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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Columbia in Richland County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

"Chesnut Cottage"

 
 
"Chesnut Cottage" Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, 2010
1. "Chesnut Cottage" Marker
Inscription.  Temporary wartime home of Gen. and Mrs. James Chesnut. Here they entertained Jefferson Davis, president, C. S. A., and his staff, October 5, 1864. President Davis addressed the citizens of Columbia from the front steps of this cottage.
 
Erected 1938 by The Columbia Sesquicentennial Commission of 1936. (Marker Number 40-4.)
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil.
 
Location. 34° 0.48′ N, 81° 1.578′ W. Marker is in Columbia, South Carolina, in Richland County. Marker is on Hampton Street, on the right when traveling east. Located between Henderson Street and Barnwell Street. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Columbia SC 29201, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Victorian By Design (within shouting distance of this marker); Divided By Design (within shouting distance of this marker); Wilson Boyhood House (within shouting distance of this marker); Wilson House (within shouting distance of this marker); Woodrow Wilson Family Home & Gardens
"Chesnut Cottage" Marker, looking east along Hampton Street image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, February 21, 2010
2. "Chesnut Cottage" Marker, looking east along Hampton Street
(within shouting distance of this marker); Pieces of the Past (within shouting distance of this marker); A Fortunate Survivor (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Tommy Wilson's Neighborhood (about 300 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Columbia.
 
Regarding "Chesnut Cottage". The Chesnut Cottage is significant architecturally as an example of a “Columbia Cottage,” an adaptation of the standard Classical or Greek Revival-based cottage to local conditions and requirements. Historically, the Chesnut Cottage is significant as the home of General James and Mary Boykin Chesnut during the Civil War period. General Chesnut served on Jefferson Davis’s staff. Mary Chesnut provided future generation with eyewitness accounts of happenings during the 1860s with her Diary from Dixie, edited by Ben Ames Williams and published in 1905. In the fall of 1864, Davis was entertained at the Chesnut Cottage and from its front steps made a speech to a large crowd of the citizens of Columbia. Built ca. 1855-1860, the cottage has retained its original appearance. The one-and-one-half-story frame house, with a central dormer with an arched window has an unusual balustrade
"Chesnut Cottage" Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, February 21, 2010
3. "Chesnut Cottage" Marker
combining ironwork and wood. The portico, supported by octagonal columns, shelters a front doorway with sidelights and transom. Listed in the National Register May 6, 1971. (South Carolina Department of Archives and History)

National Register of Historic Places:
Chesnut Cottage ** (added 1971 - - #71000797)
♦ Historic Significance: Architecture/Engineering, Person
♦Architect, builder, or engineer: Unknown
♦Architectural Style: Other, Classical Revival
♦Historic Person: Chestnut, Gen. James
♦Significant Year: 1855
♦Area of Significance: Politics/Government, Architecture
♦Period of Significance: 1850-1874
♦Owner: Private
♦Historic Function: Domestic
♦Historic Sub-function: Single Dwelling
 
"Chesnut Cottage"and Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mike Stroud, February 21, 2010
4. "Chesnut Cottage"and Marker
National Register of Historic Places: Chesnut Cottage ** (added 1971 - Building - #71000797)
"Chesnut Cottage" Marker image. Click for full size.
South Carolina Department of Archives and History
5. "Chesnut Cottage" Marker
"Chesnut Cottage" rear view image. Click for full size.
South Carolina Department of Archives and History
6. "Chesnut Cottage" rear view
James Chesnut image. Click for full size.
Library of Congress
7. James Chesnut
by Julian Vannerson, 1859
Mary Boykin Chesnut image. Click for full size.
Wikipedia
8. Mary Boykin Chesnut
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on November 24, 2020. It was originally submitted on February 25, 2010, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina. This page has been viewed 1,174 times since then and 42 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on February 26, 2010, by Mike Stroud of Bluffton, South Carolina.   7, 8. submitted on September 30, 2020, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.
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Nov. 30, 2020