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La Grange in Fayette County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
 

The Survivors of the Dawson Massacre

September 18, 1842

 
 
The Survivors of the Dawson Massacre Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By James Hulse, October 5, 2021
1. The Survivors of the Dawson Massacre Marker
Inscription.  

Eighteen men survived the Dawson Massacre, which occurred near Salado Creek, within present San Antonio (not Salado, Texas, as stated on the tomb). The following is a corrected list of the survivors:

Three men escaped from the battle:
Thomas D. James
Henry Gonzalvo Woods
Alsey S. Miller

The fifteen men who were captured are listed according to their fates:

• Drowned in river attempting to escape from Presidio del Rio Grande, near present Piedras Negras, about February 1, 1843:
John McCrady
W.D. Patterson

• Killed attempting to escape from Hacienda Salado, near Saltillo, on February 11, 1843:
John Higgerson

• Died in Perote Prison, near Vera Cruz:
William Coltrin
William James Trimble
Norman B. Woods

• Escaped from Perote Prison on July 2, 1843, and returned to Texas:
Richard A. Barkley
David Smith Kornegay

• Released from Perote Prison on September 22, 1843:
John Bradley

• Released from Perote Prison on March 24, 1844:
Nathaniel W. Faison
Milvern Harrell
Edward T. Manton
Allen H. Morrell
Joseph
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Robinson
Joseph Shaw
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Cemeteries & Burial SitesWar, Mexican-AmericanWar, Texas Independence. A significant historical date for this entry is February 1, 1843.
 
Location. 29° 53.336′ N, 96° 52.623′ W. Marker is in La Grange, Texas, in Fayette County. Marker can be reached from State Highway 92 Spur, 0.3 miles west of State Highway 77. The marker is located on the western section of the grounds of Kreische Brewery & Monument Hill State Historic Sites. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 414 TX-92 Spur, La Grange TX 78945, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within one mile of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Deaths of Dr. Richard Fox Brenham and Ewen Cameron (here, next to this marker); The Drawing of the Black Beans (here, next to this marker); The Men of the Dawson Massacre (a few steps from this marker); The Final Resting Place (a few steps from this marker); Kreische Complex (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Monument Hill Tomb (about 500 feet away); The Faison House (approx. ¾ mile away); Fayette County Jail (approx. one mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in La Grange.
 
Also see . . .  Dawson Massacre.
After the capture of San Antonio on September 11, 1842, by
The Survivors of the Dawson Massacre Marker and the tomb image. Click for full size.
Photographed By James Hulse, October 5, 2021
2. The Survivors of the Dawson Massacre Marker and the tomb
Brig. Gen. Adrián Woll in the second of the Mexican invasions of 1842, Texan forces gathered on Salado Creek under Col. Mathew Caldwell to repel the raiders. While Texas arms were succeeding at the battle of Salado Creek on September 18, 1842, a calamity was occurring only a mile and a half away. In response to Caldwell's call for volunteers, Capt. Nicholas M. Dawson had raised a fifty-three-man company, mostly from Fayette County, and marched down from La Grange. Believing Caldwell's forces to be in grave danger, Dawson's men chose not to wait for Capt. Jesse Billingsley's company, which was following them, but to disregard the threat posed by numerous heavy Mexican cavalry patrols and to fight their way to the Salado.  Source: The Handbook of Texas
(Submitted on October 18, 2021, by James Hulse of Medina, Texas.) 
 
The Memorial for the martyred Texans image. Click for full size.
Photographed By James Hulse, October 5, 2021
3. The Memorial for the martyred Texans
Dawson men captured at Salado Texas image. Click for full size.
Photographed By James Hulse, October 5, 2021
4. Dawson men captured at Salado Texas
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on July 12, 2022. It was originally submitted on October 18, 2021, by James Hulse of Medina, Texas. This page has been viewed 382 times since then and 56 times this year. Last updated on July 11, 2022, by Joe Lotz of Denton, Texas. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on October 18, 2021, by James Hulse of Medina, Texas. • J. Makali Bruton was the editor who published this page.

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Apr. 19, 2024