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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Frederick in Frederick County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

History of the Monocacy River Valley

 
 
History of the Monocacy River Valley Marker image. Click for full size.
By Devry Becker Jones, November 6, 2020
1. History of the Monocacy River Valley Marker
Inscription.  The earliest inhabitants of the Monocacy River Valley lived here about 12,000 years ago. These Native Americans lived in territorial, semi-nomadic groups dependent upon hunting, fishing, and food gathering.

When European settlers first came to Maryland, they encountered Native Americans who depended upon farming and who had established villages, being less reliant on hunting and gathering. River valleys such as the Monocacy provided desirable settlement areas, and by the time of permanent European settlement, the Native Americans had been forced to move west.

The German and British settlers brought with them distinctive building styles. The German tradition of stone and timber construction can still be seen in the Monocacy Valley with fine examples such as Scheifferstadt (built ca. 1736) in Frederick. British settlers utilized more brick than stone in construction.

The Monocacy River Valley was opened for settlement in 1730, when Frederick Calvert, sixth Lord Baltimore, offered free land in the area to attract settlers. People of German descent came from Pennsylvania, following the Monocacy River Valley south. English and
Markers at the Rest Stop / Overlook image. Click for full size.
By Devry Becker Jones, November 6, 2020
2. Markers at the Rest Stop / Overlook
The History of the Monocacy River Valley marker is in the center of the observation walkway behind the center shrubs.
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Scotch-Irish settlers came from Southern Maryland and present day Montgomery County.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Native AmericansSettlements & Settlers. A significant historical year for this entry is 1730.
 
Location. 39° 20.972′ N, 77° 23.39′ W. Marker is near Frederick, Maryland, in Frederick County. Marker can be reached from Interstate 270, on the right when traveling west. Located at a rest stop/scenic overlook loop reached from west bound I-270. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Frederick MD 21704, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Battle That Saved Washington (here, next to this marker); Clustered Spires of Frederick (here, next to this marker); Final Attack (approx. half a mile away); Civilians Under Siege (approx. half a mile away); Thomas Farm (approx. half a mile away); Federal Retreat (approx. half a mile away); 10th Vermont Monument (approx. ¾ mile away); State of Pennsylvania Monument (approx. 0.8 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Frederick.
 
More about this marker. On the left the marker displays a drawing of a "Native American palisaded village, circa 1585." Next to it is a drawing of various prehistoric spear points. A map on the upper right shows the settlement patterns of the valley. On the lower right is a photograph of Scheifferstadt.
 
Also see . . .  Settlement of the Catoctins. Forming the western edge of the Monocacy Valley, the Catoctins were settled by the same migration patterns. (Submitted on November 4, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.) 
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on November 6, 2020. It was originally submitted on November 4, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 2,124 times since then and 48 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on November 6, 2020, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.

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Oct. 18, 2021