Burlington in Alamance County, North Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
Battle of Clapp's Mill
Mecklenburg County, NC: militiamen John Ford
Botetourt County, VA: militiamen William Harvey
Three unknown Virginia militiamen.
One officer, Sixteen rank & file primarily from the British Guards under Captain Francis Dundas.
It was the first time that General Greene entered into an action with a force superior in numbers to the British Army. Approximately 5,000 men, British and American troops, were in place or in reserve for the Battle of Clapp’s Mill.
While the planned ambush was unsuccessful, it drew Lieutenant General Charles Lord Cornwallis up a longer road to Weitzel’s Mill on March 6, and to Guilford Courthouse on March 15. On March 18 Cornwallis led his wearied and depleted troops toward Wilmington and his sources of supply.
Following the Battle of Clapp’s Mill, Gen. Greene disbanded the horse rifle units in favor of light infantry and dragoon (cavalry) units.
The events of March 2 and March 6 led to conflict between militia and the command of the Americans army. This friction was fueled by a debate in Congress over the maintenance of a standing Continental Army. Much later this and subsequent misunderstanding resulted in a Uniform Code of Military Justice.
Adj. Col. Otho Holland Williams, Field Commander
First Line: Lt. Col. Henry “Lighthorse Harry” Lee – Lee’s Legion
Six Catawba Indians, Serving with Capt. Edward Oldham
Botetourt Co., VA, militiamen – Maj. Thomas Rowland
Montgomery Co., VA, militiamen – Col. William Preston
Hillsborough District, NC militia – Col. William Moore
Salisbury District, NC militia – Col. Joseph Dickson
Second Line: Delaware Continental Regiment – Capt. Richard C. Kirkwood
Maryland Continental Light Troops – Capt. Edward Oldham
Third Line: 3rd Continental Light Dragoons – Lt. Col. William A. Washington
1st, 3rd, & 5th Maryland Continental Regiments – Col. Otho H. Williams
In reserve: Maj. Gen. Nathanael Greene with American troops positioned south of the junction of Buffaloe Road (US 70) & Cross Creek Road (Springwood Church Road) at the mill of George Ingle on north branch of Alamance Creek.
British Light Troops & Commanders – Lt. Gen. Charles Lord Cornwallis
Lt. Col. Banastre Tarleton, Field Commander
British Left: 33rd Regiment
British Middle: Capt. Francis Dundas
1st and 3rd Regiments of Household Guards
The Coldstream Guards
British Right: The Loyal Legion – Lt. Col. Banastre Tarlton
In reserve: South of Beaver Creek, Regiment von Bose & Yagers
Lt. Col. Johann Christian du Buy & the British Artillery.
At Clapp’s Mill, Field Commander Colonel Otho H. Williams used the militia as bait in an attempt to draw the British army (near this spot) into an ambush on the Great Alamance Creek where American troops were armed and waiting.
After heavy firing ensued on both sides, Col. Williams gave the order to retreat. Lee’s Legion retreated slowly to draw the British after them, but the militia panicked and fled from the battlefield. As a result, Gen. Green ordered the militia to send their horses home. Some refused to abandon their horses and left the army.
Although the militiamen from Botetouri
Despite the dissatisfaction with the militia, these volunteers provided numbers sufficient for General Greene and Colonel Williams to execute this attack on the British Army.
January 17, 1781 – The Battle of Cowpens
February 1, 1781 – The Battle of Cowan’s Ford
February 3, 1781 – The Battle of Shallow Ford
February 9-10, 1781 – Greene at Guilford Courthouse
February 9-11, 1781 – Cornwallis at Wachovia (the Moravian settlements)
February 14-15, 1781 – Greene crosses the Dan River
February 21, 1781 – Cornwallis establishes headquarters at Hllsborough and raises the British Standard
February 22-23, 1781 - Skirmish at Hart’s Mill near Hillsborough
February 24, 1781 - Pyle’s Massacre
February 28, 1781 - The British Army moves near Clapp’s Mill
March 1, 1781 - American light
March 2, 1781 - The Battle of Clapp’s Mill
March 3, 1781 - British mistakenly attack a group of Tories enroute to join the British Army
March 6, 1781 - The Battle of Weitzel’s Mill on Reedy Fork
March 15, 1781 - The Battle of New Garden
March 15, 1781 - The Battle of Guilford Courthouse
March 18, 1781 - Cornwallis departs for Wilmington by way of Snow Camp and Cross Creek (Fayetteville)
April 7, 1781 - Greene departs for South Carolina
April 25, 1781 - Cornwallis leaves Wilmington for Virginia
October 17-19, 1781 - Cornwallis surrenders at Yorktown, Virginia
This mill was located near the crossroads of several major colonial roads. Near this strategic site, just
American forces, with reserves in place on Great Alamance Creek, moved forward (across the present Pond Road) in a planned ambush on the British. The two powers clashed on the high bluff overlooking Clapp’s Mill on Beaver Creek.
