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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Charleston in Charleston County, South Carolina — The American South (South Atlantic)
 

8-inch (200 Pounder) Parrott

 
 
8-inch (200 Pounder) Parrott Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Craig Swain, May 3, 2010
1. 8-inch (200 Pounder) Parrott Marker
Inscription.  Robert Parker Parrott designed the 6.4-inch, 8-inch and 10-inch Parrotts to serve on land or sea. These versatile rifled cannon were simple and inexpensive to construct. This gun, like many of the other weapons in Fort Sumter, was brought to the Fort in the 1870's.

Maximum Range: 8000 yards (7315 M)
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil.
 
Location. 32° 45.139′ N, 79° 52.463′ W. Marker is near Charleston, South Carolina, in Charleston County. Marker is located at Fort Sumter National Monument and only reached by boat. See links below for more information about access to the site. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Charleston SC 29412, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Major Robert Anderson (a few steps from this marker); Flags of the Fort (a few steps from this marker); Fort Moultrie (a few steps from this marker); The Columbiad (a few steps from this marker); Morris Island (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named Morris Island
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(within shouting distance of this marker); 6.4-Inch (100-Pounder) Parrott (within shouting distance of this marker); Rearming the Fort (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Charleston.
 
8-inch Parrott and Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Craig Swain, May 3, 2010
2. 8-inch Parrott and Marker
8-inch (200 Pounder) Parrott image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Craig Swain, May 3, 2010
3. 8-inch (200 Pounder) Parrott
One of only eight surviving 8-inch Parrotts out of a production run of 91 for the Army and 87 for the Navy. All but the first examples were "cast hollow and cooled from the interior" using the technique perfected by Army officer T. J. Rodman. Note the breeching loop on the back of the gun. This allowed the same pattern to be used by both Army and Navy.
Muzzle Markings image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Craig Swain, May 3, 2010
4. Muzzle Markings
Visible on the muzzle are the marks "No 58" indicating the registry number, 1864 for the year of manufacture, "W.P.F." for West Point Foundry where the gun was produced, "8 I.N." indicating the caliber, "R.M.H." for inspecting officer Richard Mason Hill, and 16537 as the listed weight in pounds at time of inspection. 8-inch Parrotts had 11-groove rifling.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on October 23, 2020. It was originally submitted on May 16, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 1,161 times since then and 76 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on May 16, 2010, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.

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Jul. 24, 2024