“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Cartersville in Cumberland County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)

Rosenwald School at Cartersville

Cartersville, Virginia


— Civil Rights in Education Heritage Trail® —

Rosenwald School at Cartersville CRIEHT Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Bernard Fisher, July 25, 2009
1. Rosenwald School at Cartersville CRIEHT Marker
Inscription.  Julius Rosenwald, a former president of Sears, Roebuck & Co., continued the efforts made by numerous philanthropists to bring education to African Americans in the South. During the early 1900s, funding for schools was scarce; the South had half as much per capita wealth as the rest of the country, and a third more children. Added to this was the expense of providing a dual system of education. In 1912 Rosenwald, who had donated heavily to the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama, authorized Dr. Booker T. Washington, president of Tuskegee, to use some of these funds for the building of schools for African-American students across the South. The Julius Rosenwald Fund was eventually founded in 1917, with the stipulation that the fund would cease 25 years after Rosenwald’s death. Dr. Fletcher B. Dressler of Peabody College was contracted to design functional and attractive plans for a variety of school types. In Southside Virginia, the schools were primarily one-, two- or three-roomed, built of frame construction and siding. They were usually painted a gray-blue with white trim around large windows spaces. The larger schools featured a community
Civil Rights in Education Heritage Trail® Map image. Click for full size.
2. Civil Rights in Education Heritage Trail® Map
Appomattox County
1. Winonah Camp/Mozella Price Home
2. Carver-Price School
3. Education in 1800's Rural Virginia

Buckingham County
4. One-Room Schoolhouse
5. Carter G. Woodson Birthplace

Cumberland County
6. Hamilton High School
7. Rosenwald School at Cartersville
8. Jackson Davis

Amelia County
9. Russell Grove Presbyterian Church and School
10. Mrs. Samantha Jane Neil

Chesterfield County
11. Virginia State University

12. Earliest Known Public High School for African Americans in Virginia
13. McKenney Library
14. The Peabody-Williams School

Dinwiddie County
15. Southside Virginia Training Center
16. Rocky Branch School
17. Early Education in Dinwiddie County

Nottoway County
18. Blackstone Female Institute
19. Mt. Nebo Church
20. Ingleside Training Institute

Lunenburg County
21. The People's Community Center
22. St. Matthew's Lutheran Church Christian Day School

Prince Edward County
23. Prince Edward County Public Schools
24. R. R. Moton High School
25. Farmville Female Seminary Association
26. First Baptist Church
27. Beulah AME Church
28. Hampden-Sydney College

Charlotte County
29. Southside Virginia Community College - John H. Daniel Campus
30. Charlotte County Library
31. Salem School

Halifax County
32. Meadville Community Center
33. Mary M. Bethune High School
34. Washington-Coleman Elementary School
35. Mizpah Church

Mecklenburg County
36. Thyne Institute
37. Boydton Academic and Bible Institute

Brunswick County
38. Southside Virginia Community College - Christanna Campus
39. Saint Paul's College
40. Hospital and School of the Good Shepherd
41. Fort Christanna
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room used for gatherings and neighborhood health services. The New Hope School on this site is one of several Rosenwald schools that still stands today in Cumberland County.

Eventually through the Rosenwald Fund, 5,358 modern rural black schools were built, seating at any one time 663,795 pupils in 15 states. After spending $22 million dollars, the Rosenwald program officially ended in 1932. The records of the Rosenwald Fund and the architectural plans are now archived at Fisk University in Nashville, TN.

(Above) Rosenwald School at New Hope.

(Left) 1958 graduates of Pine Grove School, a Rosenwald School in Cumberland. Left to right: William Matthews, Gloria Miller, and Tyrone West.

(Above Right) Rosenwald School at Cartersville as it stands today.

Pine Grove School photo courtesy of Mrs. Robert Scales. Rosenwald School at New Hope photo courtesy of The Jackson Davis Collection, Special Collections Department, University of Virginia Library.
Erected by Civil Rights in Education Heritage Trail®. (Marker Number 7.)
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: African AmericansCivil Rights
Rosenwald School at Cartersville image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Bernard Fisher, July 25, 2009
3. Rosenwald School at Cartersville
Education. In addition, it is included in the Civil Rights in Education Heritage Trail, the Historically Black Colleges and Universities, and the Rosenwald Schools series lists. A significant historical year for this entry is 1912.
Location. 37° 39.604′ N, 78° 7.02′ W. Marker is near Cartersville, Virginia, in Cumberland County. Marker can be reached from Cartersville Road (Virginia Route 45) 0.1 miles north of Ampthill Road, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Cartersville VA 23027, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 5 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Campaign of 1781 (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); Hamilton High School (approx. half a mile away); Clifton (approx. one mile away); a different marker also named Campaign of 1781 (approx. 1.7 miles away); Lee's Stopping Place (approx. 3 miles away); Derwent (approx. 4.3 miles away); a different marker also named Derwent (approx. 4.3 miles away); Muddy Creek School (approx. 4½ miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Cartersville.
Also see . . .
1. Civil Rights in Education Heritage Trail. (Submitted on July 27, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Richmond, Virginia.)
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2. Sears Archives. Julius Rosenwald (1862-1932). (Submitted on July 27, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Richmond, Virginia.) 

3. The Alicia Patterson Foundation. Saving the Rosenwald Schools: Preserving African American History. (Submitted on July 27, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Richmond, Virginia.) 
Credits. This page was last revised on August 14, 2022. It was originally submitted on July 27, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Richmond, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,744 times since then and 92 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on July 27, 2009, by Bernard Fisher of Richmond, Virginia.

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Oct. 5, 2022