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Winchester in Franklin County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
 

Tullahoma Campaign

June 24-July 4, 1863

— The Confederate Retreat —

 
 
Tullahoma Campaign Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Don Morfe, April 24, 2014
1. Tullahoma Campaign Marker
Inscription.  From June 24th to June 27th, the Union Army of the Cumberland had moved flawlessly to maneuver the Confederate Army of Tennessee out of its position south of the Highland Rim. As Rosecrans would later say, only heavy rains had prevented a complete military conquest of the Confederate forces. Yet, once the northern commander reached Manchester his luck began to change. He approached Tullahoma cautiously, knowing the Confederates were behind solid entrenchments. Then, on June 30th, the Confederate General Braxton Bragg moved his army south of the Elk River, burning the major bridges in his rear. Union soldiers were held up long enough for the Army at Tennessee to escape across the Cumberland Plateau. Rosecrans made his headquarters here in Winchester, in the house directly across 1st Avenue, to contemplate his next move.

As the Tullahoma Campaign ended on 4 July 1863 Major General Rosecrans could celebrate victory. He had maneuvered the Army of Tennessee out of the state while suffering only 570 casualties, less than half the number who fell in one Union brigade the first day at Gettysburg. Bragg, on the other hand, had saved his army.
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In late September, he would prove to Rosecrans just how dangerous the Army of Tennessee could still be when he nearly destroyed the Union forces at the Battle of Chickamauga in mid-September.

A.P. Stewart
Known by his men as “Old Straight,” Confederate Major General Alexander P. Stewart once lived in Winchester on what is now 3rd Avenue. A West Point graduate, Stewart became an educator after resigning his commission in the 1840s. Before the war he taught mathematics and experimental philosophy at Cumberland University in Lebanon.

Initially Stewart opposed secession, but joined his state when Tennessee left the Union. He fought at all the major battles in the Western Theatre, including Shiloh, Perryville, Stones River, Chickamauga, Atlanta, Franklin and Nashville. Stewart’s men were known for standing up under overwhelming odds.

After the war Stewart resumed his teaching profession at Cumberland and eventually became chancellor of the University of Mississippi. After resigning in 1888, he was appointed commissioner of the Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park. He served in that capacity until his death in 1908.

(sidebar)
Franklin County Secession
When the secession movement first came to Tennessee in February 1861, the state’s grand divisions were divided on the issue. West Tennessee,
Tullahoma Campaign Markers image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Don Morfe, April 24, 2014
2. Tullahoma Campaign Markers
with ties to the Deep South and cotton, was solidly pro-Confederate. East Tennessee, a mountainous region with few plantations, was solidly pro-Union. Middle Tennessee was split.

Throughout the ordeal Bedford County, just to the north, remained intensely Unionist, with Shelbyville garnering the name “Little Boston.” Here, in Franklin County, pro-secession sentiments dominated public opinion. At Winchester rallies the movement to secede began even before Lincoln’s election. Reactions were so strong that citizens voted to leave Tennessee and join Alabama if the state did not leave the Union.

Peter Turney, son of a prominent Franklin County attorney and Unites States Senator, raised a regiment (Turney’s First Tennessee Confederate Infantry) in response and joined the Confederate army in Virginia. Turney would serve as colonel before being wounded at Fredericksburg. After the war he became a member of the Tennessee Supreme Court, eventually Chief Justice (1886-1893), then governor of Tennessee from 1893-1897.

(caption)
(lower right) Major General A. P. Stewart
 
Erected by Tennessee's Backroads Heritage.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. A significant historical month for this entry is February 1861.
 
Location. Marker has been reported permanently removed.
Old Jail Museum image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Don Morfe, April 24, 2014
3. Old Jail Museum
It was located near 35° 11.279′ N, 86° 6.57′ W. Marker was in Winchester, Tennessee, in Franklin County. Marker was at the intersection of Bluff Street and Dinah Shore Boulevard (Tennessee Route 50), on the right when traveling north on Bluff Street. The marker is on the wall of the Franklin County Old Jail Museum. Touch for map. Marker was at or near this postal address: 400 Dinah Shore Blvd, Winchester TN 37398, United States of America.

We have been informed that this sign or monument is no longer there and will not be replaced. This page is an archival view of what was.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this location. Bridge Construction / Franklin County Old Jail Museum (within shouting distance of this marker); Bates Foods / Franklin County Library (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Built 1912 (about 800 feet away); Oldham Theatre / Masonic Lodge #158 (about 800 feet away); Built 1896 (about 800 feet away); Built 1916 (about 800 feet away); Built 1890 (about 800 feet away); Built 1889 (about 800 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Winchester.
 
Also see . . .  Tennessee's Backroads. (Submitted on July 12, 2014.)
 
Old Jail Museum-Entrance sign image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Don Morfe, April 24, 2014
4. Old Jail Museum-Entrance sign
Tullahoma Campaign Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Darren Jefferson Clay, September 25, 2022
5. Tullahoma Campaign Marker
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on October 6, 2022. It was originally submitted on July 10, 2014, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. This page has been viewed 583 times since then and 22 times this year. Last updated on October 5, 2022, by Darren Jefferson Clay of Duluth, Georgia. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on July 10, 2014, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland.   5. submitted on October 5, 2022, by Darren Jefferson Clay of Duluth, Georgia. • J. Makali Bruton was the editor who published this page.

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Apr. 24, 2024