Galveston in Galveston County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
Battle of Galveston
As part of the Union blockade of the Texas coast, Commander W. B. Renshaw led his small fleet into Galveston harbor to demand the surrender of this most important Texas port on October 4, 1862. Largely unguarded, as it was considered indefensible, the city surrendered after an exchange of gunfire.
Major General J. B. Magruder was placed in charge of the Confederate forces in Texas after the loss of Galveston. He quickly organized a plan for the island's recapture. Improvising a navy, he refitted two steamers as gunboats by lining their hulls with cotton and manning them with cavalry. Foot soldiers were sent into Galveston in the darkness of early morning on January 1, 1863. Though the ground forces failed to seize the wharf, they engaged some of the Union ships as the makeshift Confederate fleet surprised the Union navy from behind.
The rebel ship "Neptune" was sunk in shallow water. The Federal "Harriet Lane" was boarded by the steamer "Bayou City." Renshaw's flagship, the "Westfield," was destroyed in an explosion that killed the commander and several crewmen. Remaining Union ships fled Galveston Bay despite demands
Erected 1998 by Texas Historical Commission. (Marker Number 7311.)
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: War, US Civil • Waterways & Vessels. A significant historical date for this entry is January 1, 1863.
Location. Marker has been reported missing. It was located near 29° 18.542′ N, 94° 47.591′ W. Marker was in Galveston, Texas, in Galveston County. Marker could be reached from Wharf Road, 0.1 miles west of 21st Street. The marker is at Pier 21 at the entrance to the Texas Seaport Museum and the Tall Ship "Elissa". Touch for map. Marker was at or near this postal address: Pier 21, Number 8, Galveston TX 77550, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this location. Middle Passage Galveston, Texas (a few steps from this marker); Central Wharf (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); First Navy of the Republic of Texas (about 500 feet away); Mallory-Produce Building (about 500 feet away); The First National Bank of Galveston (about 600 feet away); The Strand (about 600 feet away); Thompson Building (about 600 feet away); The Hendley Building (about 600 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Galveston.
Credits. This page was last revised on July 15, 2022. It was originally submitted on September 25, 2010, by Gregory Walker of La Grange, Texas. This page has been viewed 2,147 times since then and 147 times this year. Last updated on July 11, 2022, by Joe Lotz of Denton, Texas. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on December 31, 2019, by Kayla Harper of Dallas, Texas. 3. submitted on September 25, 2010, by Gregory Walker of La Grange, Texas. 4. submitted on January 1, 2018, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio. • J. Makali Bruton was the editor who published this page.