Poolesville in Montgomery County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
— Gettysburg Campaign —
On the afternoon of June 28, Confederate Gen. J.E.B. Stuart’s cavalrymen, having crossed the Potomac into Maryland just south of here at Violettes Lock, burned 15 barges loaded with government stores in the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal near here. They also captured mules and men working the barges.
This had been a strategically important crossing since Jun 1861, when Union troops first camped here. They suffered Confederate surprise attacks throughout the war. Col. Elijah V. White’s 35th Battalion Virginia Cavalry, which included troopers from the area, captured 16 Union soldiers and 35 horses and mules in August 1863. During Confederate Gen. Jubal A. Early’s retreat after he threatened Washington in July 1864, his cavalry destroyed the Union camp, the canal lock, and several canal boats. Confederates attacked again across the frozen river
(sidebar) In December 1861, Professor Thaddeus Lowe, U.S. Chief of Aeronauts, established a base here for frequent balloon ascents to observe Confederate movements across the river near Leesburg. Although the Confederates attempted camouflage and concealment, the balloon reconnaissance proved fruitful and continued until March 1862. Gen. Charles P. Stone, commanding Federal troops camped nearby, made at least one ascent himself.
Erected by Maryland Civil War Trails.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Chesapeake and Ohio (C&O) Canal, and the Maryland Civil War Trails series lists. A significant historical month for this entry is February 1865.
Location. 39° 6.2′ N, 77° 28.392′ W. Marker is in Poolesville, Maryland, in Montgomery County. Marker is on Edward's Ferry Road, on the right. The marker is inside the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historic Park, at the end of Edward’s Ferry Road. It is at the edge of a public boat ramp parking lot. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Dickerson MD 20842, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. At the Junction of War and Peace: (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Edward’s Ferry Elizabeth Mills Riverfront Park (approx. 1.1 miles away in Virginia); a different marker also named Edwards Ferry (approx. 1.2 miles away in Virginia); Ice House (approx. 2 miles away in Virginia); Carriage House (approx. 2.1 miles away in Virginia); Red Rock Wilderness Overlook Regional Park (approx. 2.1 miles away in Virginia); Well House (approx. 2.1 miles away in Virginia). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Poolesville.
More about this marker. The marker features a portrait of U.S. Gen. Joseph Hooker and wartime sketch of pontoon bridging, captioned, Pontoon boats on their way from Aquia Creek to the Rappahannock, by H. Lovie. The sidebar has a picture of wartime balloon operations, Prof. Thaddeus Lowe replenishing balloon Intrepid at Fair Oaks, Va, May 1862.
Regarding Edwards Ferry. By the time of the Civil War, Edward’s Ferry was a place name rather than an operating ferry. Because bridges over the C & O Canal remained from the days of ferry operations, this was one of a few crossing points for traffic traversing the canal. Thus the community of Edward’s Ferry out lasted the actual ferry.
Also see . . . Harper's Weekly Reprint for the Battle of Edward's Ferry. (Submitted on July 14, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on July 14, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 8,782 times since then and 202 times this year. Last updated on July 29, 2010, by Sarah Hovde of Rocky Ridge, Maryland. Photos: 1. submitted on July 14, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. 2. submitted on July 14, 2007, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio. 3. submitted on July 14, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. 4. submitted on January 27, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on October 28, 2014, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. 9. submitted on July 14, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.