Mills like Clapp’s Mill flourished along the streams of the Haw River system until the late 1800s when many were merged or ceased production. Many of these mills are the predecessors of the modern textile industry in Alamance County.
Land speculation by the Earl of Granville and Henry E. McCulloh attracted German settlers to the banks of the Haw River system in North Carolina. These hard working immigrants established themselves as a distinct community by the beginning of the American Revolution. Foundations had been laid
The German community was solidly behind the Regulator movement’s desire to end government corruption. In the American Revolution, community opinion was divided. Both armies occupied their lands and made demands upon their goods and services and threatened the continued existence of this “Beaver Creek Settlement.”
Many German colonists, from the Stinking Quarter to Reedy Fork, served with the American army.
Colonel Otho H. Williams wrote to General Nathanael Greene, “We have a great many friends upon the Haw River. I hear of a great number of men in arms in almost every direction and wish to see them collected.”
Erected 1994 by Battle of Alamance Chapter, DAR and Alamance Battleground Chapter, SAR.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Military • Notable Events • Patriots & Patriotism • War, US Revolutionary. In addition, it is included in the Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR) series list. A significant historical month for this entry is January 1845.
Location. 36° 2.108′ N, 79° 31.607′ W. Marker is in Burlington, North Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 2704 Huffman Mill Road, Burlington NC 27215, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A different marker also named Battle of Clapp's Mill (approx. 1.7 miles away); The John Allen House (approx. 1.8 miles away); A Revolutionary War Connection (approx. 1.8 miles away); The Battle of Alamance (approx. 1.8 miles away); Pugh's Rock (approx. 1.8 miles away); a different marker also named Battle of Alamance (approx. 1.9 miles away); Battle of Alamance Monument (approx. 1.9 miles away); First Battle of the Revolution (approx. 1.9 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Burlington.
More about this marker. A memorial millstone marker circled by granite story boards and maps relates the March 2, 1781 battle at Clapp's Mill.
At the head of the paved walkway leading to the circle
Also featured is a cornerstone from Clapp's Mill.
An American flag and a Union Jack fly over the monument.
Regarding Battle of Clapp's Mill. *Typographical error on the marker. The reference to "Lighthouse Harry Lee" refers to Lieutenant Colonel Henry Lee, III who was nicknamed "Light Horse Harry" for his prowess on a horse in the Revolutionary War.
Lee's forces served at the Battle of Guilford Court House, the Battle of Camden and the Battle of Eutaw Springs. He was present at Cornwallis' surrender at Yorktown. Lee attained the rank of Major General and led 13,000 troops leading troops in The Whiskey Rebellion.
In 1791, he became the ninth Governor of Virginia. He was the father of Confederate General Robert E. Lee.
Also see . . . The Battle of Clapp's Mill. (Submitted on March 1, 2010, by Bill Pfingsten of Bel Air, Maryland.)
1. William Harvey Mortally wounded at Clapp’s Mill
According to family lore in the Gillespie Family: John Gillespie and his brother-in-law
— Submitted July 26, 2012, by Hazel Thomas Hill of Easley SC.
Additional keywords. Battle of Alamance, American Revolutionary War, Alamance Regulators, militiamen, Nathaniel Greene, Pyle's Massacre, Weitzel's Mill, Guilford Courthouse
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on February 28, 2010, by Paul Jordan of Burlington, N. C., U. S. A.. This page has been viewed 4,741 times since then and 182 times this year. It was the Marker of the Week March 7, 2010. Photos: 1. submitted on February 28, 2010, by Paul Jordan of Burlington, N. C., U. S. A.. 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. submitted on March 3, 2010, by Paul Jordan of Burlington, N. C., U. S. A.. 8. submitted on February 28, 2010, by Paul Jordan of Burlington, N. C., U. S. A.. 9, 10. submitted on March 3, 2010, by Paul Jordan of Burlington, N. C., U. S. A.. 11. submitted on February 28, 2010, by Paul Jordan of Burlington, N. C., U. S. A.. 12, 13, 14, 15. submitted on March 3, 2010, by Paul Jordan of Burlington, N. C., U. S. A.. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.