Near Richmond in Madison County, Kentucky — The American South (East South Central)
The Battle of Richmond
August 29-30, 1862
Robert E. Lee's army advanced into Maryland. Sterling Price and Earl Van Dorn's armies marched toward Corinth, Mississippi. Braxton Bragg and Kirby Smith moved out of Tennessee and into Kentucky. It was Gen. Edmund Kirby Smith's battle-hardened army that engaged the untried Union soldiers at the four engagements that comprised the Battle of Richmond.
The first engagement took place at Big Hill on August 23, 1862. A skirmish on the afternoon of August 29 was followed by three major engagements the next day. The first took place near Kingston. You now stand in the center of that battlefield. The second engagement was at Rogersville (the area adjacent to the present day intersection of US 25 and US 421). The third took place in Richmond at the City Cemetery.
The battle of Richmond was an overwhelming Confederate victory
Over 5,353 of the 6,500 Union soldiers sent to stop the 9,000 Confederates were killed, wounded, or captured, most of them captured, making the Battle of Richmond one of the most decisive Confederate victories of the entire Civil
The Confederate success was short-lived. On October 8, three weeks after his victory at Munfordville, Gen. Braxton Bragg's Confederate army fought Gen. Don Carlos Buell's army at Perryville. After six bloody hour the Confederates pulled back to Harrodsburg. Gen. Kirby Smith reached Harrodsburg two days after Bragg's defeat and their armies began the long march back to Tennessee.
The other Confederate armies met with similar fates. Price and Van Dorn were defeated at Corinth. Neither side could claim victory after the Battle of Antietam, the bloodiest day in American history, but at its conclusion Robert E. Lee retreated. This "victory" gave Abraham Lincoln the opportunity to issue the Emancipation Proclamation, which would forever change the nation.
Erected by Civil War Discovery Trail.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Battlefield Trails - Civil War series list. A significant historical month for this entry is October 1862.
Location. 37° 39.844′ N, 84° 15.063′ W. Marker is near Richmond, Kentucky, in Madison County. Marker can be reached from Battlefield Memorial Highway (U.S. 421), on the right when traveling south. Marker is located on the grounds of the Battle of Richmond battlefield park at the Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Richmond KY 40475, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named Battle of Richmond (here, next to this marker); Slavery at Pleasant View Farm (here, next to this marker); In Honor and Remembrance (a few steps from this marker); General Thomas Churchill (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Union Trail (about 300 feet away); "Good, Common-Sense Soldiering" (about 400 feet away); Sharpshooters Check The Union Right (about 500 feet away); Saving the Richmond Battlefield (about 600 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Richmond.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. The Battle of Richmond, Kentucky, by Markers
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on June 7, 2010, by Lee Hattabaugh of Capshaw, Alabama. This page has been viewed 1,226 times since then and 50 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on June 7, 2010, by Lee Hattabaugh of Capshaw, Alabama. 3. submitted on July 24, 2015, by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. 4. submitted on July 27, 2015, by Brandon Fletcher of Chattanooga, Tennessee. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.