Rensselaer in Rensselaer County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Gen. Henry Knox Trail
Gen. Henry Knox
In the Winter of 1775 - 1776
To Deliver To
Gen. George Washington
The Train of Artillery
From Fort Ticonderoga
Used to Force the British
Army to Evacuate Boston
The State of New York
During the Sesquicentennial
of the American Revolution
Erected 1926 by State of New York. (Marker Number NY-23.)
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Roads & Vehicles • War, US Revolutionary. In addition, it is included in the Former U.S. Presidents: #01 George Washington, and the General Henry Knox Trail series lists. A significant historical year for this entry is 1775.
Location. 42° 38.1′ N, 73° 44.809′ W. Marker is in Rensselaer, New York, in Rensselaer County. Marker is at the intersection of Aiken Ave. and Columbia Turnpike (U.S. 9 & 20), on the left when traveling south on Aiken Ave.. The Gen. Henry Knox Trail Marker is in the median Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 35 Aiken Ave, Rensselaer NY 12144, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Trade Partners Along the Hudson (about 800 feet away, measured in a direct line); Fort Crailo (approx. 0.3 miles away); a different marker also named Fort Crailo (approx. 0.3 miles away); U.S.S. Slater (approx. half a mile away); Phase 3 Albany 2002 - Present (approx. half a mile away); Phase 2 Albany 1997 - 2001 (approx. half a mile away); Drydocking Staten Island 2014 (approx. half a mile away); Phase 1 New York City 1993-1997 (approx. half a mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Rensselaer.
More about this marker. The marker consists of a bronze plaque mounted on a large stone base. The plaque is attributed to sculptor Henry James Albright, 1887-1951.
A relief plaque on a stone marker commemorates General Henry Knox's delivery of artillery from Fort Ticonderoga to General George Washington at Cambridge, Massachusetts in the winter of 1775-1776. The image on the relief plaque depicts a young male figure driving a team of oxen. A uniformed male, probably General Knox, stands to the far right. The left side of the plaque contains a map that traces Knox's route from Fort Ticonderoga to Cambridge,
Regarding Gen. Henry Knox Trail. The Henry Knox Cannon Trail denotes the path followed by Colonel Knox and his men from December 1775 to January 1776 to transport 59 captured weapon pieces from Fort Ticonderoga and Crown Point on Lake Champlain, New York to General George Washington at Dorchester Heights overlooking Boston, Massachusetts.
This pivotal event of the American Revolution resulted in the evacuation of British soldiers from Boston.
The Advisory Board on Battlefields and Historic Sites recommended that the state of New York purchase 30 granite markers in identical pattern, each with a bronze tablet featuring a map of the trail, an image in relief of cannon being dragged by ox sled through the snow, and the words:
"Through this place passed General Henry Knox in the winter of 1775 - 1776 to deliver to General George Washington at Cambridge the Train of Artillery from Fort Ticonderoga used to force the British army to evacuate Boston. Erected by the State of New York 1927."
In all, 30 of the bronze plaques are in New York State and 26 in Massachusetts. They represent the 56-day journey of American troops from Fort Ticonderoga to Boston.
The monuments were erected beginning in 1926,
According to the Hudson River Valley Institute website, General Washington believed he could dislodge the British from the city, and dispatched Henry Knox, a 25-year-old Boston bookseller, to organize transportation of the captured artillery pieces from Lake Champlain forts to the heights overlooking Boston in the winter of 1775. The British had occupied Boston since their victory in the Battle of Bunker Hill.
Henry Knox arrived at Fort Ticonderoga on the evening of December 5, 1775 accompanied by his 19-year-old brother William and a servant, Miller. Early the next day, assisted by the garrison of Fort Ticonderoga, he began to move the guns, including 43 heavy brass and iron cannons, 6 coehorns, 8 mortars and 2 howitzers.
In the second week of March, 1776, four months before the Declaration of Independence was signed, General Washington was ready to bombard the British in Boston from Dorchester Heights, using the array of heavy guns General Knox had laboriously dragged from Lake Champlain.
Lord William Howe recognized that only the evacuation of his army could save it, and on March 18 the victorious American army marched into the deserted city.
Related markers.list of markers that are related to this marker. These markers follow the route used by Knox to transfer cannons from Fort Ticonderoga to Cambridge, Mass.
Also see . . . "Major General Henry Knox" biography from The American Revolution Homepage website. (Submitted on October 27, 2009, by Howard C. Ohlhous of Duanesburg, New York.)
Additional keywords. George Washington, Ft George, Ft Edward, Saratoga, Halfmoon, Albany, Kinderhook, Claverach, Noblestown, Cambridge, Heritage Trail, Revolutionary Trail
Credits. This page was last revised on November 28, 2019. It was originally submitted on October 27, 2009, by Howard C. Ohlhous of Duanesburg, New York. This page has been viewed 1,258 times since then and 52 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on October 27, 2009, by Howard C. Ohlhous of Duanesburg, New York. 4. submitted on July 24, 2009, by Bill Coughlin of Woodland Park, New Jersey. 5. submitted on October 27, 2009, by Howard C. Ohlhous of Duanesburg, New York. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page.