, 2022
3. Offering 17 in Sala 2 of the Museo del Templo Mayor
and shark
emulate the cipactli, a monstrous animal which floated on the waters of the ocean
and was equivalent to the surface of the Earth. Finally, the heavenly level was the
home of various deities and we find it figuratively through images of the gods
Tlaloc or Xiuhtecuhtli, as well as through objects related with their cult.
The human skulls belonged to war prisoners which were sacrificed and beheaded as
part of the consecration ceremonies of Stage IVb of the Templo Mayor, ca. 1469 AD.
    — Submitted June 26, 2022, by J. Makali Bruton of Accra, Ghana.
 
An additional Offering 17 Marker in Sala 2 image. Click for full size.
Photographed By J. Makali Bruton, May 24, 2022
4. An additional Offering 17 Marker in Sala 2
See the additional commentary for this marker's text.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 26, 2022. It was originally submitted on June 26, 2022, by J. Makali Bruton of Accra, Ghana. This page has been viewed 129 times since then and 27 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on June 26, 2022, by J. Makali Bruton of Accra, Ghana.

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Apr. 23, 2024