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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Nacogdoches in Nacogdoches County, Texas — The American South (West South Central)
 

"The Treaty"

sculpted by Michael Boyett

 
 
"The Treaty" Marker image. Click for full size.
By Steve Gustafson, March 31, 2010
1. "The Treaty" Marker
Inscription.  The date was February 23, 1836, and the situation for Texas was desperate. Santa Anna with about 6,000 troops was on the march towards the Alamo with the intent of smashing the small, poorly-organized, and ill-equipped army of Texans along with their fledgling government. Fearing an alliance between Mexico and the Indian tribes, the Texas government sent its envoys to meet with the East Texas tribes, hoping to negotiate a treaty designed to keep them from fighting on the side of Mexico and remaining neutral.

Nacogdoches residents, Sam Houston, Adolphus Sterne, and William Goyens, represented Texas in the negotiations, with Chief Bowles representing the Indian tribes. When the time came to sign the treaty, General Houston and John Forbes represented Texas, and Bowles, Cherokee Chief, spoke for the Indian tribes. Houston and Bowles were longtime friends and highly respected by one another and their peoples as leaders and men of integrity. Houston had become a member of the Cherokee nation, and many years before was given the title "The Raven", meaning "good luck". These men were warrior leaders who had proved their courage on the battlefield.
"The Treaty" image. Click for full size.
By Steve Gustafson, March 31, 2010
2. "The Treaty"
Houston was the newly-commissioned commander of the army of Texas and Bowles, though over 80 years of age, was war chief of not only the Cherokees, but also the other 12 tribes represented.

During the negotiations, Houston presented gifts to Bowles, including a sash, sword, red silk vest, and long dress-shirt, which the chief wore proudly at the signing. The document, which was signed on the back page, was decorated with bright ribbons, and each chief made his "X" in its appropriate places.
 
Erected 2003 by Historic Nacogdoches, Inc.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Native AmericansSettlements & SettlersWar, Texas Independence.
 
Location. 31° 36.09′ N, 94° 39.03′ W. Marker is in Nacogdoches, Texas, in Nacogdoches County. Marker is at the intersection of Main Street and Lanana Street, on the right when traveling east on Main Street. The statue and marker are located in Eugenia Sterne Park. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Nacogdoches TX 75961, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Eugenia Sterne Park (within shouting distance of this marker); Site of Bivouac and Banquet for The New Orleans' Greys (within shouting distance of this marker); Home of Adolphus Sterne (about 400 feet away,
San Houston/Chief Bowles Statue Donor Plaque image. Click for full size.
By Steve Gustafson, March 31, 2010
3. San Houston/Chief Bowles Statue Donor Plaque
This statue of Sam Houston and Chief Bowles was made possible by the generous contributions of many individuals, families, and businesses in our community. The following gave extraordinary support to this effort.
[ Individuals, businesses and The Foundation are listed. ]
measured in a direct line); Haden Edwards (about 600 feet away); Oak Grove Cemetery (about 700 feet away); John S. Roberts (approx. 0.2 miles away); Charles Standfield Taylor (approx. 0.2 miles away); Texas Stagecoaches, C.S.A. (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Nacogdoches.
 
Close-up of the Chief Bowles and Sam Houston statue. image. Click for full size.
By Steve Gustafson, March 31, 2010
4. Close-up of the Chief Bowles and Sam Houston statue.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on September 14, 2020. It was originally submitted on April 15, 2010, by Steve Gustafson of Lufkin, Texas. This page has been viewed 1,223 times since then and 27 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on April 15, 2010, by Steve Gustafson of Lufkin, Texas. • Syd Whittle was the editor who published this page.
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Oct. 31, 2020