“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Leesburg in Loudoun County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)

Aftermath of Ballís Bluff

Aftermath of Ball's Bluff Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, September 1, 2007
1. Aftermath of Ball's Bluff Marker
Inscription.  Ballís Bluff is the only battlefield where on which a United States senator was killed in combat. Edward Dickinson Baker, senator from Oregon, was also a colonel and one of Brig. Gen. Charles Stoneís three brigade commanders. Baker was a long-time friend of President Lincoln and was known as a brilliant orator. His canvassing efforts during the 1860 election campaign helped win both California and Oregon for Lincoln.

Bakerís death here and three Union defeats in 1861 resulted in the creation of the Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War. Composed of three senators and four representatives, this committee remained in session throughout the war and gave itself the power to investigate anything or anyone. Its first investigation dealt with Ballís Bluff. Its first victim was General Stone.

Going after Stone more for political reasons than because he had lost a battle, the committee allowed hearsay and complaints by officers whom General Stone had previously disciplined to count as valid testimony. The sessions were closed and Stone himself was questioned without being informed he had become the target of the investigation. Stone
The Old Aftermath of Ball's Bluff Marker image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 30, 2007
2. The Old Aftermath of Ball's Bluff Marker
Replaced in August 2007, this marker had a slightly different text:
Among the Union casualties here at Ball's Bluff was U.S. Senator, Colonel Edward D. Baker, boyhood friend of Abraham Lincoln. Baker was a former Congressman from Illinois, a brilliant lawyer and orator, veteran of the Mexican War and sitting U.S. Senator from Oregon. It was due to Baker's effort that the west coast was held for Lincoln in the 1860 elections.

Baker's death here and the twin Union defeats at Manassas and Ball's Bluff gave cause for the creation of a Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War. This committee was comprised of three Senators and four Congressmen. These radical Republicans and war Democrats held three hearings behind closed doors concerning Ball's Bluff.

Meeting as a Star Chambered Court, they used hearsay testimony, camp gossip, personal prejudice and lies to find General Charles Stone guilty of treason. Without being able to confront his accusers or to know what they even had stated, Stone was arrested on February 12, 1862.

Thrown into the dungeon of Fort Lafayette in New York Harbor and then into prison at Fort Hamilton, New York City, General Stone languished for 6 months before being released. His health, life and military career ruined, Stone left the U.S. Army in August 1864. After the war, he became Chief of Staff of the Egyptian Army. Returning to the United States in 1880, he built the pedestal for the Statue of Liberty and was Grand Marshal for its dedication in October of 1886, twenty-five years after Ball's Bluff.

Kim Holien -- Narrative and graphics.
Robert Wells Jr. and The American Blue & Gray Association - financial support.
was arrested in front of his Washington home near midnight on February 8, 1862.

Stone was imprisoned in New York at Forts Lafayette and Hamilton for six months with no charges ever being filed against him. He finally was released on August 16, 1862.

He served for several months in the western theater under General Nathaniel P. Banks, and then briefly commanded a brigade in the V Corps of the Army of the Potomac. But typhoid and the attacks on his reputation did their work and he resigned from the army in September of 1864. He later spent over 12 years as Chief of Staff to the Khedive of Egypt and, following his return home early in 1883, became chief engineer on the Statue of Liberty project. Stone died of pneumonia on January 24, 1887, three months after serving as Grand Marshall at the dedication of the Statue of Liberty.
Erected by Ball's Bluff Regional Park/Northern Virginia Regional Park Authority.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Former U.S. Presidents: #16 Abraham Lincoln, and the NOVA Parks 🏞️ series lists.
Location. 39° 7.825′ N, 77° 31.846′ W. Marker is in Leesburg, Virginia, in Loudoun County. Marker can be reached
Markers Adjacent to the Parking Lot image. Click for full size.
By Craig Swain, July 30, 2007
3. Markers Adjacent to the Parking Lot
from Ballís Bluff Road, on the right when traveling east. Located inside Ballís Bluff Regional Park, just off the parking lot. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Leesburg VA 20176, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A Divided America, A Divided Loudoun County (here, next to this marker); Battle of Balls Bluff (here, next to this marker); Additional Area Civil War Sites (here, next to this marker); The Battle at Ballís Bluff (within shouting distance of this marker); 8th Virginia Infantry (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); 8th Virginia Volunteer Infantry Regiment (about 500 feet away); 17th Mississippi Infantry (about 600 feet away); Battlefield Historic Restoration Project (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Leesburg.
More about this marker. The marker displays a portrait of General Charles P. Stone. A paint“Recovering the body of Colonel Edward D. Baker.” A drawing on the lower right shows Fort Lafayette, New York.
Regarding Aftermath of Ballís Bluff. This marker is one of a set along the Balls Bluff Battlefield walking trail. See the Balls Bluff Virtual Tour by Markers link below for details on each stop.
Also see . . .
1. Joint Committee On The Conduct Of The War. (Submitted on August 29, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
2. Brig. Gen. Charles P. Stone's letter. to the Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War (Submitted on August 29, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 

3. Balls Bluff Battlefield Virtual Tour by Marker. Over twenty
Grave of Lt. Gen. Charles P. Stone image. Click for full size.
By Bill Coughlin, September 5, 2009
4. Grave of Lt. Gen. Charles P. Stone
Gen. Stone is buried in West Point Cemetery at the U.S. Military Academy.
markers detail the action at Balls Bluff and related sites. Please use the Click to map all markers shown on this page option at the bottom of the page to view a map of the marker locations. The hybrid view offers an excellent overlook of the park. (Submitted on November 11, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on August 29, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,630 times since then and 4 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on September 1, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   2, 3. submitted on August 29, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.   4. submitted on September 7, 2009, by Bill Coughlin of North Arlington, New Jersey. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page.
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Feb. 25, 2021