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Birmingham in Jefferson County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)
 

Jefferson County Courthouses

 
 
Jefferson County Courthouses Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Tim Carr, June 25, 2009
1. Jefferson County Courthouses Marker
Inscription.  

Territorial legislature designated home of Maj. Moses Kelly (in Jones Valley) as site of first court in this area of Alabama, 1818.
After creation of Jefferson County, 1819, court held at Carrollsville (Powderly) until county seat established at Elyton, 1820.
County seat moved to Birmingham, 1873. Two story brick Courthouse completed 1875 on NE corner 3rd Ave. and 21st St., North. Replaced 1887 by elaborate three story structure which served county until 1931. Separate Bessemer Division of Circuit Court established 1915. Bessemer Courthouse completed 1920.

Present Courthouse completed 1931. Designed by Holabird and Root of Chicago. Constructed of reinforced concrete faced with granite and limestone. North Annex built 1964.
Sculptured reliefs on west face depicting history of Jefferson County by Leo Friedlander.
Murals in west foyer representing "Old South" and "New South" by John Norton.
Bronze statue of Thomas Jefferson by Birmingham artist Georges Bridges.
 
Erected 1982 by Alabama Historical Association.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker
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is listed in these topic lists: Arts, Letters, MusicGovernment & PoliticsNotable Buildings. In addition, it is included in the Alabama Historical Association series list. A significant historical year for this entry is 1818.
 
Location. 33° 31.26′ N, 86° 48.558′ W. Marker is in Birmingham, Alabama, in Jefferson County. Marker can be reached from Richard Arrington Jr. Blvd. North. Marker located to the north of the west entrance (Linn Park side) of the Courthouse. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 716 Richard Arrington Jr Blvd North, Birmingham AL 35203, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Right to Vote (here, next to this marker); Linn-Henley Research Library (within shouting distance of this marker); The Birmingham Public Library / The Linn - Henley Research Library (within shouting distance of this marker); The Importance of Being Educated (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Public Library Desegregated (about 300 feet away); Separate But Unequal Education (about 400 feet away); The Stand for Freedom
Jefferson County Courthouse Marker reverse image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Tim Carr, June 25, 2009
2. Jefferson County Courthouse Marker reverse
(about 400 feet away); A City of Two Governments (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Birmingham.
 
Jefferson County Courthouses Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Tim Carr, December 21, 2009
3. Jefferson County Courthouses Marker
Jefferson County Courthouse West Side (Linn Park Side) image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Tim Carr, December 21, 2009
4. Jefferson County Courthouse West Side (Linn Park Side)
Jefferson County Courthouse East Entrance (Richard Arrington Jr. Blvd Side) image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Tim Carr, December 21, 2009
5. Jefferson County Courthouse East Entrance (Richard Arrington Jr. Blvd Side)
Jefferson County Courthouse Sculputed Relief 1 by Artist Leo Friedlander image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Tim Carr, December 22, 2009
6. Jefferson County Courthouse Sculputed Relief 1 by Artist Leo Friedlander
Jefferson County Courthouse Sculputed Relief 2 by Artist Leo Friedlander image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Tim Carr, December 22, 2009
7. Jefferson County Courthouse Sculputed Relief 2 by Artist Leo Friedlander
Jefferson County Courthouse Sculputed Relief 3 by Artist Leo Friedlander image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Tim Carr, December 22, 2009
8. Jefferson County Courthouse Sculputed Relief 3 by Artist Leo Friedlander
Jefferson County Courthouse Sculputed Relief 4 by Artist Leo Friedlander image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Tim Carr, December 22, 2009
9. Jefferson County Courthouse Sculputed Relief 4 by Artist Leo Friedlander
Jefferson County Courthouse Sculputed Relief 5 by Artist Leo Friedlander image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Tim Carr, December 22, 2009
10. Jefferson County Courthouse Sculputed Relief 5 by Artist Leo Friedlander
Jefferson County Courthouse Sculputed Relief 6 by Artist Leo Friedlander image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Tim Carr, December 22, 2009
11. Jefferson County Courthouse Sculputed Relief 6 by Artist Leo Friedlander
Jefferson County Courthouse Sculputed Relief 7 by Artist Leo Friedlander image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Tim Carr, December 22, 2009
12. Jefferson County Courthouse Sculputed Relief 7 by Artist Leo Friedlander
"Old South" Mural, Artist John Norton image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Tim Carr, December 21, 2009
13. "Old South" Mural, Artist John Norton
"Old South" Mural, Artist John Norton image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Tim Carr, December 21, 2009
14. "Old South" Mural, Artist John Norton
"New South" Mural, Artist John Norton image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Tim Carr, December 21, 2009
15. "New South" Mural, Artist John Norton
"New South" Mural, Artist John Norton image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Tim Carr, December 21, 2009
16. "New South" Mural, Artist John Norton
Bronze Statue of Thomas Jefferson by Birmingham Artist Georges Bridges image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Tim Carr, December 22, 2009
17. Bronze Statue of Thomas Jefferson by Birmingham Artist Georges Bridges
The 1887-1931 Jefferson County Courthouse image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Unknown, 1889
18. The 1887-1931 Jefferson County Courthouse
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on September 10, 2020. It was originally submitted on December 22, 2009, by Timothy Carr of Birmingham, Alabama. This page has been viewed 2,418 times since then and 14 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17. submitted on December 22, 2009, by Timothy Carr of Birmingham, Alabama.   18. submitted on September 10, 2020, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.

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Feb. 26, 2024