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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Mackinac Island in Mackinac County, Michigan — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

Indian Dormitory / Henry R. Schoolcraft

 
 
Indian Dormitory side of the marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Trevor L Whited, August 10, 2022
1. Indian Dormitory side of the marker
Inscription.  
Indian Dormitory. The Treaty of 1836 transferred 15 million acres of Ojibway (Chippewa) and Odawa (Ottawa) land in Michigan Territory to the federal government. It also required improvements to the Mackinac Island Indian Agency, including "a dormitory for Indians visiting the post." This building, designed by Indian Agent Henry Rowe Schoolcraft, was completed in 1838. It was the agency's administrative headquarters for eight years and occasionally housed Native Americans who came to the island to receive their annual treaty payments. From 1846 to 1867 the building was used for a variety of purposes, including as a U.S. Customs House. In 1867 it became the Mackinac Island Public School, serving in this capacity until 1960. The Mackinac Island State Park Commission purchased it in 1964 and renovated it in 1966.

Henry R. Schoolcraft. Given the choice, Indian Agent Henry Schoolcraft (1793-1864) moved from the "wild magnificence of nature" at Sault Ste. Marie "back one step into the area of the noisy world" on Mackinac Island in 1833. From the Agency House next door to this site, he continued his life's work documenting
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"the history, manners and customs, languages and general ethnology" of Michigan Indians. He first came to Michigan in 1820 as the geologist with the Lewis Cass expedition. In 1822 he became the Indian agent at the Sault. Named commissioner for treating with the Indians in 1836, he insisted on broad tribal involvement in the negotiations. After Schoolcraft left Mackinac for his native New York in 1841, he continued to write and publish research on Michigan Indians that scholars still use today.
 
Erected 2010 by Michigan Historical Commission - Michigan Historical Center. (Marker Number HB45.)
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: ExplorationNative AmericansSettlements & Settlers. A significant historical year for this entry is 1836.
 
Location. 45° 51.053′ N, 84° 36.923′ W. Marker is on Mackinac Island, Michigan, in Mackinac County. Marker is on Main Street (State Highway 185) west of Bogan Lane, on the right when traveling west. Sits in front of The Richard & Jane Manoogian Mackinac Art Museum. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 7052 Main St, Mackinac Island MI 49757, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Island House (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Marquette (about 300 feet away); Somewhere in Time Gazebo (about 500
Henry R. Schoolcraft side of the marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Trevor L Whited, August 10, 2022
2. Henry R. Schoolcraft side of the marker
feet away); American Fur Company Store (about 600 feet away); "Cass Cliff" (about 600 feet away); The Fort Garden (about 600 feet away); Dr. William Beaumont (about 600 feet away); Trinity Church (about 700 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Mackinac Island.
 
Indian Dormitory / Henry R. Schoolcraft Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Trevor L Whited, August 10, 2022
3. Indian Dormitory / Henry R. Schoolcraft Marker
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on August 25, 2022. It was originally submitted on August 19, 2022, by Trevor L Whited of Kokomo, Indiana. This page has been viewed 112 times since then and 31 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on August 19, 2022, by Trevor L Whited of Kokomo, Indiana. • Devry Becker Jones was the editor who published this page.

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Jun. 12, 2024